List of United States district and territorial courts

There are 94 active United States district and territorial courts. [1] Each of the 50 states has between one and four district courts, and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico each have a district court. The insular areas of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands each have one territorial court; these courts are called "district courts" and exercise the same jurisdiction as district courts, [2] [3] but differ from district courts in that territorial courts are Article IV courts, with judges who serve 10-year terms rather than the lifetime tenure of judges of Article III courts, such as the district court judges. [3]

The district courts were established by Congress under Article III of the United States Constitution. The courts hear civil and criminal cases, and each is paired with a bankruptcy court. [2] Appeals from the district courts are made to one of the 13 courts of appeals, organized geographically. The number of district courts in a court of appeals' circuit varies between one and thirteen, depending on the number of states in the region and the number of districts in each state. The formal naming convention for the district courts is "United States District Court for" followed by the district name. Each district court has one or more meeting places at which it holds hearings and conducts business. Many federal courthouses are named after notable judges, such as the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse in New York City or the Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham. The largest courthouse is the Thomas F. Eagleton United States Courthouse, which serves the Eastern District of Missouri. [4]

The largest courts by number of judges are the Central District of California and the Southern District of New York, each with 28 judgeships. The smallest are the District for the Northern Mariana Islands and the District of Guam, with one judgeship each.

Active courts

Exterior view of a red-brown building with two trees and a flagpole in the foreground.
Edward J. Schwartz Courthouse in San Diego, California
Exterior view of a beige building, composed largely of windows with several small trees in the foreground.
Robert E. Coyle Courthouse in Fresno, California
Exterior view of the front of a large, white building with ten pillars, and a set of stairs.
Richard C. Lee Courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut
Exterior view of a tall beige building with many windows.
Eastern District of New York Courthouse in Brooklyn, New York
Exterior view of a gray building at a street corner. A separate, taller structure is visible in the background.
Central District of Illinois Courthouse in Peoria, Illinois
Exterior view of a beige building composed largely of windows. A large overhang attached to the building is supported by a single pillar.
Lloyd D. George Courthouse in Las Vegas, Nevada
Exterior view of a white building with numerous pillars. An inscription reads "United States Court House".
Thurgood Marshall Courthouse in New York, New York
Exterior view of the Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse building in Erie, Pennsylvania
Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse in Erie, Pennsylvania
Exterior view of the Clemente Ruiz Nazario Federal Courthouse building in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Clemente Ruiz Nazario Courthouse in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Exterior view of the Central District of California Courthouse building in Los Angeles, California
Central District of California Courthouse in Los Angeles, California
Exterior view of the Hugo L. Black Federal Courthouse building in Birmingham, Alabama
Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham, Alabama
Exterior view of the E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse building in Washington, D.C.
E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse in Washington, D.C.
Citation The abbreviation used to refer to court decisions.
Established The date the district court was established as a court or the date it was subdivided from a larger district.
Judges The number of judgeships authorized for the district.
Meeting places The number of locations at which the court hears cases.
Region Citation Court of
Established Judges Meeting
Chief judge
Northern District of Alabama N.D. Ala. 11th 1820 8 8 Karon O. Bowdre
Middle District of Alabama M.D. Ala. 11th 1839 3 3 William Keith Watkins
Southern District of Alabama S.D. Ala. 11th 1820 3 2 Kristi DuBose
District of Alaska D. Alaska 9th 1958 3 5 Timothy Mark Burgess
District of Arizona D. Ariz. 9th 1910 13 4 Raner C. Collins
Eastern District of Arkansas E.D. Ark. 8th 1836 5 5 Brian Stacy Miller
Western District of Arkansas W.D. Ark. 8th 1836 3 6 Paul K. Holmes III
Central District of California C.D. Cal. 9th 1966 28 4 Virginia A. Phillips
Eastern District of California E.D. Cal. 9th 1966 6 3 Lawrence Joseph O'Neill
Northern District of California N.D. Cal. 9th 1850 14 4 Phyllis Jean Hamilton
Southern District of California S.D. Cal. 9th 1850 13 1 Barry Ted Moskowitz
District of Colorado D. Col. or D. Colo. 10th 1876 7 8 Marcia S. Krieger
District of Connecticut D. Conn. 2nd 1789 8 5 Janet C. Hall
District of Delaware D. Del. 3rd 1789 4 1 Leonard P. Stark
District of Columbia D.D.C. DC 1802 15 1 Beryl A. Howell
Northern District of Florida N.D. Fla. or N.D. Fl. 11th 1845 4 6 Margaret Catharine Rodgers
Middle District of Florida M.D. Fla. or M.D. Fl. 11th 1962 15 8 Steven Douglas Merryday
Southern District of Florida S.D. Fla. or S.D. Fl. 11th 1845 18 5 Kevin Michael Moore
Northern District of Georgia N.D. Ga. 11th 1789 11 4 Thomas W. Thrash, Jr.
Middle District of Georgia M.D. Ga. 11th 1926 4 7 Clay D. Land
Southern District of Georgia S.D. Ga. 11th 1789 3 6 James Randal Hall
District of Guam D. Guam 9th 1951 1 1 Frances Marie Tydingco-Gatewood
District of Hawaii D. Haw. 9th 1959 4 1 John Michael Seabright
District of Idaho D. Idaho 9th 1890 2 4 B. Lynn Winmill
Northern District of Illinois N.D. Ill. 7th 1819 22 4 Ruben Castillo
Central District of Illinois C.D. Ill. 7th 1978 4 6 James E. Shadid
Southern District of Illinois S.D. Ill. 7th 1819 4 4 Michael Joseph Reagan
Northern District of Indiana N.D. Ind. 7th 1817 5 4 Theresa Lazar Springmann
Southern District of Indiana S.D. Ind. 7th 1817 5 5 Jane Magnus-Stinson
Northern District of Iowa N.D. Iowa 8th 1845 2 6 Leonard Terry Strand
Southern District of Iowa S.D. Iowa 8th 1845 3 6 John Alfred Jarvey
District of Kansas D. Kan. 10th 1861 6 9 Julie A. Robinson
Eastern District of Kentucky E.D. Ky. 6th 1789 6 9 Karen K. Caldwell
Western District of Kentucky W.D. Ky. 6th 1789 5 4 Joseph H. McKinley, Jr.
Eastern District of Louisiana E.D. La. 5th 1804 12 2 Kurt Engelhardt
Middle District of Louisiana M.D. La. 5th 1971 3 1 Brian Anthony Jackson
Western District of Louisiana W.D. La. 5th 1804 7 6 S. Maurice Hicks Jr.
District of Maine D. Me. 1st 1789 3 2 Nancy Torresen
District of Maryland D. Md. 4th 1789 10 4 James K. Bredar
District of Massachusetts D. Mass. 1st 1789 13 4 Patti B. Saris
Eastern District of Michigan E.D. Mich. 6th 1836 15 5 Denise Page Hood
Western District of Michigan W.D. Mich. 6th 1836 4 6 Robert James Jonker
District of Minnesota D. Minn. 8th 1858 7 6 John R. Tunheim
Northern District of Mississippi N.D. Miss. 5th 1818 3 7 Sharion Aycock
Southern District of Mississippi S.D. Miss. 5th 1818 6 7 Daniel Porter Jordan III
Eastern District of Missouri E.D. Mo. 8th 1822 9 3 Rodney W. Sippel
Western District of Missouri W.D. Mo. 8th 1822 7 5 David Gregory Kays
District of Montana D. Mont. 9th 1889 3 11 Dana L. Christensen
District of Nebraska D. Neb. 8th 1867 3 3 Laurie Smith Camp
District of Nevada D. Nev. 9th 1865 7 6 Gloria Navarro
District of New Hampshire D.N.H. 1st 1789 3 2 Joseph Normand Laplante
District of New Jersey D.N.J. 3rd 1798 17 6 Jose L. Linares
District of New Mexico D.N.M. 10th 1910 7 3 M. Christina Armijo
Eastern District of New York E.D.N.Y. 2nd 1865 15 4 Dora Irizarry
Northern District of New York N.D.N.Y. 2nd 1789 5 8 Glenn T. Suddaby
Southern District of New York S.D.N.Y. 2nd 1789 28 3 Colleen McMahon
Western District of New York W.D.N.Y. 2nd 1900 4 5 Frank Paul Geraci, Jr.
Eastern District of North Carolina E.D.N.C. 4th 1790 4 7 James C. Dever III
Middle District of North Carolina M.D.N.C. 4th 1927 4 3 Thomas D. Schroeder
Western District of North Carolina W.D.N.C. 4th 1790 5 5 Frank DeArmon Whitney
District of North Dakota D.N.D. 8th 1890 2 4 Daniel L. Hovland
District of the Northern Mariana Islands D.N. Mar. I. 9th 1977 1 1 Ramona Villagomez Manglona
Northern District of Ohio N.D. Ohio 6th 1803 12 5 Patricia Anne Gaughan
Southern District of Ohio S.D. Ohio 6th 1803 8 5 Edmund A. Sargus, Jr.
Eastern District of Oklahoma E.D. Ok. or E.D. Okla. 10th 1906 2 8 Ronald A. White
Northern District of Oklahoma N.D. Ok. or N.D. Okla. 10th 1925 4 5 Gregory Kent Frizzell
Western District of Oklahoma W.D. Ok. or W.D. Okla. 10th 1906 7 10 Joe L. Heaton
District of Oregon D. Or. or D. Ore. 9th 1859 6 7 Michael W. Mosman
Eastern District of Pennsylvania E.D. Pa. 3rd 1789 22 5 Lawrence F. Stengel
Middle District of Pennsylvania M.D. Pa. 3rd 1901 6 5 Christopher C. Conner
Western District of Pennsylvania W.D. Pa. 3rd 1789 10 3 Joy Flowers Conti
District of Puerto Rico D.P.R. 1st 1966 7 3 Aida Delgado-Colon
District of Rhode Island D.R.I. 1st 1790 3 1 William E. Smith
District of South Carolina D.S.C. 4th 1789 10 11 Terry L. Wooten
District of South Dakota D.S.D. 8th 1889 3 5 Jeffrey L. Viken
Eastern District of Tennessee E.D. Tenn. 6th 1797 5 4 Thomas A. Varlan
Middle District of Tennessee M.D. Tenn. 6th 1839 4 3 Waverly D. Crenshaw Jr.
Western District of Tennessee W.D. Tenn. 6th 1797 5 3 Stanley Thomas Anderson
Eastern District of Texas E.D. Tex. 5th 1845 8 7 Ron Clark
Northern District of Texas N.D. Tex. 5th 1879 12 7 Barbara M.G. Lynn
Southern District of Texas S.D. Tex. 5th 1902 19 7 Lee H. Rosenthal
Western District of Texas W.D. Tex. 5th 1845 13 8 Orlando Luis Garcia
District of Utah D. Utah 10th 1894 5 4 David Nuffer
District of Vermont D. Vt. 2nd 1791 2 7 Christina Reiss
District of the Virgin Islands D.V.I. 3rd 1936 2 2 Wilma A. Lewis
Eastern District of Virginia E.D. Va. 4th 1789 11 4 Rebecca Beach Smith
Western District of Virginia W.D. Va. 4th 1789 4 7 Michael F. Urbanski
Eastern District of Washington E.D. Wash. 9th 1890 4 4 Thomas O. Rice
Western District of Washington W.D. Wash. 9th 1890 8 3 Ricardo S. Martinez
Northern District of West Virginia N.D. W. Va. 4th 1864 3 5 Gina Marie Groh
Southern District of West Virginia S.D. W. Va. 4th 1864 5 6 Thomas E. Johnston
Eastern District of Wisconsin E.D. Wis. 7th 1848 5 3 William C. Griesbach
Western District of Wisconsin W.D. Wis. 7th 1848 2 5 James D. Peterson
District of Wyoming D. Wyo. 10th 1890 3 6 Nancy D. Freudenthal