List of Canadian provinces and territories by population

Map of Canadian provinces and territories by population. Legend:
  >10 million
  5 million to 10 million
  1 million to 5 million
  500 thousand to 1 million
  100 thousand to 500 thousand
  <100 thousand

Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border. Its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta) are also (with Quebec and Ontario, switched in order) its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. The territories (the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon) account for over a third of Canada's area but are home to only 0.3% of its population, which skews the national population density value.

Canada's population grew by 5.0% between the 2006 and 2011 censuses.[1] Except for New Brunswick, all territories and provinces increased in population from 2011 to 2016. In terms of percent change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Nunavut with an increase of 12.7% between 2011 and 2016, followed by Alberta with 11.6% growth. New Brunswick's population decreased by 0.5% between 2011 and 2016.

Canada's population has increased every year since Confederation in 1867: see List of population of Canada by years.


2016 Population
2016 Census
Land area
(per km2
House of
2020 population
(Q1 est.)[2]


1 Ontario13,448,49438.26%4.6%908,699.3314.812135.8%14,711,82738.79%9.00%
2 Quebec8,164,36123.23%3.3%1,356,625.276.07823.1%8,537,67422.55%4.39%
3 British Columbia4,648,05513.22%5.6%922,503.015.04212.4%5,110,91713.51%9.84%
4 Alberta4,067,17511.57%11.6%640,330.466.43410.1%4,413,14611.63%8.07%
5 Manitoba1,278,3653.64%5.8%552,370.992.3144.1%1,377,5173.64%7.47%
6 Saskatchewan1,098,3523.12%6.3%588,243.541.9144.1%1,181,6663.12%7.31%
7 Nova Scotia923,5982.63%0.2%52,942.2717.4113.3%977,4572.58%5.83%
8 New Brunswick747,1012.13%−0.5%71,388.8110.5103.0%779,9932.06%4.40%
9 Newfoundland and Labrador519,7161.48%1.0%370,514.081.472.1%521,3651.38%0.42%
10 Prince Edward Island142,9070.41%1.9%5,686.0325.141.2%158,1580.42%10.49%
11  Northwest Territories41,7860.12%0.8%1,143,793.860.0410.3%44,9040.12%7.44%
12 Nunavut35,9440.10%12.7%1,877,778.530.0210.3%39,0970.10%8.15%
13 Yukon35,8740.10%5.8%474,712.680.0810.3%41,0780.11%14.35%
Total Canada35,151,728100%5.0%8,965,588.853.9338100%37,894,799100%7.52%
Breakdown of Canada's population from the 2011 census by province/territory
Map of Canadian provinces and territories by population density (per km2)
Historical Population Graphs
Flag of Ontario.svg OntarioFlag of Quebec.svg QuebecFlag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova ScotiaFlag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick
Flag of Manitoba.svg ManitobaFlag of British Columbia.svg British ColumbiaFlag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward IslandFlag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan
Flag of Alberta.svg AlbertaFlag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and LabradorFlag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest TerritoriesFlag of Yukon.svg Yukon
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut

See also


  1. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "Table 051-0005: Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. March 19, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
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