Laurence Sterne

Laurence Sterne
Portrait of Laurence Sterne by Joshua Reynolds, 1760
Portrait of Laurence Sterne by Joshua Reynolds, 1760
Born(1713-11-24)24 November 1713
Clonmel, County Tipperary, Kingdom of Ireland
Died18 March 1768(1768-03-18) (aged 54)
London, England
OccupationNovelist, clergyman
NationalityAnglo-Irish
Alma materJesus College, Cambridge
Notable worksThe Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy
A Political Romance
SpouseElizabeth Lumley

Laurence Sterne (24 November 1713 – 18 March 1768) was an Irish-born English novelist and an Anglican clergyman. He wrote the novels The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy, and also published many sermons, wrote memoirs, and was involved in local politics. Sterne died in London after years of fighting tuberculosis.

Early life and education

Laurence Sterne by Joseph Nollekens, 1766, National Portrait Gallery, London

Sterne was born in Clonmel, County Tipperary. His father, Roger Sterne, was an ensign in a British regiment recently returned from Dunkirk, which was disbanded on the day of Sterne's birth. Within six months the family had returned to Yorkshire, and in July 1715 they moved back to Ireland, having "decamped with Bag & Baggage for Dublin", in Sterne's words.[1]

The first decade of Sterne's life was spent moving from place to place as his father was reassigned throughout Ireland. During this period Sterne never lived in one place for more than a year. In addition to Clonmel and Dublin, his family also lived in, among other places, Wicklow Town, Annamoe (County Wicklow), Drogheda (County Louth), Castlepollard (County Westmeath), and Carrickfergus (County Antrim).[2] In 1724, his father took Sterne to Roger's wealthy brother, Richard, so that Sterne could attend Hipperholme Grammar School near Halifax; Sterne never saw his father again as Roger was ordered to Jamaica where he died of a fever in 1731. Sterne was admitted to a sizarship at Jesus College, Cambridge, in July 1733 at the age of 20.[3] His great-grandfather Richard Sterne had been the Master of the college as well as the Archbishop of York. Sterne graduated with a degree of Bachelor of Arts in January 1737; and returned in the summer of 1740 to be awarded his Master of Arts degree.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: لورنس ستيرن
azərbaycanca: Lourens Stern
تۆرکجه: لارنس استرن
беларуская: Лорэнс Стэрн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лоўрэнс Стэрн
български: Лорънс Стърн
čeština: Laurence Sterne
Ελληνικά: Λώρενς Στερν
español: Laurence Sterne
Esperanto: Laurence Sterne
français: Laurence Sterne
한국어: 로렌스 스턴
Հայերեն: Լորենս Սթեռն
íslenska: Laurence Sterne
italiano: Laurence Sterne
Nederlands: Laurence Sterne
português: Laurence Sterne
română: Laurence Sterne
русский: Стерн, Лоренс
slovenčina: Laurence Sterne
српски / srpski: Лоренс Стерн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Laurence Sterne
Türkçe: Laurence Sterne
українська: Лоренс Стерн