Laptop

A Lenovo laptop

A laptop, often called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid. The "clamshell" is opened up to use the computer. Laptops are folded shut for transportation, and thus are suitable for mobile use.[1] Although originally there was a distinction between laptops and notebooks, the former being bigger and heavier than the latter, as of 2014, there is often no longer any difference.[2] Laptops are commonly used in a variety of settings, such as at work, in education, in playing games, Internet surfing, for personal multimedia and general home computer use.

A standard laptop combines the components, inputs, outputs, and capabilities of a desktop computer, including the display screen, small speakers, a keyboard, hard disk drive, optical disc drive pointing devices (such as a touchpad or trackpad), a processor, and memory into a single unit. Most modern laptops feature integrated webcams and built-in microphones, while many also have touchscreens. Laptops can be powered either from an internal battery or by an external power supply from an AC adapter. Hardware specifications, such as the processor speed and memory capacity, significantly vary between different types, makes, models and price points.

Design elements, form factor and construction can also vary significantly between models depending on intended use. Examples of specialized models of laptops include rugged notebooks for use in construction or military applications, as well as low production cost laptops such as those from the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) organization, which incorporate features like solar charging and semi-flexible components not found on most laptop computers. Portable computers, which later developed into modern laptops, were originally considered to be a small niche market, mostly for specialized field applications, such as in the military, for accountants, or for traveling sales representatives. As portable computers evolved into the modern laptop, they became widely used for a variety of purposes.[3]

Terminology variants

The terms laptop and notebook are used interchangeably to describe a portable computer in English, although in some parts of the world one or the other may be preferred. There is some question as to the original etymology and specificity of either term—the term laptop appears to have been coined in the early 1980s to describe a mobile computer which could be used on one's lap, and to distinguish these devices from earlier, much heavier, portable computers (informally called "luggables"). The term "notebook" appears to have gained currency somewhat later as manufacturers started producing even smaller portable devices, further reducing their weight and size and incorporating a display roughly the size of A4 paper; these were marketed as notebooks to distinguish them from bulkier laptops.[4] Regardless of the etymology, by the late 1990s, the terms were interchangeable.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Skootrekenaar
አማርኛ: ላፕቶፕ
العربية: حاسوب محمول
беларуская: Ноўтбук
भोजपुरी: लैपटाप
bosanski: Laptop
Чӑвашла: Ноутбук
čeština: Notebook
Cymraeg: Gliniadur
Deutsch: Notebook
Esperanto: Tekokomputilo
فارسی: لپ‌تاپ
føroyskt: Fartelda
Gaelg: Glioonag
galego: Portátil
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sú-thì thien-nó
한국어: 랩톱 컴퓨터
Հայերեն: Նոթբուք
हिन्दी: लैपटॉप
Bahasa Indonesia: Komputer jinjing
isiZulu: Ilaptop
íslenska: Fartölva
עברית: מחשב נייד
Basa Jawa: Laptop
ქართული: ლეპტოპი
қазақша: Ноутбук
latviešu: Klēpjdators
magyar: Laptop
македонски: Преносен сметач
मराठी: लॅपटॉप
მარგალური: ლეპტოპი
مصرى: لاب توب
مازِرونی: لپ‌تاب
Bahasa Melayu: Komputer riba
Nederlands: Laptop
नेपाली: ल्याप्टप
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Laptop
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲੈਪਟਾਪ
polski: Laptop
português: Laptop
română: Laptop
русский: Ноутбук
shqip: Laptopi
Simple English: Laptop
slovenčina: Laptop
slovenščina: Prenosnik
српски / srpski: Лаптоп
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Laptop
Basa Sunda: Léptop
svenska: Bärbar dator
українська: Ноутбук
اردو: لیپ ٹاپ
Tiếng Việt: Máy tính xách tay
Winaray: Laptop
粵語: 手提電腦