List of Canadian provinces and territories by area

As a country, Canada has ten provinces and three territories. These subdivisions vary widely in both land and water area. The largest subdivision by land area is the territory of Nunavut. The largest subdivision by water area is the province of Quebec. The smallest subdivision of both land and water area is the province of Prince Edward Island.[1]

Pie chart of percentages of area. In order of portion size: Nunavut: 21.0; Quebec: 15.4; Northwest Territories: 13.5; Ontario: 10.8; British Columbia: 9.5; Alberta: 6.6; Saskatchewan: 6.5; Manitoba: 6.5; Yukon: 4.8; Newfoundland and Labrador: 4.1; New Brunswick: 0.7; Nova Scotia: 0.6; Prince Edward Island: 0.1

Canada is the second-largest country in the world; it has the fourth-largest dry land area, and the largest freshwater area.[2]


Total area

The total area of a province or territory is the sum of its land area and the area of its internal water (freshwater only).

Areas are rounded to the nearest square kilometre or square mile. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

RankNameTotal area (km2)[1]Total area (mi2)[1]Percentage of
national total area[1]
1 Nunavut2,093,190808,18521.0%
2 Quebec1,542,056595,39115.4%
3 Northwest Territories1,346,106519,73413.5%
4 Ontario1,076,395415,59810.8%
5 British Columbia944,735364,7649.5%
6 Alberta661,848255,5416.6%
7 Saskatchewan651,036251,3666.5%
8 Manitoba647,797250,1166.5%
9 Yukon482,443186,2724.8%
10 Newfoundland and Labrador405,212156,4534.1%
11 New Brunswick72,90828,1500.7%
12 Nova Scotia55,28421,3450.6%
13 Prince Edward Island5,6602,1850.1%
Total Canada9,984,6703,855,103100.0%

Land area

Land areas consist of dry land, excluding areas of freshwater, and salt water.

Areas are rounded to the nearest whole unit. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

RankName and flagLand area (km2)[1]Land area (mi2)[1]Percentage of
national land area
1 Nunavut1,936,113747,53721.3%
2 Quebec1,365,128527,07915.0%
3 Northwest Territories1,183,085456,79213.0%
4 British Columbia925,186357,21610.4%
5 Ontario917,741354,34210.1%
6 Alberta642,317248,0007.1%
7 Saskatchewan591,670228,4456.5%
8 Manitoba553,556213,7296.1%
9 Yukon474,391183,1635.2%
10 Newfoundland and Labrador373,872144,3534.1%
11 New Brunswick71,45027,5870.8%
12 Nova Scotia53,33820,5940.6%
13 Prince Edward Island5,6602,1850.1%
Total Canada9,093,5073,511,023100.0%

Internal water area (fresh-water only)

The internal water area data below, includes freshwater (i.e., lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and canals). It excludes internal salt water and territorial waters claimed by Canada in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans. Canada considers its internal water area to include 1,600,000 km2 of salt water in Hudson Bay and the ocean within and around Canada's Arctic Archipelago. Canada's territorial sea is 200,000 km2.[3][4][5]

Areas are given to the nearest whole unit. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

RankName and flagWater area (km2)[1]Water area (mi2)[1]Water area as
percentage of
total area
Percentage of
freshwater area
1 Quebec176,92868,31211.5%19.9%
2 Northwest Territories163,02162,94312.1%18.3%
3 Ontario158,65461,25714.7%17.8%
4 Nunavut157,07760,6487.5%17.6%
5 Manitoba94,24136,38714.5%10.6%
6 Saskatchewan59,36622,9219.1%6.7%
7 Newfoundland and Labrador31,34012,1007.7%3.5%
8 British Columbia19,5497,5482.1%2.2%
9 Alberta19,5317,5413.0%2.2%
10 Yukon8,0523,1091.7%0.9%
11 Nova Scotia1,9467513.5%0.2%
12 New Brunswick1,4585632.0%0.2%
13 Prince Edward Island000.0%0.0%
Total Canada891,163344,0808.9%100.0%

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
  2. ^ Field Listing:: Area. CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
  3. ^ "The Arctic: Canada's Legal Claims". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  4. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  5. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Communications. "Oceans". Retrieved 2016-03-04.

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