Landsknecht

Image of a Landsknecht in the Nordisk familjebok

The Landsknecht,(pronounced [ˈlantsknɛçt]) plural Landsknechte , were mercenary soldiers who became an important military force through late 15th- and 16th-century Europe. Consisting predominantly of German mercenary pikemen and supporting foot soldiers, they were the universal mercenaries of early modern Europe, sometimes fighting on both sides of a conflict.

Etymology

Landsknechte, etching by Daniel Hopfer, c. 1530

The Germanic compound Landsknecht (earlier Lantknecht, without Fugen-"s") combines Land and Knecht to form "servant of the land." The compound Lantknecht was used during the 15th century for bailiffs or court ushers.

The word Landsknecht first appeared in the German language circa 1470 to describe certain troops in the army of Charles, Duke of Burgundy. As early as 1500, the term was morphed into Lanzknecht, referring to the unit's use of the pike as its main weapon.[1]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Landsknecht
العربية: لاندسكنيشت
català: Lansquenet
čeština: Lancknecht
Deutsch: Landsknecht
Ελληνικά: Λάντσκνεχτ
español: Lansquenete
euskara: Landsknecht
français: Lansquenet
Frysk: Lânsfeint
Bahasa Indonesia: Landsknecht
italiano: Lanzichenecchi
עברית: לאנדסקנכט
Latina: Landsknecti
lietuvių: Landsknechtai
norsk: Landsknekt
polski: Landsknecht
português: Lansquenete
русский: Ландскнехт
српски / srpski: Ландскнехти
svenska: Landsknekt
Türkçe: Landsknecht
українська: Ландскнехт
Tiếng Việt: Landsknecht
中文: 國土傭僕