This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a
governing body for a given
sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective
fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or
continental championships. Some international sports federations like the
International Swimming Federation and the
International Skating Union may oversee multiple activities referred to in common parlance as separate sports: FINA, for example governs swimming, diving, synchronised swimming and water polo as separate 'disciplines' within the single 'sport' of Aquatics.
International sports federations form an integral part of the Olympic and Paralympic movements. Each
Olympic sport is represented by its respective international sport federation, which in turn help administer their respective events during the Games. For a sport to become an Olympic sport, its respective international sport federation must be recognized by the
International Olympic Committee.
Likewise, an international sports federation must be recognized by the
International Paralympic Committee for its sport to become a
paralympic sport, though in the latter case, several Paralympic Sports are governed by a dedicated committee of the International Paralympic Committee itself, under the World Para branding, for example track and field athletics for disabled athletes is governed by the IPC itself, under the name World Para Athletics. Other Paralympic sports are governed within the structure of the able bodied equivalent : for example, the UCI governs both able-bodied and paralympic cycling.