Lieutenant general

NaviesArmiesAir forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
AdmiralGeneralAir chief marshal
Vice admiralLieutenant generalAir marshal
Rear admiralMajor generalAir vice-marshal
CommodoreBrigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
CaptainColonelGroup captain
CommanderLieutenant colonelWing commander
Major or
Squadron leader
LieutenantCaptainFlight lieutenant
junior grade
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
Second lieutenantPilot officer
Officer cadetOfficer cadetFlight cadet
Enlisted grades
Warrant officer or
chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major
Warrant officer
Petty officerSergeantSergeant
Leading seamanCorporal or
SeamanPrivate or
gunner or
Aircraftman or

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general.

In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal. A lieutenant general commands an army corps, made up of typically three army divisions, and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.).

The seeming incongruity that a lieutenant general outranks a major general (whereas a major outranks a lieutenant) is due to the derivation of the latter rank from sergeant major general, which was also subordinate to lieutenant general. In some countries (e.g. France and Italy), the ranks of corps general or lieutenant colonel general are used instead of lieutenant general, in an attempt to solve this apparent anomaly – these ranks are often translated into English as lieutenant general.[citation needed]

However, some countries of Latin America such as Brazil and Chile use divisional general as the equivalent of lieutenant general. In addition, because no brigadier general rank is used in Japan, lieutenant general is the rank of divisional commander. Therefore, it corresponds to divisional general of these countries. In a number of smaller states which employ NATO and western style military organizational structures, because of the limited number of soldiers in their armies, the rank of lieutenant general is the highest army rank in use. In Latvia, Lithuania and Singapore, the chief of defence is a lieutenant general, and in the Irish Defence Forces and Israel Defense Forces, the Chief of Staff holds this rank.

Lieutenant general ranks by country

Army ranks

Air force ranks

Other Languages
asturianu: Teniente xeneral
azərbaycanca: General-leytenant
беларуская: Генерал-лейтэнант
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Генэрал-лейтэнант
Ελληνικά: Αντιστράτηγος
فارسی: سپهبد
한국어: 중장
Bahasa Indonesia: Letnan Jenderal
Basa Jawa: Lètnan Jéndral
Kiswahili: Luteni jenerali
Bahasa Melayu: Leftenan Jeneral
Nederlands: Luitenant-generaal
日本語: 中将
norsk nynorsk: Generalløytnant
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: General-leytenant
português: Tenente-general
Simple English: Lieutenant general
slovenčina: Generálporučík
slovenščina: Generalpodpolkovnik
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: General-potpukovnik
татарча/tatarça: Генерал-лейтенант
ไทย: พลโท
Türkçe: Korgeneral
українська: Генерал-лейтенант
Tiếng Việt: Trung tướng
粵語: 中將
中文: 中將