Loire (department)

Loire
Department
Coat of arms of Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Loire in France
Location of Loire in France
Coordinates: 45°05′N 04°05′E / 45°05′N 04°05′E / 45.083; 4.083
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
PrefectureSaint-Étienne
SubprefecturesMontbrison
Roanne
Government
 • President of the General CouncilBernard Bonne (UMP)
Area1
 • Total4,781 km2 (1,846 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total756,715
 • Rank30th
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number42
Arrondissements3
Cantons21
Communes326
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Loire (French pronunciation: ​[lwaʁ]; Arpitan: Lêre; Occitan: Léger) is a department in the east-central part of France occupying the River Loire's upper reaches.

History

Loire was created in 1793 when the Rhône-et-Loire department was split into two, about 3½ years after it was created. This was a response to counter-revolutionary activities in Lyon which, by population, was the country's second largest city. By splitting Rhône-et-Loire the government sought to protect the French Revolution from the potential power and influence of counter revolutionary activity in the Lyon region.

The departmental capitals throughout its history are as follows:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Loire
Bân-lâm-gú: Loire
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люара (дэпартамэнт)
български: Лоар
Cebuano: Loire
euskara: Loire
فارسی: لوآر
한국어: 루아르주
Bahasa Indonesia: Loire
interlingua: Departimento Loire
Kapampangan: Loire
Ladino: Loire
Lëtzebuergesch: Departement Loire
Malagasy: Loire
मराठी: लावार
Bahasa Melayu: Loire (jabatan)
日本語: ロワール県
norsk nynorsk: Departementet Loire
پنجابی: ضلع لوار
Plattdüütsch: Loire (Bezirk)
português: Loire
română: Loire
Simple English: Loire
slovenčina: Loire (departement)
slovenščina: Loire (departma)
српски / srpski: Лоара (департман)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Loire (departman)
Taqbaylit: Loire (Agezdu)
Türkçe: Loire
Tiếng Việt: Loire (tỉnh)
Volapük: Loire
Winaray: Loire
粵語: 盧華爾
中文: 卢瓦尔省