List of territorial entities where English is an official language

Nations in which English is an official language (de facto or de jure). Anglosphere countries are those where English is the main native language.
  Official as majority language
  Official as minority language
  Co-official as majority language
  Co-official as minority language
  Unofficial[clarification needed]
  Not official as majority language
  Not official as minority language
All areas of the world that were ever part of the British Empire. Current British Overseas Territories have their names underlined in red.

The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials. As of 2019, there are 55 sovereign states and 27 non-sovereign entities where English was an official language. Many country subdivisions have declared English an official language at the local or regional level.

The majority of states where English is an official language are former territories of the British Empire. Notable exceptions include Rwanda, which was formerly a Belgian territory, Cameroon, where only part of national territory were under British mandate, and Liberia, the Philippines, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, which were under American rule. English is the sole official language of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union, NAFTA, African Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Caribbean Community, Union of South American Nations and many other international organisations. Although English is de jure not an official language at the national level in the United States, most states and territories within the United States have English as an official language. Only Puerto Rico uses a language other than English as a primary working language.

The United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and New Zealand, where the overwhelming majority of native English speakers reside, do not have English as an official language de jure, but English is considered to be their de facto official language due to its dominant position in these countries.

Sovereign states

Countries where English is a de facto official language
Country Region Population Primary language?
 Australia Oceania 25,019,600 Yes
 New Zealand[1] Oceania 4,893,830 Yes
 United Kingdom Europe 66,040,229 Yes
 United States North America 325,719,178 Yes
Countries where English is a de jure official language
Country Region Population1 Primary language?
 Antigua and Barbuda[2] Caribbean 85,000 Yes
 Bahamas[2] Caribbean 331,000 Yes
 Barbados[3] Caribbean 294,000 Yes
 Belize[4] Central America 288,000 Yes
 Botswana[4] Africa 1,882,000 No
 Burundi[5] Africa 10,114,505 No
 Cameroon[2] Africa 22,534,532 No
 Canada[2] North America 35,985,751 Yes (except Quebec, northern New Brunswick and Nunavut)
 Republic of China[6] Asia 23,000,000 No (Taiwanese)
 Cook Islands14[2] Oceania 20,000 Yes
 Dominica[2] Caribbean 73,000 Yes
 Eswatini (Swaziland)[2] Africa 1,141,000 No
 Fiji[2] Oceania 828,000 No
 The Gambia[2] Africa 1,709,000 No
 Ethiopia[2] Africa 110,009,000 No (but used as medium of instruction for secondary and higher education)
 Ghana[2] Africa 27,000,000 Yes (used as lingua franca)
 Grenada[2] Caribbean 111,000 Yes (except for small French Creole population)
 Guyana[7] South America 738,000 Yes
 India[4][8] Asia 1,247,540,000 No (but official and educational)
 Ireland[9][10] Europe 4,900,000 Yes (Irish is first official language)
 Jamaica[11] Caribbean 2,714,000 Yes
 Kenya[2] Africa 45,010,056 Yes (in business and education)
 Kiribati[2] Oceania 95,000 No
 Lesotho[2] Africa 2,008,000 No
 Liberia[2] Africa 3,750,000 Yes
 Malawi[12] Africa 16,407,000 No
 Malta[2] Europe 430,000 No (but official and educational)
 Marshall Islands[2] Oceania 59,000 No
 Mauritius[2] Africa / Indian Ocean 1,262,000 No
 Federated States of Micronesia[2] Oceania 110,000 No
 Namibia[2] Africa 2,074,000 No (used as lingua franca)
 Nauru[13] Oceania 10,000 No
   Nepal[14][better source needed] Asia 29,700,002 No (but official and educational)
 Nigeria[2][15] Africa 182,202,000 Yes (used as lingua franca)
 Niue14[2] Oceania 1,600 No
 Pakistan[2] Asia 199,085,847 No (but official and educational)
 Palau[4] Oceania 20,000 No
 Papua New Guinea[16][17] Oceania 7,059,653 No
 Philippines[2][18] Asia 102,885,100 No (but official and educational)
 Rwanda[2] Africa 11,262,564 No (but official and educational)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[19] Caribbean 50,000 Yes
 Saint Lucia[2] Caribbean 165,000 Yes
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[20] Caribbean 120,000 Yes
 Samoa[21] Oceania 188,000 No
 Seychelles[2] Africa / Indian Ocean 87,000 No
 Sierra Leone[2] Africa 6,190,280 Yes
 Singapore[22] Asia 5,469,700[23] No (but official, mostly and widely spoken, and educational)
 Solomon Islands[2] Oceania 507,000 No
 South Africa[24] Africa 54,956,900 No (but official, educational and
lingua franca in formal economy )
 South Sudan[25] Africa 12,340,000 No
 Sudan[2] Africa 40,235,000 No
 Tanzania[2] Africa 51,820,000 No
 Tonga[26] Oceania 100,000 No
 Trinidad and Tobago[2] Caribbean 1,333,000 Yes
 Tuvalu[4] Oceania 11,000 No
 Uganda[2] Africa 37,873,253 No (official and educational)[27]
 Vanuatu[28] Oceania 226,000 No
 Zambia[2] Africa 16,212,000 No
 Zimbabwe[2] Africa 13,061,239 No (used as lingua franca)
Countries where English is a de facto official, but not primary language
Country Region Population1
 Bahrain[29][30] Asia / Middle East 1,378,000
 Bangladesh[31] Asia 150,039,000
 Brunei[32][33] Asia 415,717
 Cyprus[34] Europe 1,141,166
 Eritrea[2] Africa 6,234,000
 Ethiopia[2] Africa 85,000,000
 Israel[35][36][37] Asia / Middle East 8,051,200
 Jordan[38] Asia / Middle East 9,882,401
 Kuwait[39] Asia / Middle East 4,348,395
 Malaysia[40] Asia 30,018,242
 Maldives[41] Asia 427,756
 Myanmar[42] Asia 51,486,253
 Qatar[43] Asia / Middle East 2,675,522
 Sri Lanka[44][45] Asia 20,277,597
 United Arab Emirates[46] Asia / Middle East 5,779,760
Other Languages