The Lippe in
|Main source||Eastern |
±140 m (460 ft)
|Length||220.3 km (136.9 mi) |
|Basin size||4,889.9 km2 (1,888.0 sq mi) |
The Lippe (German pronunciation:
The river Lippe has been used as an infrastructure in Roman times. For the Romans the river was a gateway to Germania, running from the river Rhine to the region around Paderborn. The watercourse was used for transport of supplies, so along the banks of the Lippe many former Roman camps can be found. In the last 200 years many of these camps have been identified, above all the camp in
Today, the river appears as a two-tier water course: Upstream, eastward of the city of Hamm, the catchment is more rural. Downstream of Hamm settlements and industrial impacts characterize the situation. Though the Lippe was partly navigable from 1820 on it was not sufficient for the transport of industrial goods.
Historically, the preconditions for a change of the landscape started with the construction of the
Until the 1970s water pollution played no important role in the public debate but environmental policy changed over the decades. Environmental standards on national level and especially from the EU have been leading to enormous efforts to improve the nature standards and today a couple of positive developments can be stated, like new FFH (Flora Fauna Habitat) sites  and governmental initiatives around the WFD (Water Framework Directive).
The main tributaries of the Lippe are: