legume ( /) is a in the family plant (or Leguminosae), or the Fabaceae or fruit of such a plant (also called seed pulse). Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for human consumption, for livestock and forage , and as soil-enhancing silage . Well-known legumes include green manure , alfalfa , clover , peas , chickpeas , lentils , lupin bean , mesquite , carob , soybeans and peanuts . tamarind
A legume fruit is a
that develops from a simple simple dry fruit and usually carpel (opens along a seam) on two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a dehisces pod, although the term "pod" is also applied to a number of other fruit types, such as that of (a vanilla ) and of the capsule (a radish ). silique
Legumes are notable in that most of them have symbiotic
bacteria in structures called nitrogen-fixing . For that reason, they play a key role in root nodules . crop rotation
The term "pulse", as used by the
' United Nations (FAO), is reserved for Food and Agriculture Organization harvested solely for the dry seed. crops This excludes  and green peas, which are considered green beans crops. Also excluded are seeds that are mainly grown for vegetable extraction ( oil like oilseeds and soybeans ), and seeds which are used exclusively for sowing peanuts ( forage , clovers ). However, in common alfalfa , these distinctions are not always clearly made, and many of the varieties used for dried pulses are also used for green vegetables, with their beans in pods while young.
Some Fabaceae, such as
and other Scotch broom , are leguminous but are usually not called legumes by farmers, who tend to restrict that term to food crops.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: