List of territorial entities where English is an official language

Nations in which English is an official language (de facto or de jure). Anglosphere countries are those where English is the main native language.
  Official as majority language
  Official as minority language
  Co-official as majority language
  Co-official as minority language
  Unofficial[clarification needed]
  Not official as majority language
  Not official as minority language
All areas of the world that were ever part of the British Empire. Current British Overseas Territories have their names underlined in red.

The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials. As of 2019, there are 55 sovereign states and 27 non-sovereign entities where English was an official language. Many country subdivisions have declared English an official language at the local or regional.

The majority of states where English is an official language are former territories of the British Empire. Notable exceptions include Rwanda, which was formerly a Belgian territory, Cameroon, where only part of national territory were under British mandate, and Liberia, the Philippines, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, which were American territories. English is the sole official language of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union, NAFTA, African Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Caribbean Community, Union of South American Nations and many other international organisations. Although English is de jure not an official language at the national level in the United States, most states and territories within the United States have English as an official language. Only Puerto Rico uses a language other than English as a primary working language.

The United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and New Zealand, where the overwhelming majority of native English speakers reside, do not have English as an official language de jure, but English is considered to be their de facto official language due to its dominant position in these countries.

Sovereign states

Countries where English is a de facto official language
Nr Country Region Population Primary language?
1  Australia Oceania 25,019,600 Yes
2  New Zealand[1] Oceania 4,893,830 Yes
3  United Kingdom Europe 66,040,229 Yes
4  United States North America 325,719,178 Yes
Countries where English is a de jure and de facto official language
Nr Country Region Population1 Primary language?
1  Antigua and Barbuda[2] Caribbean 85,000 Yes
2  Bahamas[2] Caribbean 331,000 Yes
3  Barbados[3] Caribbean 294,000 Yes
4  Belize[4] Central America 288,000 Yes
5  Botswana[4] Africa 1,882,000 No
6  Burundi[5] Africa 10,114,505 No
7  Cameroon[2] Africa 22,534,532 No
8  Canada[2] North America 35,985,751 Yes (except Quebec, northern New Brunswick)
9  Cook Islands14[2] Oceania 20,000 Yes
10  Dominica[2] Caribbean 73,000 Yes
11  Eswatini[2] Africa 1,141,000 No
12  Fiji[2] Oceania 828,000 No
13  The Gambia[2] Africa 1,709,000 No
14  Ghana[2] Africa 27,000,000 Yes (used as lingua franca)
15  Grenada[2] Caribbean 111,000 Yes (except for small French Creole population)
16  Guyana[6] South America 738,000 Yes
17  India[4][7] Asia 1,247,540,000 No (but official and educational)
18  Ireland[8][9] Europe 4,900,000 Yes (Irish is co-official)
19  Jamaica[10] Caribbean 2,714,000 Yes
20  Kenya[2] Africa 45,010,056 Yes (in business and education)
21  Kiribati[2] Oceania 95,000 No
22  Lesotho[2] Africa 2,008,000 No
23  Liberia[2] Africa 3,750,000 Yes
24  Malawi[11] Africa 16,407,000 No
25  Malta[2] Europe 430,000 No (but official and educational)
26  Marshall Islands[2] Oceania 59,000 No
27  Mauritius[2] Africa / Indian Ocean 1,262,000 No
28  Federated States of Micronesia[2] Oceania 110,000 No
29  Namibia[2] Africa 2,074,000 No (used as lingua franca)
30  Nauru[12] Oceania 10,000 No (but widely spoken)
31  Nigeria[2][13] Africa 182,202,000 Yes (used as lingua franca)
32  Niue14[2] Oceania 1,600 No
33  Pakistan[2] Asia 212,742,631 No (but official and educational)
34  Palau[4] Oceania 20,000 No
35  Papua New Guinea[14][15] Oceania 7,059,653 Yes
36  Philippines[2][16] Asia 102,885,100 Yes (Filipino is co-official)
37  Rwanda[2] Africa 11,262,564 No (but official and educational)
38  Saint Kitts and Nevis[17] Caribbean 50,000 Yes
39  Saint Lucia[2] Caribbean 165,000 Yes
40  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[18] Caribbean 120,000 Yes
41  Samoa[19] Oceania 188,000 No
42  Seychelles[2] Africa / Indian Ocean 87,000 No
43  Sierra Leone[2] Africa 6,190,280 Yes
44  Singapore[20] Asia 5,469,700[21] Yes (used as lingua franca, mostly and widely spoken, and educational)
45  Solomon Islands[2] Oceania 507,000 No
45.5  Somaliland Africa 3,500,000+ No (but official, alongside Somali and Arabic)
46  South Africa[22] Africa 54,956,900 No (but official, educational and
lingua franca in formal economy )
47  South Sudan[23] Africa 12,340,000 No
48  Sudan[2] Africa 40,235,000 No
49  Tanzania[2] Africa 51,820,000 No
50  Tonga[24] Oceania 100,000 No
51  Trinidad and Tobago[2] Caribbean 1,333,000 Yes
52  Tuvalu[4] Oceania 11,000 No
53  Uganda[2] Africa 37,873,253 No (official and educational)[25]
54  Vanuatu[26] Oceania 226,000 No
55  Zambia[2] Africa 16,212,000 No
56  Zimbabwe[2] Africa 13,061,239 No (used as lingua franca)
Countries where English is a de facto official, but not primary language
Nr Country Region Population1
1  Bahrain[27][28] Asia / Middle East 1,378,000
2  Bangladesh[29] Asia 150,039,000
3  Brunei[30][31] Asia 415,717
4  Cyprus[32] Europe, Asia / Middle East 1,141,166
5  Egypt[33] Africa 94,798,827
6  Eritrea[2] Africa 6,234,000
7  Ethiopia[2] Africa 85,000,000
8  Iraq Asia / Middle East
9  Israel[34][35][36] Asia / Middle East 8,051,200
10  Jordan[37] Asia / Middle East 9,882,401
11  Kuwait[38] Asia / Middle East 4,348,395
12  Malaysia[39] Asia 30,018,242
13  Maldives[40] Asia 427,756
14  Myanmar[41] Asia 51,486,253
15  Oman[42] Asia / Middle East 4,424,762
16  Qatar[43] Asia / Middle East 2,675,522
17  Somalia Africa
18  Sri Lanka[44][45] Asia 20,277,597
19  United Arab Emirates[46] Asia / Middle East 5,779,760
Other Languages