Lech (river)

Lech
Karte einzugsbereich lech.png
Drainage basin of the Lech
CountryGermany, Austria
Physical characteristics
Main sourceNorthern Limestone Alps
1,865 metres (6,119 ft)
River mouthDanube
48°44′6″N 10°56′11″E / 48°44′6″N 10°56′11″E / 48.73500; 10.93639
Length255.3 km (158.6 mi) [1]
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    115 m3/s (4,100 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Basin size3,919 km2 (1,513 sq mi) [1]

The Lech (Latin: Licus, Licca) is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube 255 kilometres (158 mi) in length with a drainage basin of 3,919 square kilometres (1,513 sq mi).[1]Its source is located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, where the river rises from lake Formarinsee in the Alps at an altitude of 1,870 metres (6,120 ft). It flows in a north-north-easterly direction and crosses the German border, forming the Lechfall, a 12-metre-high (39 ft) waterfall; afterwards the river enters a narrow gorge (the Lechschlucht). Leaving the Alps, it enters the plains of the Allgäu at Füssen at an elevation of 790 metres (2,580 ft) in the German state of Bavaria, where it used to be the location of the boundary with Swabia. The river runs through the city of Füssen and through the Forggensee, a man-made lake which is drained in winter. Here, it forms rapids and a waterfall.

The river flows further northwards through a region called the Lechrain, and passes the cities of Schongau, Landsberg, Augsburg (where it receives the Wertach) and Rain before entering the Danube just below Donauwörth at an elevation of 410 metres (1,330 ft). It is not navigable, owing to its torrential character and the gravel beds which choke its channel. There are extensive views of the Lech valley from Neuschwanstein Castle, near Füssen.

Etymology

Inscriptions from 8/7 B. C. prove that the river name is first mentioned in the Celtic tribe name Licates. The river itself is called Likios or Likias in the 2nd century. Around the year 570 the name Licca is found in records. In the 8th century, names such as Lecha and Lech appeared. The term Licus is still used in 1059.

The name stands in analogy to the Welsh word llech ("stone slab") and the Breton word lec'h ("gravestone"). In this context, the meaning of the word "Lech" is explained as "the stony".[2]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Lech
العربية: نهر ليخ
azərbaycanca: Lex çayı
български: Лех
Boarisch: Lech (Fluss)
català: Lech
Чӑвашла: Лех (юханшыв)
čeština: Lech (řeka)
dansk: Lech
Deutsch: Lech
Ελληνικά: Λεχ
español: Río Lech
Esperanto: Lech
français: Lech
italiano: Lech (fiume)
עברית: לך (נהר)
ქართული: ლეხი
Latina: Licus
latviešu: Leha
lietuvių: Lechas (upė)
Nederlands: Lech (rivier)
日本語: レヒ川
norsk: Lech
norsk nynorsk: Lech
پنجابی: لیخ
polski: Lech (rzeka)
português: Rio Lech
română: Râul Lech
русский: Лех (река)
slovenčina: Lech (rieka)
slovenščina: Lech
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lech (rijeka)
suomi: Lech
svenska: Lech
Türkçe: Lech Nehri
Türkmençe: Lech
українська: Лех (річка)
Tiếng Việt: Sông Lech
中文: 萊希河