List of municipalities in Ontario

Map of Canada with Ontario highlighted in red
Location of Ontario in Canada
Distribution of Ontario's incorporated municipalities and unincorporated areas
Municipalities account for 17% of Ontario's total land area. Unincorporated areas encompass the remaining 83%.

Ontario is the most populous province in Canada with 13,448,494 residents as of 2016 and is third-largest in land area[a] at 908,699 km2 (350,851 sq mi).[2] Ontario's 444 municipalities[3] cover only 17% of the province's land mass yet are home to 99% of its population.[4] These municipalities provide local or regional municipal government services within either a single-tier or shared two-tier municipal structure.[5]

A municipality in Ontario is "a geographic area whose inhabitants are incorporated" according to the Municipal Act, 2001.[6] Ontario's three municipality types include upper and lower-tier municipalities within the two-tier structure, and single-tier municipalities (unitary authorities) that are exempt from the two-tier structure.[5] Single and lower-tier municipalities are grouped together as local municipalities.[6] Of Ontario's 444 municipalities, 30 of them are upper-tier municipalities and 414 are local municipalities—241 lower-tier municipalities and 173 single-tier municipalities.

The Municipal Act, 2001 is the legislation that enables incorporation and stipulates governance of Ontario's municipalities, excluding the City of Toronto, which is subject to the City of Toronto Act, 2006.[7] The Municipal Act, 2001 provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to incorporate as cities, towns, villages, townships, or generically as municipalities.[5][8] There are no minimum population thresholds or other requirements for these municipal sub-types. A municipality can change its status to any of these so long as its resulting name is not being used by another municipality.[9] For upper-tier municipalities, the act provides them with the authority to incorporate as counties, regions and district municipalities.[5][8]

Ontario's largest municipality by population is the City of Toronto with 2,731,571 residents, while the largest by land area is the City of Greater Sudbury at 3,228.35 km2 (1,246.47 sq mi).[4] The City of Ottawa, Canada's capital city, is the province's second-most populous municipality with 934,243 residents.[4] Ontario's smallest municipality by population is the Township of Cockburn Island with 0 residents,[b] while the smallest by land area is the Village of Westport at 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi).[4] The first community to incorporate as a municipality in Ontario was Brockville in 1832.[11]

Upper-tier municipalities

Ontario's upper-tier municipalities among other census divisions from the 2011 federal census
Ontario's upper-tier municipalities represent 30 of its 49 census divisions.

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines upper-municipality as "a municipality of which two or more lower-tier municipalities form part for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 30 upper-tier municipalities that comprise multiple lower-tier municipalities,[8] which have a total population of 6,622,900, a total land area of 87,449.74 km2 (33,764.53 sq mi). These upper-tier municipalities include 19 counties, 3 united counties and 8 regional municipalities[c] or regions, all of which represent 30 of Ontario's 49 census divisions.[6][12] Regional governments are responsible for arterial roads, health services, policing, region-wide land use planning and development, sewer and water systems, social services, transit, and waste disposal, whereas county governments have the lesser responsibilities of arterial roads, county land use planning, health services, and social services.[8]

Name[13]Municipal
sub-type[6]
2016 Census of Population[12]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
ChangeLand area
(km²)
Population
density
Bruce[d]County66,49164,709+2.8%3984.8216.7/km2
DufferinCounty61,73556,881+8.5%1,486.4441.5/km2
Durham[e]Regional municipality645,731608,031+6.2%2521.23256.1/km2
Elgin[f]County50,06949,556+1.0%1,845.427.1/km2
Essex[g]County181,530177,720+2.1%1,662.73109.2/km2
Frontenac[h]County26,67726,390+1.1%3,336.578.0/km2
GreyCounty93,83092,568+1.4%4,513.5020.8/km2
HaliburtonCounty18,06217,056+5.9%4,076.084.4/km2
HaltonRegional municipality548,435501,674+9.3%964.05568.9/km2
Hastings[i]County39,62839,888−0.7%5,291.597.5/km2
HuronCounty59,29759,100+0.3%3,399.2717.4/km2
Lambton[j]County123,399124,623−1.0%2,842.9443.4/km2
Lanark[k]County59,91856,689+5.7%3,025.9819.8/km2
Leeds and Grenville[l]United counties69,81967,958+2.7%3,350.0820.8/km2
Lennox and AddingtonCounty42,88841,809+2.6%2,839.6815.1/km2
Middlesex[m]County71,55170,796+1.1%2,821.0225.4/km2
Muskoka[n]Regional municipality[c]60,39157,807+4.5%3,877.3815.6/km2
NiagaraRegional municipality447,888431,346+3.8%1,854.23241.5/km2
Northumberland[o]County85,10381,657+4.2%1,892.5645.0/km2
OxfordRegional municipality[c]110,862105,719+4.9%2,039.6154.4/km2
PeelRegional municipality1,381,7391,296,809+6.5%1,246.951,108.1/km2
Perth[p]County38,06637,554+1.4%2,177.7917.5/km2
Peterborough[q]County55,78354,786+1.8%3,769.1814.8/km2
Prescott and RussellUnited counties89,33385,381+4.6%2,004.4744.6/km2
Renfrew[r]County88,07286,534+1.8%7,426.211.9/km2
Simcoe[s]County305,516277,262+10.2%4,273.6971.5/km2
Stormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
[t]
United counties65,35364,824+0.8%3,236.4520.2/km2
WaterlooRegional municipality535,154507,096+5.5%1,368.92390.9/km2
Wellington[u]County90,93286,672+4.9%2,573.3535.3/km2
York[v]Regional municipality1,109,6481,032,249+7.5%1,747.58635.0/km2
Total upper-tier municipalities6,622,9006,261,144+5.8%87,449.7475.7/km2
Province of Ontario13,448,49412,851,821+4.6%908,699.3314.8/km2

Local municipalities

Distribution of Ontario's single-tier and lower-tier municipalities
Distribution of Ontario's 173 single-tier and 241 lower-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines local municipality as "a single-tier municipality or a lower-tier municipality".[6] Combined, Ontario has 414 local municipalities comprising 173 single-tier municipalities and 241 lower-tier municipalities. The 414 local municipalities have a total population of 13,357,197, a total land area of 155,673 km2 (60,106 sq mi). These totals represent 99.3% of Ontario's population and 17.1% of its land area.

Single-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a single-tier municipality as "a municipality, other than an upper-tier municipality, that does not form part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] In southern Ontario, single-tier municipalities are either politically separate from but geographically within neighbouring counties or were formed through the amalgamation of upper-tier and lower-tier municipalities. All municipalities in northern Ontario are single-tier municipalities as upper-tier municipalities are not present. Single-tier municipalities provide for all local government services.[8] Ontario has 173 single-tier municipalities comprising 32 cities, 23 municipalities, 28 towns, 85 townships, and 5 villages.

Lower-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a lower-tier municipality as "a municipality that forms part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 241 lower-tier municipalities comprising 19 cities, 41 municipalities, 61 towns, 114 townships and 6 villages.[8] Within regions, they are responsible for providing certain local services that are not provided by the regional municipality.[8] Within counties, they are responsible for providing a wider range of local services since counties as upper-tier municipalities provide fewer local services than regions.[8]

List of local municipalities

Name[13]Municipal
status[13]
Census
subdivision
type[4]
Census
division
[33][34][35]
2016 Census of Population[4]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
ChangeLand area
(km²)
Population
density
Addington HighlandsLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington2,3232,517−7.7%1,328.321.7/km2
Adelaide-MetcalfeLower-tierTownshipMiddlesex2,9903,028−1.3%331.469.0/km2
Adjala-TosorontioLower-tierTownshipSimcoe10,97510,603+3.5%372.3429.5/km2
Admaston/BromleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,9352,844+3.2%524.065.6/km2
AjaxLower-tierTownDurham119,677109,600+9.2%67.001,786.2/km2
AlbertonSingle-tierTownshipRainy River969864+12.2%116.668.3/km2
Alfred and PlantagenetLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell9,6809,196+5.3%392.3124.7/km2
Algonquin HighlandsLower-tierTownshipHaliburton2,3512,186+7.5%1,007.202.3/km2
Alnwick/HaldimandLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland6,8696,617+3.8%398.4517.2/km2
AmaranthLower-tierTownshipDufferin4,0793,963+2.9%264.5815.4/km2
AmherstburgLower-tierTownEssex21,93621,556+1.8%185.61118.2/km2
ArchipelagoThe ArchipelagoSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound531566−6.2%606.140.9/km2
ArmourSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,4141,372+3.1%164.648.6/km2
ArmstrongSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming1,1661,216−4.1%90.2012.9/km2
ArnpriorLower-tierTownRenfrew8,7958,114+8.4%13.07672.9/km2
Arran-ElderslieLower-tierMunicipalityBruce6,8036,810−0.1%460.0714.8/km2
Ashfield-Colborne-WawanoshLower-tierTownshipHuron5,4225,582−2.9%586.979.2/km2
Asphodel-NorwoodLower-tierTownshipPeterborough4,1094,041+1.7%161.0225.5/km2
AssiginackSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin1,013960+5.5%226.724.5/km2
AthensLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville3,0133,118−3.4%127.8823.6/km2
AtikokanSingle-tierTownRainy River2,7532,787−1.2%319.528.6/km2
AugustaLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville7,3537,430−1.0%314.6623.4/km2
AuroraLower-tierTownYork55,44553,203+4.2%49.851,112.2/km2
AylmerLower-tierTownElgin7,4927,151+4.8%6.261,196.8/km2
BaldwinSingle-tierTownshipSudbury605[36]551+9.8%83.207.3/km2
BancroftLower-tierTownHastings3,8813,8800.0%229.5116.9/km2
BarrieSingle-tierCitySimcoe141,434136,063+3.9%99.041,428.0/km2
BayhamLower-tierMunicipalityElgin7,3966,989+5.8%244.9730.2/km2
BeckwithLower-tierTownshipLanark7,6446,986+9.4%240.4731.8/km2
BellevilleSingle-tierCityHastings50,71649,454+2.6%247.25205.1/km2
BillingsSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin603506+19.2%209.642.9/km2
Black River-MathesonSingle-tierTownshipCochrane2,4382,410+1.2%1,163.452.1/km2
Blandford-BlenheimLower-tierTownshipOxford7,3997,359+0.5%382.3319.4/km2
Blind RiverSingle-tierTownAlgoma3,4723,549−2.2%525.656.6/km2
Blue MountainsThe Blue MountainsLower-tierTownGrey7,0256,453+8.9%287.2424.5/km2
BluewaterLower-tierMunicipalityHuron7,1367,044+1.3%417.0017.1/km2
BonfieldSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,9752,016−2.0%208.389.5/km2
Bonnechere ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew3,6743,763−2.4%593.756.2/km2
BracebridgeLower-tierTownMuskoka16,01015,414+3.9%628.2225.5/km2
Bradford West GwillimburyLower-tierTownSimcoe35,32528,077+25.8%201.04175.7/km2
BramptonLower-tierCityPeel593,638523,906+13.3%266.362,228.7/km2
BrantSingle-tierCityBrant36,70735,638+3.0%843.2543.5/km2
BrantfordSingle-tierCityBrant97,49693,650+4.1%72.441,345.9/km2
BrethourSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming97129−24.8%82.081.2/km2
BrightonLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland11,84410,928+8.4%222.7153.2/km2
BrockLower-tierTownshipDurham11,64211,341+2.7%423.3427.5/km2
BrocktonLower-tierMunicipalityBruce9,4619,432+0.3%565.1816.7/km2
BrockvilleSingle-tierCityLeeds and Grenville21,34621,870−2.4%20.851,023.8/km2
Brooke-AlvinstonLower-tierMunicipalityLambton2,4112,548−5.4%311.317.7/km2
Bruce MinesSingle-tierTownAlgoma582566+2.8%6.2293.6/km2
Brudenell, Lyndoch and RaglanLower-tierTownshipRenfrew1,5031,658−9.3%706.242.1/km2
Burk's FallsSingle-tierVillageParry Sound981967+1.4%3.07319.5/km2
BurlingtonLower-tierCityHalton183,314175,779+4.3%185.66987.4/km2
Burpee and MillsSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin343308+11.4%218.491.6/km2
CaledonLower-tierTownPeel66,50259,460+11.8%688.1696.6/km2
CallanderSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound3,8633,8640.0%105.9836.5/km2
CalvinSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing516568−9.2%140.983.7/km2
CambridgeLower-tierCityWaterloo129,920126,748+2.5%113.011,149.6/km2
Carleton PlaceLower-tierTownLanark10,6449,809+8.5%9.051,176.1/km2
CarlingSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,1251,248−9.9%248.854.5/km2
Carlow/MayoLower-tierTownshipHastings864892−3.1%390.792.2/km2
CaseySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming368374−1.6%80.864.6/km2
CasselmanLower-tierVillagePrescott and Russell3,5483,626−2.2%5.12693.0/km2
Cavan-MonaghanLower-tierTownshipPeterborough8,8298,601+2.7%306.3328.8/km2
Central ElginLower-tierMunicipalityElgin12,60712,743−1.1%280.3345.0/km2
Central FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac4,3734,556−4.0%1,025.204.3/km2
Central HuronLower-tierMunicipalityHuron7,5767,586−0.1%449.5816.9/km2
Central ManitoulinSingle-tierMunicipalityManitoulin2,0841,958+6.4%431.114.8/km2
Centre HastingsLower-tierMunicipalityHastings4,7744,574+4.4%222.8621.4/km2
Centre WellingtonLower-tierTownshipWellington28,19126,693+5.6%407.5469.2/km2
ChamberlainSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming332297+11.8%110.593.0/km2
ChamplainLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell8,7068,573+1.6%207.2742.0/km2
ChapleauSingle-tierTownshipSudbury1,9642,116−7.2%14.22138.1/km2
ChappleSingle-tierTownshipRainy River638741−13.9%527.941.2/km2
Charlton and DackSingle-tierMunicipalityTimiskaming686671+2.2%92.727.4/km2
Chatham-KentSingle-tierMunicipalityChatham-Kent101,647103,671−2.0%2,457.9041.4/km2
ChatsworthLower-tierTownshipGrey6,6306,437+3.0%596.1911.1/km2
ChisholmSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,2911,263+2.2%206.736.2/km2
Clarence-RocklandLower-tierCityPrescott and Russell24,51223,185+5.7%297.7182.3/km2
ClaringtonLower-tierMunicipalityDurham92,01384,548+8.8%611.40150.5/km2
ClearviewLower-tierTownshipSimcoe14,15113,734+3.0%557.1025.4/km2
CobaltSingle-tierTownTimiskaming1,1281,133−0.4%2.08542.3/km2
CobourgLower-tierTownNorthumberland19,44018,519+5.0%22.36869.4/km2
CochraneSingle-tierTownCochrane5,3215,340−0.4%539.129.9/km2
Cockburn IslandSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin00[b]NA171.040.0/km2
ColemanSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming595597−0.3%178.893.3/km2
CollingwoodLower-tierTownSimcoe21,79319,241+13.3%33.78645.1/km2
ConmeeSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay819764+7.2%169.134.8/km2
CornwallSingle-tierCityStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
46,58946,340+0.5%61.56756.8/km2
CramaheLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland6,3556,073+4.6%202.1631.4/km2
Dawn-EuphemiaLower-tierTownshipLambton1,9672,049−4.0%445.124.4/km2
DawsonSingle-tierTownshipRainy River468563−16.9%339.501.4/km2
Deep RiverLower-tierTownRenfrew4,1094,193−2.0%50.1382.0/km2
DeserontoLower-tierTownHastings1,7741,835−3.3%2.51706.8/km2
DorionSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay316338−6.5%212.111.5/km2
Douro-DummerLower-tierTownshipPeterborough6,7096,805−1.4%458.9514.6/km2
Drummond/North ElmsleyLower-tierTownshipLanark7,7737,487+3.8%366.1321.2/km2
DrydenSingle-tierCityKenora7,7497,617+1.7%66.19117.1/km2
DubreuilvilleSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma613635−3.5%89.506.8/km2
Dutton/DunwichLower-tierMunicipalityElgin3,8663,876−0.3%294.5813.1/km2
Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt,
Guilford, Harburn, Bruton,
Havelock, Eyre and Clyde
Lower-tierMunicipalityHaliburton6,2805,966+5.3%1,485.984.2/km2
Ear FallsSingle-tierTownshipKenora9951,026−3.0%330.963.0/km2
East FerrisSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing4,7504,766−0.3%155.1730.6/km2
East GarafraxaLower-tierTownshipDufferin2,5792,595−0.6%166.0715.5/km2
East GwillimburyLower-tierTownYork23,99122,473+6.8%245.0497.9/km2
East HawkesburyLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell3,2963,335−1.2%235.0114.0/km2
East Zorra-TavistockLower-tierTownshipOxford7,1296,836+4.3%242.3029.4/km2
Edwardsburgh/CardinalLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville7,0936,959+1.9%311.2522.8/km2
Elizabethtown-KitleyLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville9,8549,724+1.3%557.7117.7/km2
Elliot LakeSingle-tierCityAlgoma10,74111,348−5.3%714.6515.0/km2
EmoSingle-tierTownshipRainy River1,3331,252+6.5%203.096.6/km2
EnglehartSingle-tierTownTimiskaming1,4791,519−2.6%3.02489.7/km2
EnniskillenLower-tierTownshipLambton2,7962,930−4.6%338.168.3/km2
ErinLower-tierTownWellington11,43910,770+6.2%297.7638.4/km2
EspanolaSingle-tierTownSudbury5,048[36]5,364−5.9%82.8261.0/km2
EssaLower-tierTownshipSimcoe21,08318,505+13.9%280.0375.3/km2
EssexLower-tierTownEssex20,42719,600+4.2%277.9773.5/km2
EvanturelSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming449452−0.7%89.315.0/km2
FaradayLower-tierTownshipHastings1,4011,468−4.6%219.626.4/km2
Fauquier-StricklandSingle-tierTownshipCochrane536530+1.1%1,013.250.5/km2
Fort ErieLower-tierTownNiagara30,71029,960+2.5%166.27184.7/km2
Fort FrancesSingle-tierTownRainy River7,7397,952−2.7%25.51303.4/km2
French RiverSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury2,6622,442+9.0%735.483.6/km2
Front of YongeLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville2,6072,752−5.3%128.4720.3/km2
Frontenac IslandsLower-tierTownshipFrontenac1,7601,864−5.6%175.0410.1/km2
GananoqueSingle-tierTownLeeds and Grenville5,1595,194−0.7%7.03733.9/km2
GauthierSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming138123+12.2%88.411.6/km2
Georgian BayLower-tierTownshipMuskoka2,4992,482+0.7%547.614.6/km2
Georgian BluffsLower-tierTownshipGrey10,47910,404+0.7%604.3717.3/km2
GeorginaLower-tierTownYork45,41843,517+4.4%287.75157.8/km2
GilliesSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay474473+0.2%93.055.1/km2
GoderichLower-tierTownHuron7,6287,526+1.4%8.64882.9/km2
Gordon/Barrie IslandSingle-tierMunicipalityManitoulin490526−6.8%267.771.8/km2
Gore BaySingle-tierTownManitoulin867850+2.0%5.23165.8/km2
Grand ValleyLower-tierTownDufferin2,9562,726+8.4%158.2318.7/km2
GravenhurstLower-tierTownMuskoka12,31112,055+2.1%518.0623.8/km2
Greater MadawaskaLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,5182,485+1.3%1,035.592.4/km2
Greater NapaneeLower-tierTownLennox and Addington15,89215,511+2.5%461.1734.5/km2
Greater SudburySingle-tierCityGreater Sudbury161,531160,274+0.8%3,228.3550.0/km2
GreenstoneSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay4,6364,724−1.9%2,767.191.7/km2
Grey HighlandsLower-tierMunicipalityGrey9,8049,520+3.0%882.5111.1/km2
GrimsbyLower-tierTownNiagara27,31425,325+7.9%68.93396.3/km2
Guelph/EramosaLower-tierTownshipWellington12,85412,380+3.8%291.6744.1/km2
GuelphSingle-tierCityWellington131,794121,688+8.3%87.221,511.1/km2
HaldimandSingle-tierCityHaldimand-Norfolk45,60844,876+1.6%1,251.5436.4/km2
Halton HillsLower-tierTownHalton61,16159,013+3.6%276.27221.4/km2
HamiltonSingle-tierCityHamilton536,917519,949+3.3%1,117.29480.6/km2
HamiltonLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland10,94210,702+2.2%256.0842.7/km2
HanoverLower-tierTownGrey7,6887,490+2.6%9.80784.5/km2
HarleySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming551539+2.2%92.306.0/km2
HarrisSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming545523+4.2%49.8810.9/km2
Hastings HighlandsLower-tierMunicipalityHastings4,0784,168−2.2%972.354.2/km2
Havelock-Belmont-MethuenLower-tierTownshipPeterborough4,5304,523+0.2%542.738.3/km2
HawkesburyLower-tierTownPrescott and Russell10,26310,551−2.7%9.621,066.8/km2
Head, Clara and MariaLower-tierTownshipRenfrew248235+5.5%728.380.3/km2
HearstSingle-tierTownCochrane5,0705,090−0.4%98.5251.5/km2
Highlands EastLower-tierMunicipalityHaliburton3,3433,249+2.9%704.634.7/km2
HilliardSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming223204+9.3%91.382.4/km2
HiltonSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma307261+17.6%115.822.7/km2
Hilton BeachSingle-tierVillageAlgoma171145+17.9%2.6265.3/km2
HornepayneSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma9801,050−6.7%204.074.8/km2
HortonLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,8872,719+6.2%158.5118.2/km2
HowickLower-tierTownshipHuron3,8733,856+0.4%287.0613.5/km2
HudsonSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming503476+5.7%90.375.6/km2
HuntsvilleLower-tierTownMuskoka19,81619,056+4.0%710.0127.9/km2
Huron EastLower-tierMunicipalityHuron9,1389,264−1.4%669.2213.7/km2
Huron ShoresSingle-tierMunicipalityAlgoma1,6641,723−3.4%457.353.6/km2
Huron-KinlossLower-tierTownshipBruce7,0696,790+4.1%440.7616.0/km2
IgnaceSingle-tierTownshipKenora1,2021,2020.0%72.8216.5/km2
IngersollLower-tierTownOxford12,75712,146+5.0%12.751,000.5/km2
InnisfilLower-tierTownSimcoe36,56632,727+11.7%262.71139.2/km2
Iroquois FallsSingle-tierTownCochrane4,5374,595−1.3%600.017.6/km2
JamesSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming420424−0.9%86.364.9/km2
JocelynSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma313237+32.1%131.452.4/km2
JohnsonSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma751750+0.1%120.276.2/km2
JolySingle-tierTownshipParry Sound304284+7.0%194.731.6/km2
KapuskasingSingle-tierTownCochrane8,2928,196+1.2%84.3798.3/km2
Kawartha LakesSingle-tierCityKawartha Lakes75,42373,219+3.0%3,084.3824.5/km2
KearneySingle-tierTownParry Sound882841+4.9%532.001.7/km2
KenoraSingle-tierCityKenora15,09615,348−1.6%211.5971.3/km2
KernsSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming358359−0.3%90.643.9/km2
Killaloe, Hagarty and RichardsLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,4202,402+0.7%396.806.1/km2
KillarneySingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury386505−23.6%1,653.320.2/km2
KincardineLower-tierMunicipalityBruce11,38911,174+1.9%537.9421.2/km2
KingLower-tierTownshipYork24,51219,899+23.2%333.2573.6/km2
KingstonSingle-tierCityFrontenac123,798123,363+0.4%451.19274.4/km2
KingsvilleLower-tierTownEssex21,55221,362+0.9%246.8387.3/km2
Kirkland LakeSingle-tierTownTimiskaming7,9818,493−6.0%262.1330.4/km2
KitchenerLower-tierCityWaterloo233,222219,153+6.4%136.771,705.2/km2
La ValleeSingle-tierTownshipRainy River938988−5.1%237.843.9/km2
LairdSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,0471,057−0.9%102.4810.2/km2
Lake of BaysLower-tierTownshipMuskoka3,1673,476−8.9%677.914.7/km2
Lake of the WoodsSingle-tierTownshipRainy River230296−22.3%751.310.3/km2
LakeshoreLower-tierTownEssex36,61134,546+6.0%530.3369.0/km2
Lambton ShoresLower-tierMunicipalityLambton10,63110,656−0.2%331.2032.1/km2
Lanark HighlandsLower-tierTownshipLanark5,3385,128+4.1%1,048.835.1/km2
Larder LakeSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming730684+6.7%229.523.2/km2
LaSalleLower-tierTownEssex30,18028,643+5.4%65.35461.8/km2
LatchfordSingle-tierTownTimiskaming313387−19.1%153.532.0/km2
Laurentian HillsLower-tierTownRenfrew2,9612,811+5.3%642.034.6/km2
Laurentian ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew9,3879,657−2.8%551.4317.0/km2
LeamingtonLower-tierMunicipalityEssex27,59528,403−2.8%262.01105.3/km2
Leeds and the Thousand IslandsLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville9,4659,277+2.0%612.4515.5/km2
LimerickLower-tierTownshipHastings346352−1.7%205.371.7/km2
LincolnLower-tierTownNiagara23,78722,487+5.8%162.81146.1/km2
LondonSingle-tierCityMiddlesex383,822366,151+4.8%420.35913.1/km2
LoyalistLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington16,97116,221+4.6%341.0249.8/km2
Lucan BiddulphLower-tierTownshipMiddlesex4,7004,338+8.3%169.1427.8/km2
Macdonald, Meredith and
Aberdeen Additional
Single-tierTownshipAlgoma1,6091,464+9.9%164.059.8/km2
MacharSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound882923−4.4%184.354.8/km2
MachinSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora971935+3.9%291.813.3/km2
Madawaska ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew4,1234,282−3.7%672.516.1/km2
MadocLower-tierTownshipHastings2,0782,166−4.1%277.977.5/km2
MagnetawanSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound1,3901,454−4.4%531.532.6/km2
MalahideLower-tierTownshipElgin9,2929,146+1.6%395.0523.5/km2
ManitouwadgeSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,9372,105−8.0%352.075.5/km2
MapletonLower-tierTownshipWellington10,5279,989+5.4%534.8719.7/km2
MarathonSingle-tierTownThunder Bay3,2733,353−2.4%170.5419.2/km2
MarkhamLower-tierCityYork328,966301,709+9.0%212.351,549.2/km2
Markstay-WarrenSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury2,6562,297+15.6%512.785.2/km2
Marmora and LakeLower-tierMunicipalityHastings3,9534,074−3.0%557.087.1/km2
MatachewanSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming225409−45.0%543.580.4/km2
MattawaSingle-tierTownNipissing1,9932,023−1.5%3.66544.5/km2
MattawanSingle-tierTownshipNipissing161162−0.6%201.000.8/km2
Mattice-Val CôtéSingle-tierTownshipCochrane648686−5.5%414.001.6/km2
McDougallSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound2,7022,705−0.1%268.4810.1/km2
McGarrySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming609595+2.4%86.677.0/km2
McKellarSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,1111,144−2.9%180.886.1/km2
McMurrich/MonteithSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound824779+5.8%277.923.0/km2
McNab/BraesideLower-tierTownshipRenfrew7,1787,371−2.6%255.7628.1/km2
MeafordLower-tierMunicipalityGrey10,99111,100−1.0%588.5718.7/km2
MelancthonLower-tierTownshipDufferin3,0082,839+6.0%310.799.7/km2
Merrickville-WolfordLower-tierVillageLeeds and Grenville3,0672,850+7.6%214.5514.3/km2
Middlesex CentreLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex17,26216,487+4.7%588.1129.4/km2
MidlandLower-tierTownSimcoe16,86416,572+1.8%35.34477.2/km2
MiltonLower-tierTownHalton110,12884,362+30.5%363.22303.2/km2
Minden HillsLower-tierTownshipHaliburton6,0885,655+7.7%878.276.9/km2
MintoLower-tierTownWellington8,6718,334+4.0%300.6928.8/km2
MississaugaLower-tierCityPeel721,599713,443+1.1%292.432,467.6/km2
Mississippi MillsLower-tierTownLanark13,16312,385+6.3%519.5825.3/km2
MonoLower-tierTownDufferin8,6097,546+14.1%277.8331.0/km2
MontagueLower-tierTownshipLanark3,7613,483+8.0%279.6613.4/km2
MoonbeamSingle-tierTownshipCochrane1,2311,101+11.8%235.585.2/km2
MoosoneeSingle-tierTownCochrane1,4811,725−14.1%546.722.7/km2
MorleySingle-tierTownshipRainy River481508−5.3%390.611.2/km2
Morris-TurnberryLower-tierMunicipalityHuron3,4963,413+2.4%376.569.3/km2
MulmurLower-tierTownshipDufferin3,4783,391+2.6%286.7712.1/km2
Muskoka LakesLower-tierTownshipMuskoka6,5886,707−1.8%794.268.3/km2
Nairn and HymanSingle-tierTownshipSudbury342477−28.3%160.822.1/km2
NationThe NationLower-tierMunicipalityPrescott and Russell12,80811,668+9.8%658.3219.5/km2
NeebingSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay2,0551,986+3.5%877.272.3/km2
New TecumsethLower-tierTownSimcoe34,24230,234+13.3%274.21124.9/km2
NewburyLower-tierVillageMiddlesex466447+4.3%1.77263.3/km2
NewmarketLower-tierTownYork84,22479,978+5.3%38.452,190.5/km2
Niagara FallsLower-tierCityNiagara88,07182,997+6.1%209.73419.9/km2
Niagara-on-the-LakeLower-tierTownNiagara17,51115,400+13.7%132.81131.9/km2
NipigonSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,6421,631+0.7%109.1115.0/km2
NipissingSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,7071,704+0.2%393.804.3/km2
NorfolkSingle-tierCityHaldimand-Norfolk64,04463,175+1.4%1,607.5539.8/km2
North Algona WilberforceLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,9152,873+1.5%378.987.7/km2
North BaySingle-tierCityNipissing51,55353,651−3.9%319.11161.6/km2
North DumfriesLower-tierTownshipWaterloo10,2159,334+9.4%187.4354.5/km2
North DundasLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
11,27811,225+0.5%503.0822.4/km2
North FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac1,8981,857+2.2%1,164.771.6/km2
North GlengarryLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
10,10910,251−1.4%643.4615.7/km2
North GrenvilleLower-tierMunicipalityLeeds and Grenville16,45115,085+9.1%352.1846.7/km2
North HuronLower-tierTownshipHuron4,9324,884+1.0%178.8227.6/km2
North KawarthaLower-tierTownshipPeterborough2,4792,289+8.3%776.013.2/km2
North MiddlesexLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex6,3526,658−4.6%597.8810.6/km2
North PerthLower-tierMunicipalityPerth13,13012,631+4.0%493.1426.6/km2
North ShoreThe North ShoreSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma497509−2.4%239.082.1/km2
North StormontLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
6,8736,775+1.4%515.9113.3/km2
Northeastern Manitoulin
and the Islands
Single-tierMunicipalityManitoulin2,7122,706+0.2%496.095.5/km2
Northern Bruce PeninsulaLower-tierMunicipalityBruce3,9993,744+6.8%783.995.1/km2
NorwichLower-tierTownshipOxford11,00110,721+2.6%431.2725.5/km2
OakvilleLower-tierTownHalton193,832182,520+6.2%138.891,395.6/km2
O'ConnorSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay663685−3.2%108.786.1/km2
Oil SpringsLower-tierVillageLambton648704−8.0%8.1979.1/km2
Oliver PaipoongeSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay5,9225,732+3.3%350.9116.9/km2
OpasatikaSingle-tierTownshipCochrane226214+5.6%330.440.7/km2
OrangevilleLower-tierTownDufferin28,90027,975+3.3%15.611,851.4/km2
OrilliaSingle-tierCitySimcoe31,16630,586+1.9%28.581,090.5/km2
Oro-MedonteLower-tierTownshipSimcoe21,03620,078+4.8%587.0835.8/km2
OshawaLower-tierCityDurham159,458149,607+6.6%145.641,094.9/km2
Otonabee-South MonaghanLower-tierTownshipPeterborough6,6706,581+1.4%347.1319.2/km2
OttawaSingle-tierCityOttawa934,243883,391+5.8%2,790.30334.8/km2
Owen SoundLower-tierCityGrey21,34121,688−1.6%24.27879.3/km2
Papineau-CameronSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,016978+3.9%566.391.8/km2
Parry SoundSingle-tierTownParry Sound6,4086,191+3.5%13.40478.2/km2
PeleeSingle-tierTownshipEssex235171+37.4%41.795.6/km2
PelhamLower-tierTownNiagara17,11016,598+3.1%126.43135.3/km2
PembrokeSingle-tierCityRenfrew13,88214,360−3.3%14.56953.4/km2
PenetanguisheneLower-tierTownSimcoe8,9629,111−1.6%25.58350.4/km2
PerrySingle-tierTownshipParry Sound2,4542,317+5.9%187.2213.1/km2
PerthLower-tierTownLanark5,9305,840+1.5%12.25484.1/km2
Perth EastLower-tierTownshipPerth12,26112,011+2.1%712.1417.2/km2
Perth SouthLower-tierTownshipPerth3,8103,993−4.6%393.149.7/km2
PetawawaLower-tierTownRenfrew17,18715,988+7.5%166.69103.1/km2
PeterboroughSingle-tierCityPeterborough81,03278,777+2.9%64.251,261.2/km2
PetroliaLower-tierTownLambton5,7425,528+3.9%12.68452.8/km2
PickeringLower-tierCityDurham91,77188,721+3.4%231.55396.3/km2
Pickle LakeSingle-tierTownshipKenora388425−8.7%252.181.5/km2
Plummer AdditionalSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma660650+1.5%220.303.0/km2
Plympton-WyomingLower-tierTownLambton7,7957,576+2.9%318.7824.5/km2
Point EdwardLower-tierVillageLambton2,0372,034+0.1%3.28621.0/km2
Port ColborneLower-tierCityNiagara18,30618,424−0.6%121.96150.1/km2
Port HopeLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland16,75316,214+3.3%278.8760.1/km2
PowassanSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound3,4553,378+2.3%224.5615.4/km2
PrescottSingle-tierTownLeeds and Grenville4,2224,284−1.4%4.93856.4/km2
PrinceSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,0101,031−2.0%85.3011.8/km2
Prince EdwardSingle-tierCityPrince Edward24,73525,258−2.1%1,050.4923.5/km2
PuslinchLower-tierTownshipWellington7,3367,029+4.4%214.6234.2/km2
Quinte WestSingle-tierCityHastings43,57743,086+1.1%494.0288.2/km2
Rainy RiverSingle-tierTownRainy River807842−4.2%3.11259.5/km2
RamaraLower-tierTownshipSimcoe9,4889,275+2.3%418.8222.7/km2
Red LakeSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora4,1074,670−12.1%610.066.7/km2
Red RockSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay895942−5.0%62.2114.4/km2
RenfrewLower-tierTownRenfrew8,2238,218+0.1%12.78643.4/km2
Richmond HillLower-tierCityYork195,022185,541+5.1%101.111,928.8/km2
Rideau LakesLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville10,32610,207+1.2%729.2214.2/km2
RussellLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell16,52015,247+8.3%199.1183.0/km2
RyersonSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound648634+2.2%187.923.4/km2
Sables-Spanish RiversSingle-tierTownshipSudbury3,188[36]3,075+3.7%815.213.9/km2
SarniaLower-tierCityLambton71,59472,366−1.1%164.85434.3/km2
Saugeen ShoresLower-tierTownBruce13,71512,661+8.3%171.0580.2/km2
Sault Ste. MarieSingle-tierCityAlgoma73,36875,141−2.4%223.24328.7/km2
SchreiberSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,0591,126−6.0%36.8028.8/km2
ScugogLower-tierTownshipDurham21,61721,569+0.2%474.7145.5/km2
SeguinSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound4,3043,988+7.9%595.687.2/km2
SelwynLower-tierTownshipPeterborough17,06016,846+1.3%315.6954.0/km2
SevernLower-tierTownshipSimcoe13,47712,377+8.9%549.7524.5/km2
ShelburneLower-tierTownDufferin8,1265,846+39.0%6.561,238.7/km2
ShuniahSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay2,7982,737+2.2%570.994.9/km2
Sioux LookoutSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora5,2725,037+4.7%378.1213.9/km2
Sioux Narrows-Nestor FallsSingle-tierTownshipKenora567720−21.3%1,223.120.5/km2
Smiths FallsSingle-tierTownLanark8,7808,978−2.2%9.66908.9/km2
Smooth Rock FallsSingle-tierTownCochrane1,3301,376−3.3%200.106.6/km2
South AlgonquinSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,0961,211−9.5%873.431.3/km2
South Bruce PeninsulaLower-tierTownBruce8,4168,4130.0%532.2915.8/km2
South BruceLower-tierMunicipalityBruce5,6395,685−0.8%487.4811.6/km2
South DundasLower-tierMunicipalityStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
10,83310,794+0.4%521.0620.8/km2
South FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac18,64618,113+2.9%971.5619.2/km2
South GlengarryLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
13,15013,162−0.1%605.3621.7/km2
South HuronLower-tierMunicipalityHuron10,0969,945+1.5%425.4123.7/km2
South RiverSingle-tierVillageParry Sound1,1141,049+6.2%4.15268.4/km2
South StormontLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
13,11012,617+3.9%447.5829.3/km2
SouthgateLower-tierTownshipGrey7,3547,190+2.3%644.3811.4/km2
Southwest MiddlesexLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex5,7235,860−2.3%427.8813.4/km2
South-West OxfordLower-tierTownshipOxford7,6647,544+1.6%370.7320.7/km2
SouthwoldLower-tierTownshipElgin4,4214,494−1.6%301.7414.7/km2
SpanishSingle-tierTownAlgoma712696+2.3%108.676.6/km2
SpringwaterLower-tierTownshipSimcoe19,05918,223+4.6%536.2835.5/km2
St. CatharinesLower-tierCityNiagara133,113131,400+1.3%96.131,384.7/km2
St. CharlesSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury1,2691,282−1.0%321.753.9/km2
St. ClairLower-tierTownshipLambton14,08614,515−3.0%619.1722.7/km2
St. JosephSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,2401,201+3.2%129.129.6/km2
St. MarysSingle-tierTownPerth7,2656,655+9.2%12.45583.5/km2
St. ThomasSingle-tierCityElgin38,90937,905+2.6%35.631,092.0/km2
Stirling-RawdonLower-tierTownshipHastings4,8824,978−1.9%282.3317.3/km2
Stone MillsLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington7,7027,560+1.9%709.1710.9/km2
StratfordSingle-tierCityPerth31,46530,903+1.8%28.281,112.6/km2
Strathroy-CaradocLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex20,86720,978−0.5%270.7777.1/km2
StrongSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,4391,341+7.3%159.939.0/km2
SundridgeSingle-tierVillageParry Sound961985−2.4%2.30417.8/km2
TarbuttSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma534396+34.8%52.8210.1/km2
TayLower-tierTownshipSimcoe10,0339,736+3.1%139.0772.1/km2
Tay ValleyLower-tierTownshipLanark5,6655,571+1.7%550.0110.3/km2
TecumsehLower-tierTownEssex23,22923,610−1.6%94.64245.4/km2
TehkummahSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin436406+7.4%132.693.3/km2
TemagamiSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing802840−4.5%1,905.920.4/km2
Temiskaming ShoresSingle-tierCityTimiskaming9,92010,400−4.6%178.1155.7/km2
Terrace BaySingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,6111,471+9.5%152.8210.5/km2
Thames CentreLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex13,19113,000+1.5%433.9930.4/km2
ThessalonSingle-tierTownAlgoma1,2861,279+0.5%4.52284.5/km2
ThornloeSingle-tierVillageTimiskaming112123−8.9%6.5917.0/km2
ThoroldLower-tierCityNiagara18,80117,931+4.9%82.99226.5/km2
Thunder BaySingle-tierCityThunder Bay107,909108,359−0.4%328.36328.6/km2
TillsonburgLower-tierTownOxford15,87215,301+3.7%22.33710.8/km2
TimminsSingle-tierCityCochrane41,78843,165−3.2%2,978.8314.0/km2
TinyLower-tierTownshipSimcoe11,78711,232+4.9%336.9335.0/km2
Toronto[w]Single-tier[w]CityToronto2,731,5712,615,060+4.5%630.204,334.5/km2
Trent HillsLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland12,90012,604+2.3%511.9525.2/km2
Trent LakesLower-tierMunicipalityPeterborough5,3975,100+5.8%861.326.3/km2
Tudor and CashelLower-tierTownshipHastings5865860.0%445.661.3/km2
TweedLower-tierMunicipalityHastings6,0446,057−0.2%953.476.3/km2
TyendinagaLower-tierTownshipHastings4,2974,150+3.5%312.9213.7/km2
UxbridgeLower-tierTownshipDurham21,17620,623+2.7%420.9550.3/km2
Val Rita-HartySingle-tierTownshipCochrane762817−6.7%381.182.0/km2
VaughanLower-tierCityYork306,233288,301+6.2%273.561,119.4/km2
WainfleetLower-tierTownshipNiagara6,3726,356+0.3%217.3129.3/km2
WarwickLower-tierTownshipLambton3,6923,717−0.7%290.2012.7/km2
Wasaga BeachLower-tierTownSimcoe20,67517,537+17.9%58.64352.6/km2
WaterlooLower-tierCityWaterloo104,98698,780+6.3%64.021,639.9/km2
WawaSingle-tierMunicipalityAlgoma2,9052,975−2.4%416.217.0/km2
WellandLower-tierCityNiagara52,29350,631+3.3%81.04645.3/km2
WellesleyLower-tierTownshipWaterloo11,26010,713+5.1%277.7640.5/km2
Wellington NorthLower-tierTownshipWellington11,91411,477+3.8%526.2122.6/km2
West ElginLower-tierMunicipalityElgin4,9955,157−3.1%322.4815.5/km2
West GreyLower-tierMunicipalityGrey12,51812,286+1.9%876.1614.3/km2
West LincolnLower-tierTownshipNiagara14,50013,837+4.8%387.8137.4/km2
West NipissingSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing14,36414,149+1.5%1,993.637.2/km2
West PerthLower-tierMunicipalityPerth8,8658,919−0.6%579.3615.3/km2
WestportLower-tierVillageLeeds and Grenville590628−6.1%1.68351.2/km2
WhitbyLower-tierTownDurham128,377122,022+5.2%146.66875.3/km2
Whitchurch-StouffvilleLower-tierTownYork45,83737,628+21.8%206.22222.3/km2
White RiverSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma645607+6.3%96.786.7/km2
WhitestoneSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound916918−0.2%957.931.0/km2
Whitewater RegionLower-tierTownshipRenfrew7,0096,921+1.3%539.5113.0/km2
WilmotLower-tierTownshipWaterloo20,54519,223+6.9%263.7877.9/km2
WindsorSingle-tierCityEssex217,188210,891+3.0%146.381,483.7/km2
WollastonLower-tierTownshipHastings670708−5.4%219.143.1/km2
WoodstockLower-tierCityOxford40,90237,754+8.3%48.97835.2/km2
WoolwichLower-tierTownshipWaterloo25,00623,145+8.0%326.1576.7/km2
ZorraLower-tierTownshipOxford8,1388,058+1.0%528.9415.4/km2
Total local (single and lower-tier) municipalities13,357,20812,764,756+4.6%155,672.5685.8/km2
Province of Ontario13,448,49412,851,821+4.6%908,699.3314.8/km2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Although Ontario is the third-largest province in land area, it is second-largest in total area after accounting for its freshwater area.[1]
  2. ^ a b Although the Township of Cockburn Island's population is published as 0 by Statistics Canada, 1 of its 79 private dwellings was occupied by usual residents. To protect privacy, Statistics Canada has rounded Cockburn Island's actual population to the nearest 5, which in this case is 0.[10] Its seasonal summer population is much higher.
  3. ^ a b c Though Muskoka and Oxford are officially named the District Municipality of Muskoka and the County of Oxford respectively, both are actually regional municipalities per the definition of "regional municipality" in Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001, which states that a regional municipality "means an upper-tier municipality that was a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford on December 31, 2002".[6]
  4. ^ Demographic information excludes the Saugeen 29 and Neyaashiinigmiing 27 Indian Reserves.[14]
  5. ^ Demographic information excludes the Mississaugas of Scugog Island Indian Reserve.[15]
  6. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of St. Thomas which is independent of Elgin County but included in the Elgin County Census Division.[16]
  7. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Windsor and the township of Pelee which are independent of Essex County but included in the Essex County Census Division.[17]
  8. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Kingston which is independent of Frontenac County but included in the Frontenac County Census Division.[18]
  9. ^ Demographic information excludes the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory Indian Reserve, and the cities of Belleville and Quinte West which are independent of Hastings County but included in the Hastings County Census Division.[19]
  10. ^ Demographic information excludes the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation, Aamjiwnaang First Nation, and Walpole Island Indian Reserves which are independent of Lambton County but included in the Lambton County Census Division. Walpole Island was incompletely enumerated in the 2011 census and population figures are not included in the 2011 population.[20]
  11. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Smiths Falls which is independent of Lanark County but included in the Lanark County Census Division.[21]
  12. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Brockville and towns of Gananoque and Prescott which are independent of Leeds and Grenville but included in the Leeds and Grenville Census Division.[22]
  13. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of London and the Chippewas of the Thames 42, Munsee-Delaware 1, Oneida 41 Indian Reserves which are independent of Middlesex County but included in the Middlesex County Census Division. Chippewas of the Thames 42 and Oneida 41 were incompletely enumerated in the 2016 census and population figures are not included in the 2016 population.[23]
  14. ^ Demographic information excludes the Moose Point 79 Indian Reserve which is independent of District Municipality of Muskoka but included in the District Municipality of Muskoka Census Division.[24]
  15. ^ Demographic information excludes the Alderville First Nation Indian Reserve which is independent of Northumberland County but included in the Northumberland County Census Division.[25]
  16. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Stratford and Town of St. Marys which are independent of Perth County but included in the Perth County Census Division.[26]
  17. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Peterborough and the Curve Lake First Nation 35 and Hiawatha First Nation Indian Reserves which are independent of Peterborough County but included in the Peterborough County Census Division.[27]
  18. ^ Demographic information excludes the city of Pembroke and the Pikwakanagan (Golden Lake 39) Indian Reserve which are independent of Renfrew County but included in the Renfrew County Census Division.[28]
  19. ^ Demographic information excludes the cities of Barrie and Orillia and the Christian Island 30, Christian Island 30A, and Mnjikaning First Nation 32 Indian Reserves which are independent of Simcoe County but included in the Simcoe County Census Division.[29]
  20. ^ Demographic information exclude the single-tier municipality of Cornwall and the Akwesasne 59 Indian Reserve which are independent of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry but included in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Census Division. Akwesasne 59 was incompletely enumerated in the 2011 census and population figures are not included in the 2011 population.[30]
  21. ^ Demographic information exclude the city of Guelph which is independent of Wellington County but included in the Wellington County Census Division.[31]
  22. ^ Demographic information exclude the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Indian Reserve which is independent of Regional Municipality of York but included in the Regional Municipality of York Census Division.[32]
  23. ^ a b A unique set of legal powers, beyond other single-tier municipalities, is provided by the City of Toronto Act, 2006, SO 2006, c 11, Sch A.

References

  1. ^ "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. ^ "List of Ontario Municipalities". the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d "The Municipal Councillor's Guide" (PDF). Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
  7. ^ "City of Toronto Act, 2006". e-Laws. Government of Ontario. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ontario Municipalities". Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  9. ^ "Town of Markham ready to take another shot at city status". Metro. Free Daily News Group Inc. May 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  10. ^ "Census Profile: Cockburn Island, TP, Ontario (Census subdivision)". Statistics Canada. March 1, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  11. ^ Doug Grant. "A Short History: Brockville – Ontario's First Incorporated Town". City of the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. August 9, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  14. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Bruce County". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  15. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Durham Regional Municipality". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "Elgin County". County of Elgin. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Our Municipalities". County of Essex. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  18. ^ "Township Boundaries" (PDF). County of Frontenac. 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  19. ^ "Member Municipalities". County of Hastings. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  20. ^ "Local Municipalities". County of Lambton. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  21. ^ "Local Municipalities". The County of Lanark. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  22. ^ "Member Municipalities". United Counties of Leeds and Grenville. 2015. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  23. ^ "Municipalities". Middlesex County. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  24. ^ "Long Range Solid Waste Management Plan Environmental Assessment Waste Quantity Projections and Existing Environment Profile". The District Municipality of Muskoka. 2016. p. 16. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  25. ^ "Northumberland County". Northumberland. 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  26. ^ "About Perth County". Perth County. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  27. ^ "Municipalities". County of Peterborough. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  28. ^ "Municipalities". County of Renfrew. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  29. ^ "Municipal Partners". Simcoe County. 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  30. ^ "Municipalities". Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  31. ^ "Local Towns and Townships". County of Wellington. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  32. ^ "Local Municipalities". The Regional Municipality of York. 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  33. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 1 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  34. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 2 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  35. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 3 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  36. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. January 16, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.

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