Lombok

Lombok
South Lombok.jpg
Lombok Wedding Party 1998.jpg
Camping above the clouds at Rinjani.jpg
Senggigi Beach by Pura Batubolong.JPG
Senaru Waterfall.JPG
From top, left to right: Aan Beach, Sasak wedding, camping over the top of Rinjani,Senggigi beach, Senaru waterfall
Lombok Locator.svg
Location (red) of Lombok
Geography
LocationSoutheast Asia
Coordinates8°33′54″S 116°21′04″E / 8°33′54″S 116°21′04″E / -8.565; 116.351
ArchipelagoLesser Sunda Islands
Area4,514.11 km2 (1,742.91 sq mi)
Highest elevation3,726 m (12,224 ft)
Highest pointRinjani
Administration
Indonesia
ProvinceWest Nusa Tenggara
Largest settlementMataram (pop. 420,941)
Demographics
Population3,311,044 (2014)
Pop. density733.5 /km2 (1,899.8 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsSasak, Balinese, Mbojo, Tionghoa-peranakan, Sumbawa people, Flores people, Arab Indonesian

Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a "tail" (Sekotong Peninsula) to the southwest, about 70 kilometres (43 miles) across and a total area of about 4,514 square kilometres (1,743 square miles). The provincial capital and largest city on the island is Mataram.

Lombok is somewhat similar in size and density, and shares some cultural heritage with the neighboring island of Bali to the west. However, it is administratively part of West Nusa Tenggara, along with the larger and more sparsely populated island of Sumbawa to the east. Lombok is surrounded by a number of smaller islands locally called Gili.

The island is home to some 3.35 million Indonesians as recorded in the decennial 2014 census.[1][2][3][4]

Administration

Lombok is under the administration of the Governor of the province of West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat). The province is administered from the provincial capital of Mataram in West Lombok.

The island is administratively divided into four kabupaten (regencies) and one kota (city). They are as follows, with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) official estimates:

Name Area in
km2
Population
2005 estimate
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014 Census
Capital
North Lombok Regency
(Lombok Utara)
776.25 (included in
West Lombok)
199,904 210,133 Tanjung
West Lombok Regency
(Lombok Barat)
862.62 757,369 599,609 644,586 Gerung
Central Lombok Regency
(Lombok Tengah)
1,208.39 810,645 859,309 903,432 Praya
East Lombok Regency
(Lombok Timur)
1,605.55 1,039,195 1,105,671 1,153,773 Selong
Mataram City 61.30 342,896 402,296 441,064 Mataram
Totals 4,514.11 2,950,105 3,166,789 3,352,988
Other Languages
Acèh: Lombok
العربية: لومبوك
asturianu: Lombok
azərbaycanca: Lombok
Bahasa Banjar: Pulaw Lombok
Bân-lâm-gú: Lombok
беларуская: Ламбок
български: Ломбок
brezhoneg: Lombok
català: Lombok
Cebuano: Lombok Island
čeština: Lombok
Cymraeg: Lombok
dansk: Lombok
Deutsch: Lombok
eesti: Lombok
Ελληνικά: Λομπόκ
español: Lombok
Esperanto: Lomboko
euskara: Lombok
فارسی: لومبوک
français: Lombok
galego: Lombok
한국어: 롬복섬
հայերեն: Լոմբոկ
हिन्दी: लोम्बोक
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau Lombok
íslenska: Lombok
italiano: Lombok
Basa Jawa: Lombok
ქართული: ლომბოკი
Kiswahili: Lombok
кырык мары: Ломбок
lietuvių: Lombokas
magyar: Lombok
മലയാളം: ലോംബോക്ക്
Bahasa Melayu: Lombok
Nederlands: Lombok (eiland)
日本語: ロンボク島
norsk: Lombok
norsk nynorsk: Lombok
polski: Lombok
português: Lombok
русский: Ломбок
Scots: Lombok
Seeltersk: Lombok
Simple English: Lombok
српски / srpski: Ломбок
Basa Sunda: Pulo Lombok
suomi: Lombok
svenska: Lombok
தமிழ்: லொம்போ
Türkçe: Lombok
українська: Ломбок
اردو: لومبوک
Tiếng Việt: Lombok
吴语: 隆波岛
粵語: 龍目島
中文: 龙目岛