Libreville

Libreville
Aerial view of Libreville
Aerial view of Libreville
Coat of arms of Libreville
Coat of arms
Libreville is located in Gabon
Libreville
Libreville
Location in Gabon
Coordinates: 0°23′24″N 9°27′0″E / 0°23′24″N 9°27′0″E / 0.39000; 9.45000
CountryFlag of Gabon.svg Gabon
ProvinceEstuaire Province
Capital districtLibreville
Government
 • MayorRose Christiane Ossouka Raponda (PDG)
Area
 • Land65.42 km2 (25.26 sq mi)
 • Metro189 km2 (73 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • City703,940
Websitewww.libreville.ga

Libreville is the capital and largest city of Gabon, in western central Africa. The city is a port on the Komo River, near the Gulf of Guinea, and a trade center for a timber region. As of 2013 its census population was 703,940.[1]

History

La résidence, ca.1899

The area was inhabited by the Mpongwé tribe long before the French acquired the land in 1839.[2]

In 1842, American missionaries from New England established a mission in Baraka, Gabon, on what is now Libreville. In 1846, the Brazilian slave ship L'Elizia, carrying slaves from the Congo, was captured near Loango by the French navy which was tasked with contributing the British Blockade of Africa. Fifty-two of the freed slaves were resettled on the site of Libreville (French for "Freetown")[3] in 1849. It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa from 1934 to 1946 and was the central focus of the Battle of Gabon in 1940.

In 1910, French Equatorial Africa (Afrique équatoriale française, AEF) was created, and French companies were allowed to exploit the Middle Congo (modern-day Congo Brazzaville). It soon became necessary to build a railroad that would connect Brazzaville, the terminus of the river navigation on the Congo River and the Ubangui River, with the Atlantic coast. As rapids make it impossible to navigate on the Congo River past Brazzaville, and the coastal railroad terminus site had to allow for the construction of a deep-sea port, authorities chose the site of Ponta Negra instead of Libreville as originally envisaged. Construction of the Congo-Ocean Railway began in 1921, and Libreville was surpassed by the rapid growth of Pointe-Noire, farther down the coast.

Libreville was named in imitation of Freetown and grew only slowly as a trading post and a minor administrative centre to a population of 32,000 on independence in 1960. It only received its first bank branch when Bank of West Africa (BAO) opened a branch in 1930. Since independence, the city has grown rapidly and now houses nearly half the national population.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Libreville
አማርኛ: ሊብረቪል
العربية: ليبرفيل
asturianu: Libreville
Avañe'ẽ: Libreville
azərbaycanca: Librevil
Bân-lâm-gú: Libreville
беларуская: Лібрэвіль
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лібрэвіль
български: Либревил
བོད་ཡིག: ལིབ་རེ་ཝིལ།
bosanski: Libreville
brezhoneg: Libreville
català: Libreville
Чӑвашла: Либревиль
čeština: Libreville
chiShona: Libreville
Cymraeg: Libreville
dansk: Libreville
Deutsch: Libreville
eesti: Libreville
Ελληνικά: Λιμπρεβίλ
español: Libreville
Esperanto: Librevilo
euskara: Libreville
فارسی: لیبرویل
Fiji Hindi: Libreville
français: Libreville
Frysk: Libreville
Gaeilge: Libreville
Gàidhlig: Libreville
galego: Libreville
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Libreville
한국어: 리브르빌
Հայերեն: Լիբրևիլ
हिन्दी: लिबरेविले
hornjoserbsce: Libreville
hrvatski: Libreville
Ilokano: Libreville
Bahasa Indonesia: Libreville
Interlingue: Libreville
íslenska: Libreville
italiano: Libreville
עברית: ליברוויל
Basa Jawa: Libreville
ქართული: ლიბრევილი
kernowek: Libreville
Kiswahili: Libreville
Kongo: Libreville
Kreyòl ayisyen: Libvil
kurdî: Libreville
Кыргызча: Либревил
кырык мары: Либревиль
Latina: Liberopolis
latviešu: Librevila
Lëtzebuergesch: Libreville
lietuvių: Librevilis
lingála: Libreville
lumbaart: Libreville
magyar: Libreville
македонски: Либрвил
Malagasy: Libreville
მარგალური: ლიბრევილი
Bahasa Melayu: Libreville
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Libreville
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လစ်ဗရီဗေးလ်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Libreville
Nederlands: Libreville
нохчийн: Либревиль
Nordfriisk: Libreville
norsk: Libreville
norsk nynorsk: Libreville
occitan: Liuravila
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Librevil
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲਿਬਰਵਿਲ
پنجابی: لبرول
Piemontèis: Libreville
polski: Libreville
português: Libreville
română: Libreville
русский: Либревиль
Scots: Libreville
shqip: Libreville
Simple English: Libreville
slovenčina: Libreville
slovenščina: Libreville
ślůnski: Libreville
Soomaaliga: Librefille
کوردی: لیبرێڤیل
српски / srpski: Либрвил
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Libreville
suomi: Libreville
svenska: Libreville
Tagalog: Libreville
Taqbaylit: Libreville
тоҷикӣ: Либревил
Türkçe: Libreville
удмурт: Либревиль
українська: Лібревіль
اردو: لبریویل
vèneto: Libreville
vepsän kel’: Librevil'
Tiếng Việt: Libreville
Volapük: Libreville
Winaray: Libreville
Wolof: Libarwil
吴语: 利伯維爾
ייִדיש: ליברעוויל
Yorùbá: Libreville
粵語: 利伯維爾
Zazaki: Libreville
Zeêuws: Libreville
中文: 利伯维尔
Kabɩyɛ: Libreeviili