Liestal

Liestal
Vorstadt-2000.jpg
Coat of arms of Liestal
Coat of arms
Liestal is located in Switzerland
Liestal
Liestal
Location of Liestal
Karte Gemeinde Liestal 2007.png
Liestal is located in Canton of Basel-Landschaft
Liestal
Liestal
Liestal (Canton of Basel-Landschaft)
Coordinates: 47°28′N 7°44′E / 47°28′N 7°44′E / 47.467; 7.733

Liestal (formerly Liesthal, IPA: [ˈliə̯ʃd̥l̩]) is the capital of Liestal District and the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland, 17 km (11 mi) south of Basel.

Liestal is an industrial town with a cobbled-street Old Town.

The official language of Liestal is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.

History

The name Liestal was first mentioned in 1225,[3] and the settlement dates at least from Roman times. The development of the town is due to its strategic location on the road between the first bridge over the Rhine at Basel and the St. Gotthard Pass.

Citizens of Liestal participated in the Burgundian Wars in 1476 and 1477 against Charles the Bold. In 1501, the mayor swore allegiance to the Swiss Confederation, and this caused repeated conflict with neighboring Rheinfelden, which belonged to the Habsburgs.

In the 17th century, Liestal rebelled against Basel as part of the Farmers' Rebellion and was occupied by troops from that city. Three leaders of the rebellion were beheaded in Basel.

In 1789, the town enthusiastically hailed the French call for freedom and equality. It celebrated Napoleon, when he traveled through town in 1797. After his fall, the earlier subjection to Basel was re-established.

The French July Revolution of 1830 also caused upheaval in Liestal. A provisional government was established, and the town was chosen as the capital of a new canton on March 17, 1832.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Liestal
asturianu: Liestal
Bân-lâm-gú: Liestal
беларуская: Лісталь
català: Liestal
čeština: Liestal
dansk: Liestal
Deutsch: Liestal
Ελληνικά: Λίσταλ
español: Liestal
Esperanto: Liestal
euskara: Liestal
فارسی: لستل
français: Liestal
Gaeilge: Liestal
Gàidhlig: Liestal
한국어: 리슈탈
Bahasa Indonesia: Liestal
Interlingue: Liestal
italiano: Liestal
עברית: ליאשטל
қазақша: Листаль
lietuvių: Listalis
lingála: Liestalé
lumbaart: Liestal
magyar: Liestal
Bahasa Melayu: Liestal
Nederlands: Liestal (stad)
日本語: リースタル
нохчийн: Листаль
norsk: Liestal
norsk nynorsk: Liestal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Liestal
پنجابی: لیزٹال
Piemontèis: Liestal
polski: Liestal
rumantsch: Liestal
русский: Листаль
Scots: Liestal
shqip: Liestal
Simple English: Liestal
slovenčina: Liestal
ślůnski: Liestal
српски / srpski: Листал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Liestal
suomi: Liestal
svenska: Liestal
Türkçe: Liestal
українська: Лісталь
اردو: لیستال
Volapük: Liestal
Winaray: Liestal
中文: 利斯塔爾