SpecialtyGeneral surgery

A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. It is also known as a celiotomy. The first successful laparotomy was performed without anesthesia by Ephraim McDowell in 1809 in Danville, Kentucky.


The term arises from the Greek word λᾰπάρᾱ ("lapara"), meaning "the soft part of the body between the ribs and hip, flank,"[1] and the suffix "-tomy" arising from the Greek word "τομή" meaning "a (surgical) cut."

In diagnostic laparotomy (most often referred to as an exploratory laparotomy and abbreviated ex-lap), the nature of the disease is unknown, and laparotomy is deemed the best way to identify the cause.

In therapeutic laparotomy, a cause has been identified (e.g. colon cancer) and the operation is required for its therapy.

Usually, only exploratory laparotomy is considered a stand-alone surgical operation. When a specific operation is already planned, laparotomy is considered merely the first step of the procedure.

Other Languages
العربية: استكشاف بطني
bosanski: Laparotomija
català: Laparotomia
čeština: Laparotomie
Deutsch: Laparotomie
español: Laparotomía
français: Laparotomie
hrvatski: Laparotomija
Bahasa Indonesia: Laparotomi
italiano: Laparotomia
Nederlands: Laparotomie
日本語: 開腹術
norsk: Laparotomi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Laparotomiya
polski: Laparotomia
português: Laparotomia
русский: Лапаротомия
српски / srpski: Laparotomija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Laparotomija
Tagalog: Laparotomiya
Türkçe: Laparotomi
українська: Лапаротомія