Census Bureau conducts a constitutionally mandated
decennial census whose figures are used to determine the number of congressional districts to which each
state is entitled, in a process called "
apportionment". For example,
Nebraska had 6 districts until 1933 and only 3 following the
1960 census. The number of districts for
Texas increased from 30 to 32 in 2002, and then to 36 in 2012 based on the
2010 census. Other states have lost districts. The 2012 elections were the first to be based on the congressional districts which were defined based on the 2010 census.
Each state is responsible for the
districts within their state, and several states have one "at-large" division. Redistricting must take place if the number of members changes following a reapportionment, or may take place at any other time if, for example,
demographics represented in a district has changed substantially. Districts may sometimes retain the same boundaries while changing their district numbers.
The following is a complete list of the 435 current congressional districts for the House of Representatives, and over 200 obsolete districts, and the six current and one obsolete non-voting delegations.
State with the most:
California (53) (Same as in 2000)
States with the fewest (only one district "at-large"):
Wyoming. Alaska, Delaware, and Wyoming are the only states that have never had more than one district. Between 1810 and 1820, Delaware had two Representatives, but they were elected at-large.