Lithification (from the Ancient Greek word lithos meaning 'rock' and the Latin-derived suffix -ific) is the process in which sediments compact under pressure, expel connate fluids, and gradually become solid rock. Essentially, lithification is a process of porosity destruction through compaction and cementation. Lithification includes all the processes which convert unconsolidated sediments into sedimentary rocks. Petrifaction, though often used as a synonym, is more specifically used to describe the replacement of organic material by silica in the formation of fossils.[1]

See also

Other Languages
العربية: تحجر الرواسب
català: Litificació
español: Litificación
euskara: Litifikazio
فارسی: سنگ‌شدگی
français: Lithification
한국어: 고화 작용
italiano: Litificazione
Kreyòl ayisyen: Litifikasyon
Nederlands: Lithificatie
polski: Lityfikacja
português: Litificação
svenska: Litifiering
українська: Літифікація
Tiếng Việt: Đá hóa