London Waterloo station

Waterloo National Rail
London Waterloo
Aerial view from the south, showing Waterloo station, Waterloo and Hungerford Bridges and the London Eye
Waterloo is located in Central London
Location of Waterloo in Central London
Local authorityLondon Borough of Lambeth
Managed byNetwork Rail
Station codeWAT
DfT categoryA
Number of platforms24
Fare zone1
OSIWaterloo Underground station London Underground
Waterloo East National Rail
Embankment London Underground[2]
Cycle parkingYes – external opposite exit 3
Toilet facilitiesYes
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 98.443 million[3]
– interchange Increase 10.017 million[3]
2014–15Increase 99.201 million[3]
– interchange Increase 10.188 million[3]
2015–16Decrease 99.148 million[3]
– interchange Decrease 6.098 million[3]
2016–17Increase 99.403 million[3]
– interchange Increase 6.106 million[3]
2017–18Decrease 94.355 million[3]
– interchange Decrease 5.859 million[3]
Railway companies
Original companyLondon & South Western Railway
Pre-groupingLondon & South Western Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
Key dates
11 July 1848[4]Opened
21 March 1922Rebuilt
14 November 1994 –
13 November 2007
Eurostar terminal
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS8451°30′11″N 0°06′48″W / 51°30′11″N 0°06′48″W / 51.5031; -0.1132
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Waterloo station (/), also known as London Waterloo, is a central London terminus on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom, located in the Waterloo area of the London Borough of Lambeth. It is connected to a London Underground station of the same name and is adjacent to Waterloo East station on the South Eastern main line. The station is the terminus of the South Western main line to Weymouth via Southampton, the West of England main line to Exeter via Salisbury, the Portsmouth Direct line to Portsmouth Harbour and the Isle of Wight, and several commuter services around West and South West London, Surrey, Hampshire and Berkshire. Many services stop at Clapham Junction and Woking.

The station was first opened in 1848 by the London and South Western Railway, and replaced the earlier Nine Elms as it was closer to the West End. It was never designed to be a terminus, as the original intention was to continue the line towards the City of London, and consequently the station developed in a haphazard fashion leading to difficulty finding the correct platform. The station was rebuilt in the early 20th century, opening in 1922, and included the Victory Arch over the main entrance, which commemorated World War I. Waterloo was the last London terminus to provide steam-powered services, which ended in 1967. The station was the London terminus for Eurostar international trains from 1994 until 2007, when they were transferred to St. Pancras International.

Waterloo is the busiest railway station in the UK. It is also the country's largest station in terms of floor space and has the greatest number of platforms at 24. When combined with the Underground and Waterloo East stations, it is the busiest station complex in Europe.


The station's formal name is London Waterloo, and appears as such on all official documentation. It has the station code WAT.[5] It is in the London Borough of Lambeth on the south bank of the River Thames, close to Waterloo Bridge and northeast of Westminster Bridge. The main entrance is to the south of the junction of Waterloo Road and York Road.[6] It is named after the eponymous bridge, which itself was named after the Battle of Waterloo, a battle that occurred exactly two years prior to the opening ceremony for the bridge.[7][8]

Several London bus routes, including 1, 4, 26, 59, 68, 171, 176, 188, 507, 521 and RV1 all stop at Waterloo.[9] Some buses call at stops by the side of the station on Waterloo Road, others at Tenison Way, a short distance from the Victory Arch.[10]

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