Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis
Bay leaf pair443.jpg
Bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) flower buds and leaves
Scientific classification edit
L. nobilis
Binomial name
Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous (smooth and hairless) leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is used as bay leaf for seasoning in cooking. Its common names include bay tree (esp. United Kingdom),[1]:84 bay laurel, sweet bay, true laurel, Grecian laurel,[2] or simply laurel. Laurus nobilis figures prominently in classical Greco-Roman culture.

Worldwide, many other kinds of plants in diverse families are also called "bay" or "laurel", generally due to similarity of foliage or aroma to Laurus nobilis, and the full name is used for the California bay laurel (Umbellularia), also in the family Lauraceae.


A laurel shrub
Laurus nobilis in pot
Laurus nobilis bloomed

The Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree, variable in size and sometimes reaching 7–18 m (23–59 ft) tall.[1] The genus Laurus includes four accepted species,[3] whose diagnostic key characters often overlap.[4]

The Bay Laurel is dioecious (unisexual), with male and female flowers on separate plants.[5] Each flower is pale yellow-green, about 1 cm (0.39 in) diameter, and they are borne in pairs beside a leaf. The leaves are glabrous, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) long and 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) broad, with an entire (untoothed) margin. On some leaves the margin undulates.[5] The fruit is a small, shiny black berry-like drupe about 1 cm (0.39 in) long[5] that contains one seed.[6][1]

A recent study found considerable genetic diversity within L. nobilis, and that L. azorica is not genetically or morphologically distinct.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lourierboom
العربية: غار (نبات)
asturianu: Laurus nobilis
azərbaycanca: Nəcib dəfnə
Bikol Central: Laurus nobilis
български: Лавър
bosanski: Lovor
català: Llorer
corsu: Addoru
Cymraeg: Llawrwydden
Ελληνικά: Δάφνη (φυτό)
español: Laurus nobilis
Esperanto: Nobla laŭro
euskara: Ereinotz
فارسی: برگ بو
français: Laurus nobilis
Gaeilge: Labhras
Gaelg: Laurys
galego: Loureiro
한국어: 월계수
hornjoserbsce: Prawy ławrjenc
Bahasa Indonesia: Dafnah
italiano: Laurus nobilis
עברית: ער אציל
Ligure: Auföggio
Limburgs: Laurier
magyar: Nemes babér
македонски: Лавор
Nederlands: Laurier
Nordfriisk: Echt loorbeer
norsk: Laurbær
norsk nynorsk: Laurbær
Nouormand: Louothi
occitan: Laurièr
Piemontèis: Laurus nobilis
português: Loureiro
română: Dafin
sardu: Laru
sicilianu: Laurus nobilis
Simple English: Bay laurel
slovenčina: Vavrín pravý
slovenščina: Navadni lovor
српски / srpski: Ловор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lovor
suomi: Laakeripuu
svenska: Lager (växt)
Türkçe: Akdeniz defnesi
українська: Лавр благородний
vèneto: Doraro
Tiếng Việt: Nguyệt quế
粵語: 月桂
žemaitėška: Babka
中文: 月桂