List of dialects of English

The following is a list of dialects of English. Dialects are linguistic varieties which may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, spelling and grammar. For the classification of varieties of English in terms of pronunciation only, see Regional accents of English.

Dialects can be defined as "sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually comprehensible".[1] English speakers from different countries and regions use a variety of different accents (systems of pronunciation), as well as various localized words and grammatical constructions; many different dialects can be identified based on these factors. Dialects can be classified at broader or narrower levels: within a broad national or regional dialect, various more localized sub-dialects can be identified, and so on. The combination of differences in pronunciation and use of local words may make some English dialects almost unintelligible to speakers from other regions.

The major native dialects of English are often divided by linguists into three general categories: the British Isles dialects, those of North America, and those of Australasia.[2] Dialects can be associated not only with place, but also with particular social groups. Within a given English-speaking country, there will often be a form of the language considered to be Standard English – the Standard Englishes of different countries differ, and each can itself be considered a dialect. Standard English is often associated with the more educated layers of society.

List

Europe

England

English language in England:

Scotland

Wales

Isle of Man

Channel Islands

Gibraltar

Ireland

Extinct

North America

North American English

United States

American English:

Canada

Canadian English:

Bermuda

Indigenous North America

Native American English dialects:

  • Mojave English
  • Isletan English
  • Tsimshian English
  • Lumbee English
  • Tohono O'odham English
  • Inupiaq English

Caribbean, Central, and South America

Anguilla

Antigua

The Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Colombia

Falkland Islands

Guyana

Honduras

Jamaica

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  • Vincentian English

Trinidad and Tobago

Asia

Brunei

Burma

Hong Kong

Pakistan

India

Indian English:

Nepal

Malaysia

Philippines

Singapore

Sri Lanka

Africa

Cameroon

Ghana

Kenya

Liberia

Malawi

Namibia

Nigeria

South Africa

South Atlantic

Uganda

Oceania

Australia

Australian English (AusE, AusEng):

New Zealand

New Zealand English (NZE, en-NZ)