List of rivers by discharge

This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is, their water flow rate. Here, only those rivers are shown whose discharge is more than 2000 cubic meters per second.

NoContinentRiverLength (km)Length (miles)Drainage area (km2)Average discharge (m3/s)OutflowReference
1S. AmericaAmazon[note 1]6,4003,9767,050,000209,000Atlantic Ocean[1][2]
2AfricaCongo4,3712,7164,014,50041,200Atlantic Ocean[1][1]
3S. AmericaOrinoco2,1401,330880,00040,000Atlantic Ocean[1][3]
4AsiaGangesBrahmaputraMeghna5,4253,3711,731,33438,129Bay of Bengal[4]
5S. AmericaMadeira3,3802,1001,420,00031,200Amazon River[5][6]
6AsiaYangtze
(Chang Jiang)
6,4183,9881,808,50030,166East China Sea[1][2]
7S. AmericaNegro2,2301,390691,00028,400Amazon River[5]
8S. AmericaRío de la Plata2901803,100,00022,000Atlantic Ocean[1]
9AsiaBrahmaputra3,8482,391712,03519,800Padma River[7][8]
10AsiaYenisei3,4382,1362,580,00019,600Kara Sea[1][2]
11S. AmericaJapurá2,6151,625267,73018,620Amazon River[9]
12S. AmericaParaná4,8803,0502,582,67217,290Río de la Plata, Atlantic Ocean
13AsiaLena4,4722,6472,490,00016,871Laptev Sea[1][2]
14N. AmericaSaint Lawrence3,0581,9001,030,00016,800Gulf of Saint Lawrence[10]
15N. AmericaMississippi3,7302,3203,202,23016,792Gulf of Mexico[1]
16S. AmericaMarañón1,7371,074358,00016,708Amazon River
17AsiaGanges2,5101,560907,00016,648Padma River[11]
18AsiaMekong4,0232,500811,00016,000South China Sea[1][2]
19S. AmericaTocantins2,6991,677920,00013,600Atlantic Ocean[12]
20S. AmericaTapajos1,9921,232492,48113,540Amazon River[13]
21S. AmericaUcayali2,6701,651337,51913,500Amazon River
22AsiaIrrawaddy2,1701,348411,00013,000Andaman Sea[1]
23AsiaOb' - Irtysh5,4103,4492,990,00012,475Gulf of Ob[1][2]
24AsiaAmur
(Heilong)
4,3522,7141,855,00011,400Sea of Okhotsk[1]
25S. AmericaPurus3,2111,995371,04210,970Amazon River
26S. AmericaBeni1,599994283,35010,300Madeira River[14]
27N. AmericaMackenzie - Peace - Finlay4,2412,6351,790,00010,300Beaufort Sea[1]
28AfricaKwah - Kasai2,2721,405881,8909,873Congo River
29S. AmericaXingu1,9791,230531,2509,700Amazon River
30AsiaPearl - Xi Jiang
(West) (Si Kang)
2,4001,491453,7009,500South China Sea[15]
31S. AmericaMamoré2,2001,361595,0008,800Madeira River
32S. AmericaPutumayo1,8131,121148,0008,760Amazon River
33S. AmericaJuruá2,4101,498225,8288,420Amazon River
34AfricaKasai2,1531,338880,2008,346Congo River[9]
35S. AmericaGuaviare1,497930140,0008,200Orinoco River
36EuropeVolga3,6922,2941,380,0008,060Caspian Sea
37N. AmericaOhio1,579981490,6017,957Mississippi River[note 2][16]
38N. AmericaColumbia2,0001,243668,0007,500Pacific Ocean
39AsiaXi2,1971,359409,4807,410Pearl River
40EuropeDanube2,8601,777817,0007,130Black Sea
41AfricaZambezi2,5741,5991,331,0007,070Indian Ocean[17]
42S. AmericaMagdalena1,540963257,4386,987Atlantic Ocean
43S. AmericaNapo1,075665100,5186,976Amazon River
44AsiaIndus3,2002,0001,165,0006,600Arabian Sea
45S. AmericaMeta1,20074293,8006,500Orinoco River
46N. AmericaYukon3,1871,980854,6966,428Bering Sea
47S. AmericaMadre de Dios1,220754125,5006,370Beni River[14]
48S. AmericaAraguaia2,6271,632358,1256,216Tocantins River[9]
49AsiaKapuas1,14371098,7496,000South China Sea
50OceaniaFly1,05064976,0006,000Gulf of Papua, Coral Sea
51N. AmericaNiagara5836684,0005,796Lake Ontario
52AfricaNiger4,1672,5892,090,0005,589Atlantic Ocean[1]
53S. AmericaUruguay1,8381,140365,0005,500Atlantic Ocean, Río de la Plata
54AsiaBarito880544100,0005,500Java Sea
55EurasiaAldan2,2731,412729,0005,489Lena River[9]
56S. AmericaBranco775479195,0005,400Rio Negro
57N. AmericaDetroit51321,8135,324Lake Erie
58N. AmericaSt. Clair6339576,0005,200Lake St. Clair
59S. AmericaAtrato75046638,5004,900Atlantic Ocean
60AsiaSalween2,8151,749320,0004,876Andaman Sea
61S. AmericaCaroní95259595,0004,850Orinoco River
62OceaniaMamberamo1,17572779,7744,580Pacific Ocean
63AsiaAngara1,7791,1001,079,0004,530Yenisey River
64S. AmericaJuruena1,240770190,3914,360Tapajos River
65AsiaKama1,8051,122507,0004,100Volga River
66AfricaUbangi2,2721,405772,8004,000Congo River
67AsiaChindwin1,207750114,0004,000Ayeyarwady River
68S. AmericaTeles Pires1,6381,013141,7183,978Tapajos River
69EuropePechora1,8091,124289,5323,949Barents Sea
70S. AmericaApaporis1,37084754,3003,900Japurá River
71OceaniaSepik1,12670080,3213,804Bismarck Sea
72AsiaKolyma2,1291,317644,0003,800East Siberian Sea
73AsiaNizhnyaya Tunguska2,9891,848473,0003,680Yenisei River
74AsiaUpper Meghna1,04064382,0003,600Lower Meghna River
75AsiaGodavari1,465910312,8123,505Bay of Bengal[11]
76S. AmericaHuallaga1,13870485,0003,500Ucayali River
77N. AmericaFraser1,375854220,0003,475Pacific Ocean
78AsiaKaladan4502783,468Bay of Bengal
79N. AmericaSlave434270616,4003,414Great Slave Lake
80AsiaNorthern Dvina744462357,0523,332White Sea[1]
81AsiaKhatanga1,6361,012364,0003,320Khatanga Gulf, Laptev Sea
82OceaniaKikori40525023,3093,274Gulf of Papua
83S. AmericaParnaíba1,070662220,0003,200Atlantic Ocean
84S. AmericaJutai1,20074260,0003,000Amazon River
85S. AmericaCaura72344952,0003,000Orinoco River
86AsiaGhaghara1,080671127,9502,990Ganges River[18]
87AsiaIrtysh4,2482,6271,673,4702,980Ob River
88AsiaYamuna1,376855366,2232,950Ganges River[18]
89S. AmericaSão Francisco2,8301,758641,0002,943Atlantic Ocean[19]
90S. AmericaTrombetas1,060656135,2392,855Amazon River
91AfricaNile6,8534,2583,400,0002,830Mediterranean Sea[1]
92S. AmericaTambo1,000618135,0002,800Ucayali River
93AfricaRuki1,300804173,8002,800Congo River
94N. AmericaKoksoak13785133,4002,800Ungava Bay, Arctic Ocean
95S. AmericaPastaza74045841,0002,770Marañón River
96S. AmericaIriri1,300810130,0002,745Xingu River
97S. AmericaGuapore1,530946303,2102,740Mamoré River
98AsiaZeya1,242768233,0002,700Amur River
99S. AmericaTigre94058154,2002,700Marañón River
100AfricaKwango1,100680263,5002,700Kasai River
101S. AmericaParaguay2,6211,629365,5922,700Parana River
102AsiaRed1,149714143,7002,640Gulf of Tonkin
103S. AmericaUaupes1,05064950,0002,625Rio Negro
104EurasiaYellow5,4643,395752,0002,571East China Sea
105EurasiaPyasina818508182,0002,550Kara Sea
106EurasiaAmu Darya2,4001,491534,7392,525Aral Sea
107S. AmericaTietê1,150715150,0002,500Paraná River
108AfricaSankuru1,200756156,0002,500Kasai River
109EurasiaMahakam98060977,1002,500Makassar Strait
110AfricaSangha790489213,4002,471Congo River
111EurasiaSonghua / Sungari1,434887557,1802,463Amur River
112S. AmericaJavari1,18473290,0002,463Amazon River
113EurasiaNeva7446281,0002,445Baltic Sea[20]
114N. AmericaMissouri3,7672,3411,371,0102,445Mississippi River[1]
115N. AmericaLiard1,115693277,1002,434Mackenzie River
116S. AmericaRio Grande (Paraná River)1,360841143,0002,400Paraná River
117AfricaBenue1,3708472,400Niger River
118N. AmericaNelson2,5751600982,9002,370Hudson Bay[21]
119S. AmericaCauca1,18073059,8402,364Magdalena River
120S. AmericaYarí62038331,6502,360Japurá River
121S. AmericaUrubamba72444860,3002,330Ucayali River
122EuropeRhine1,233820198,7352,330North Sea[22]
123S. AmericaApure1,038645121,4002,300Orinoco River
124EurasiaXiang85652996,4002,288Yangtze River
125AsiaKrishna River1,400870258,9482,213Bay of Bengal[11]
126S. AmericaSan Juan38024015,0002,200Pacific Ocean
127EurasiaVitim1,9781,223227,0002,200Lena River
128EurasiaKoshi72945369,3002,166Ganges River[18]
129EurasiaYuan86453789,1632,158Yangtze River
130EurasiaHan1,532952174,3002,156Yangtze River
131N. AmericaSt. Marys12075127,7002,135Lake Huron
132EurasiaJialing1,119695160,0002,120Yangtze River
133EurasiaMahanadi858533141,6002,119Bay of Bengal[11]
134N. AmericaPeace1,9231,195306,0002,110Slave River
135S. AmericaEssequibo1,01462769,3002,104Atlantic Ocean
136S. AmericaVentuari52032240,0002,000Orinoco river
137S. AmericaInírida1,3008042,000Guaviare River
138S. AmericaVichada58035925,0002,000Orinoco River
139AfricaAruwimi1,030808116,1002,000Congo River

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Rivers of the Earth[Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gupta, Avijit (2007). Large rivers: geomorphology and management. John Wiley and Sons. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-470-84987-3. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.fundacionlasalle.org.ve/userfiles/men_1997_57_147_81-99.pdf
  4. ^ . Beijing: Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2011-08-22 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-08/22/c_131067137.htm. Retrieved 2017-02-17. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) e Secretaria Nacional de Recursos Hídricos ([1])
  6. ^ R. Ziesler and G.D. Ardizzone: The Inland Waters of Latin America. COPESCAL Technical Paper No. 1, FAO, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, Rome 1979 [2]
  7. ^ "Scientists pinpoint sources of four major international rivers". Xinhua News Agency. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Brahmaputra River". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  9. ^ a b c d GRDC Database Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Benke, Arthur C.; Cushing, Colbert E. (2005). Rivers of North America. Academic Press. pp. 989–990. ISBN 978-0-12-088253-3. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
  12. ^ The Hydrographi Region of The Amazon
  13. ^ http://www.caee.utexas.edu/prof/mckinney/ce397/Topics/Amazon/Amazon(2012).pdf The Amazon River Basin; CE 397 – Transboundary Waters
  14. ^ a b http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_6/b_fdi_35-36/41614.pdf Water resources, salinity and yields of the rivers of the Bolivian Amazon
  15. ^ "Chapter 5: Plate D-6 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center". Disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  16. ^ Leeden, Frits van der; Fcrimson L. Troise; David Keith Todd (1990). The Water Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 0-87371-120-3.
  17. ^ Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World’s Large River Systems
  18. ^ a b c Jain, Sharad K.; Agarwal, Pushpendra K.; Singh, Vijay P. (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Springer. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-4020-5179-1. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  19. ^ São Francisco River
  20. ^ Nezhihovsky, R. A. (1981). Neva River and Neva Bay. Gidrometeoizdat.
  21. ^ Nelson River
  22. ^ http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001333/133303e.pdf Rhine case study; Technical documents in hydrology: PC-CP series; Vol.:17; 2003

Notes

  1. ^ Greater than the discharge of the next seven rivers combined - see the introduction of said article (for information)
  2. ^ Because it has a larger discharge than the Mississippi River at their confluence, The Ohio River is technically the main stream of the Mississippi River System