A mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans) being felled using springboards, c. 1884–1917, Australia
McGiffert Log Loader in East Texas, USA circa 1907

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks[1] or skeleton cars.

In forestry, the term logging is sometimes used narrowly to describe the logistics of moving wood from the stump to somewhere outside the forest, usually a sawmill or a lumber yard. In common usage, however, the term may cover a range of forestry or silviculture activities.

Illegal logging refers to what in forestry might be called timber theft by the timber mafia.[2][3] It can also refer to the harvesting, transportation, purchase, or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission or from a protected area; the cutting of protected species; or the extraction of timber in excess of agreed limits.[4]

Clearcut logging is not necessarily considered a type of logging but a harvesting or silviculture method, and is simply called clearcutting or block cutting. In the forest products industry logging companies may be referred to as logging contractors, with the smaller, non-union crews referred to as "gyppo loggers".

Cutting trees with the highest value and leaving those with lower value, often diseased or malformed trees, is referred to as high grading. It is sometimes called selective logging, and confused with selection cutting, the practice of managing stands by harvesting a proportion of trees.[5]

Logging usually refers to above-ground forestry logging. Submerged forests exist on land that has been flooded by damming to create reservoirs. Such trees are logged using underwater logging or by the lowering of the reservoirs in question. Ootsa Lake and Williston Lake in British Columbia, Canada are notable examples where timber recovery has been needed to remove inundated forests.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: قطع الأشجار
Bân-lâm-gú: Chhò-chhiū
български: Дърводобив
čeština: Těžba dříví
Deutsch: Holzernte
eesti: Metsaraie
Esperanto: Arbarekspluatado
فارسی: درخت‌بری
Frysk: Houtkap
한국어: 벌채
Bahasa Indonesia: Penebangan kayu
қазақша: Трелёвка
Bahasa Melayu: Pembalakan
Nederlands: Houtkap
日本語: 伐採
norsk: Trefelling
norsk nynorsk: Tømmerhogst
Runa Simi: Sach'a muthuy
Simple English: Logging
slovenčina: Ťažba dreva
slovenščina: Sečnja
svenska: Avverkning
Tagalog: Pagtotroso
українська: Заготівля лісу
Tiếng Việt: Khai thác gỗ
中文: 伐木