Lahore (/) (
Urdu: لاہور) is the
capital city of the
Pakistani province of
Punjab. It is the second-most populous
Karachi, and the
32nd most populous city in the world.
 The city is located in the north-eastern end of Pakistan's Punjab province, near the border with the
Indian state of
Punjab. Lahore is ranked as a
 and is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion (
PPP) as of 2014.
Lahore is the historic cultural centre of the
 and is the largest
Punjabi city in the world.
 The city has a long history, and was once under the rule of the
Ghurids, and the
Delhi Sultanate. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the
Mughal Empire, serving as its capital city for a number of years. The city was captured by the forces of
Persian Safavid Emperor
Nader Shah during his
invasion of the Mughal Empire. The city was then contested between different powers before it became capital of the
Sikh Empire, and then the capital of the Punjab under
 Lahore was central to the independence movements of both
Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the
declaration of Indian Independence, and the
resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Following the
independence of Pakistan in 1947, Lahore became the capital of Pakistan's
Lahore is one of Pakistan's most
 and cosmopolitan cities.
 It exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan.
 Lahore is a major centre for Pakistan's publishing industry, and remains the foremost centre of Pakistan's literary scene. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan,
 with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city.
 Lahore is also home to Pakistan's film industry,
Lollywood, and is a major centre of
 The city also hosts much of
Pakistan's tourist industry,
 with major attractions including the old
Walled City, numerous
Sikh shrines, and the
Wazir Khan mosques. Lahore is also home to the
World Heritage Sites of
Lahore Fort and