Lisbon

Lisbon

Lisboa
Clockwise from top left: Avenida da Liberdade and Eduardo VII Park, view of Praça do Comércio with Alfama in the background, Lisbon Cathedral, view from São Jorge Castle, Belém Tower and Parque das Nações with Vasco da Gama Bridge
Etymology: Lisboa, Portuguese derivative of Latin Ulyssippo after Ulysses; and/or Roman Olissipona, for the name of the Tagus
Nickname(s): 
Cidade das Sete Colinas (The City of Seven Hills) - Rainha do Mar (Queen of the Sea) - A Cidade da Luz (The City of the Light)
Motto(s): 
Muito Nobre e Sempre Leal
(Very Noble and Always Loyal)
Lisbon is located in Portugal
Lisbon
Lisbon
Location within Portugal
Lisbon is located in Europe
Lisbon
Lisbon
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 38°43′31″N 9°09′00″W / 38°43′31″N 9°09′00″W / 38.7252668; -9.1500193UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal zone
1149-014 Lisboa
Area code(s)(+351) 21 XXX-XXXX
Patron saintVincent of Saragossa and Anthony of Lisbon
Municipal addressPraça do Município, 1
1149-014 Lisboa
Municipal holidays13 June (www.cm-lisboa.pt

Lisbon (ən/; Portuguese: Lisboa [liʒˈboɐ] (About this soundlisten))[4] is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526[1] within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.[5] Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union.[3] About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, including the Portuguese Riviera (which represents approximately 27% of the country's population).[2] It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, which is known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains.

Lisbon is recognised as an alpha-level global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism.[6] Lisbon is one of two Portuguese cities (alongside Porto) to be recognised as a global city.[7][8] It is one of the major economic centres on the continent, with a growing financial sector and one of the largest container ports on Europe's Atlantic coast.[9] Additionally, Humberto Delgado Airport served 29 million passengers in 2018, being the busiest airport in Portugal, the 3rd busiest in the Iberian Peninsula and the 20th busiest in Europe.[10] The motorway network and the high-speed rail system of Alfa Pendular links the main cities of Portugal (such as Braga, Porto and Coimbra) to Lisbon.[11] The city is the 9th-most-visited city in Southern Europe, after Rome, Istanbul, Barcelona, Milan, Venice, Madrid, Florence and Athens, with 3,320,300 tourists in 2017.[12] The Lisbon region has a higher GDP PPP per capita than any other region in Portugal. Its GDP amounts to US$96.3 billion and thus $32,434 per capita.[13][14] The city occupies the 40th place of highest gross earnings in the world.[15] Most of the headquarters of multinational corporations in Portugal are located in the Lisbon area.[16] It is also the political centre of the country, as its seat of government and residence of the head of state.

Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the second-oldest European capital city (after Athens), predating other modern European capitals such as London, Paris, and Rome by centuries. Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia,[17] adding to the name Olissipo. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since then it has been the political, economic and cultural center of Portugal.

Etymology

One claim often repeated in non-academic literature is that the name of Lisbon can be traced back to Phoenician times, referring to a supposedly Phoenician term Alis-Ubo, meaning "safe harbour".[18] Although modern archaeological excavations show a Phoenician presence at this location since 1200 BC,[19] this folk etymology has no historical credibility.

Lisbon's name may, in fact, have been derived from Proto-Celtic or Celtic Olisippo, Lissoppo, or a similar name which other visiting peoples like the ancient Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans adapted accordingly, such as the pre-Roman appellation for the Tagus River, Lisso or Lucio. Classical authors writing in Latin and Greek, including Strabo, Solinus, and Martianus Capella,[20][21] referred to popular legends that the city of Lisbon was founded by the mythical hero Ulysses (Odysseus).[22] [23] Lisbon's name was written Ulyssippo in Latin by the geographer Pomponius Mela, a native of Hispania. It was later referred to as "Olisippo" by Pliny the Elder and by the Greeks as Olissipo (Ὀλισσιπών) or Olissipona (Ὀλισσιπόνα).[24][25]

Lisbon's name is commonly abbreviated as 'LX' or 'Lx', originating in an antiquated spelling of Lisbon as ‘‘Lixbõa’’.[26] While the old spelling has since been completely dropped from usage and goes against modern language standards, the abbreviation is still commonly used.

Other Languages
Acèh: Lisbon
адыгабзэ: Лиссабон
Afrikaans: Lissabon
Alemannisch: Lissabon
አማርኛ: ሊዝቦን
Ænglisc: Olisipo
العربية: لشبونة
aragonés: Lisbona
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܠܫܒܘܢܐ
arpetan: Lisbona
asturianu: Lisboa
Avañe'ẽ: Lisimbã
Aymar aru: Lisboa
azərbaycanca: Lissabon
تۆرکجه: لیسبون
বাংলা: লিসবন
Bân-lâm-gú: Lisboa
башҡортса: Лиссабон
беларуская: Лісабон
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лісабон
Bikol Central: Lisboa, Portugal
български: Лисабон
བོད་ཡིག: ལི་སི་བཱོན།
bosanski: Lisabon
brezhoneg: Lisbon
català: Lisboa
Чӑвашла: Лиссабон
Cebuano: Lisboa
čeština: Lisabon
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Lisboa
chiShona: Lisbon
corsu: Lisbona
Cymraeg: Lisbon
dansk: Lissabon
davvisámegiella: Lisboa
Deutsch: Lissabon
dolnoserbski: Lisabon
eesti: Lissabon
Ελληνικά: Λισαβόνα
эрзянь: Лиссабон ош
español: Lisboa
Esperanto: Lisbono
estremeñu: Lisboa
euskara: Lisboa
eʋegbe: Lisbon
فارسی: لیسبون
Fiji Hindi: Lisbon
føroyskt: Lisboa
français: Lisbonne
Frysk: Lissabon
furlan: Lisbone
Gaeilge: Liospóin
Gaelg: Lisboa
Gagauz: Lizbon
Gàidhlig: Lisbon
galego: Lisboa
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Lisboa
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lisboa
한국어: 리스본
Hausa: Lisbon
Hawaiʻi: Likepona
հայերեն: Լիսաբոն
Արեւմտահայերէն: Լիզպոն
हिन्दी: लिस्बन
hornjoserbsce: Lisabon
hrvatski: Lisabon
Ido: Lisboa
Ilokano: Lisbon
Bahasa Indonesia: Lisboa
interlingua: Lisbona
Interlingue: Lisboa
íslenska: Lissabon
italiano: Lisbona
עברית: ליסבון
Jawa: Lisabon
Kabɩyɛ: Lisbooni
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಲಿಸ್ಬನ್
ქართული: ლისაბონი
kaszëbsczi: Lisabón
қазақша: Лиссабон
kernowek: Lisboa
Kirundi: Lisboa
Kiswahili: Lisbon
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lisbòn
kurdî: Lîzbon
Кыргызча: Лиссабон
кырык мары: Лиссабон
Ladino: Lisboa
Latina: Olisipo
latviešu: Lisabona
Lëtzebuergesch: Lissabon
lietuvių: Lisabona
Ligure: Lisbonn-a
Limburgs: Lissabon
lingála: Lisboa
Lingua Franca Nova: Lisboa
Livvinkarjala: Lissabon
lumbaart: Lisbuna
magyar: Lisszabon
македонски: Лисабон
Malagasy: Lisbon
മലയാളം: ലിസ്‌ബൺ
Malti: Liżbona
Māori: Rihipone
मराठी: लिस्बन
მარგალური: ლისაბონი
مصرى: ليشبوا
مازِرونی: لیسبون
Bahasa Melayu: Lisbon
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lisboa
Mirandés: Lisboua
монгол: Лиссабон
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လစ်စဘွန်းမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Lisbon
Nederlands: Lissabon
Nedersaksies: Lissabon
नेपाल भाषा: लिस्बोन
日本語: リスボン
нохчийн: Лиссабон
Nordfriisk: Lisabon
Norfuk / Pitkern: Lisboa
norsk: Lisboa
norsk nynorsk: Lisboa
Nouormand: Lîbouonne
occitan: Lisbona
олык марий: Лиссабон
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଲିସବନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lissabon
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲਿਸਬਨ
پنجابی: لزبن
Papiamentu: Lisboa
Patois: Lizban
Picard: Lisbonne
Piemontèis: Lisbon-a
Plattdüütsch: Lissabon
polski: Lizbona
português: Lisboa
qırımtatarca: Lisbon
reo tahiti: Lisboa
română: Lisabona
romani čhib: Lisbon
rumantsch: Lissabon
Runa Simi: Lisboa
русский: Лиссабон
саха тыла: Лиссабон
संस्कृतम्: लिस्बन
sardu: Lisbona
Scots: Lisbon
Seeltersk: Lissabon
Sesotho: Lisbon
shqip: Lisbona
sicilianu: Lisbona
Simple English: Lisbon
slovenčina: Lisabon
slovenščina: Lizbona
ślůnski: Lizbůna
Soomaaliga: Lissabon
کوردی: لیسبۆن
Sranantongo: Lisbon
српски / srpski: Лисабон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lisabon
suomi: Lissabon
svenska: Lissabon
Tagalog: Lisboa
தமிழ்: லிஸ்பன்
Taqbaylit: Lisbun
татарча/tatarça: Лиссабон
తెలుగు: లిస్బన్
tetun: Lizboa
тоҷикӣ: Лиссабон
Türkçe: Lizbon
Türkmençe: Lissabon
Twi: Lisbon
удмурт: Лиссабон
українська: Лісабон
اردو: لزبن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: لىسبون
vèneto: Lisbona
vepsän kel’: Lissabon
Tiếng Việt: Lisboa
Volapük: Lisboa
Võro: Lissabon
文言: 里斯本
Winaray: Lisboa
Wolof: Lisbon
吴语: 列寺博
ייִדיש: ליסבאן
Yorùbá: Lisbon
粵語: 里斯本
Zazaki: Lizbon
žemaitėška: Lisabuona
中文: 里斯本