Lahore

Lahore
لہور
لاہور
Metropolis
Lahorecollage3.jpg
Official logo of Lahore
Emblem
Nickname(s):
Lahore is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is located in Pakistan
Lahore
Lahore
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°32′59″N 74°20′37″E / 31°32′59″N 74°20′37″E / 31.54972; 74.34361
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Lahore
Metropolitan corporation 2013
Named for Lava [2] [3] [4]
City Council Lahore
Towns 10
Government
 •  Mayor of Lahore Mubashir Javed
 •  Deputy Mayor of Lahore 9 zonal Mayors
Area [5]
 • Total 550 km2 (212 sq mi)
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2017) [6]
 • Total 11,126,285.
 • Density 202,048/km2 (524,181/sq mi)
  2017 Census of Pakistan
Demonym(s) Lahori
Time zone PKT ( UTC+5)
Postal code 54000
Dialing code 042 [7]
HDI 0.71 Increase [8]
HDI Category High

Lahore ( ɔər/) ( Punjabi: لہور; Urdu: لاہور‎) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is the second-most populous city in Pakistan after Karachi. [6] The city is located in the north-eastern end of Pakistan's Punjab province, near the border with the Indian state of Punjab. Lahore is ranked as a beta-world city, [9] and is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion ( PPP) as of 2014. [10]

Lahore is the historic cultural centre of the Punjab region, [11] [12] [13] and is the largest Punjabi city in the world. [14] The city has a long history, and was once under the rule of the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and the Delhi Sultanate. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire, serving as its capital city for a number of years. The city was captured by the forces of Persian Afsharid Emperor Nader Shah during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. The city was then contested between different powers before it became capital of the Sikh Empire, and then the capital of the Punjab under British rule. [15] Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Lahore became the capital of Pakistan's Punjab province.

Lahore is one of Pakistan's most liberal [16] and cosmopolitan cities. [17] It exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. [12] Lahore is a major centre for Pakistan's publishing industry, and remains the foremost centre of Pakistan's literary scene. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, [18] with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city. [19] Lahore is also home to Pakistan's film industry, Lollywood, and is a major centre of Qawwali music. [20] The city also hosts much of Pakistan's tourist industry, [20] [21] with major attractions including the old Walled City, numerous Sikh shrines, and the Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques. Lahore is also home to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens. [21]

Etymology

A legend based on oral traditions holds that Lahore was known in ancient times as Lavapuri (City of Lava in Sanskrit), [22] and was founded by Prince Lava, [23] the son of Sita and Rama, while Kasur was founded by his twin brother Prince Kusha. [24]

The oldest authentic document about Lahore, the Hudud-i-Alam (The Regions of the World), was written anonymously in 982. [25] In 1927 it was translated into English by Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky and published in Lahore. In this document, Lahore is referred to as a small shehr (city) with "impressive temples, large markets and huge orchards." It refers to "two major markets around which dwellings exist," and it also mentions "the mud walls that enclose these two dwellings to make it one." The original document is currently held in the British Museum. [26] Lahore was called by different names throughout history. To date there is no conclusive evidence as to when it was founded. Some historians trace the history of the city as far back as 4000 years ago. [27]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lahore
العربية: لاهور
asturianu: Lahore
azərbaycanca: Lahor
تۆرکجه: لاهور
বাংলা: লাহোর
Bân-lâm-gú: Lahore
беларуская: Лахор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лагор
भोजपुरी: लाहौर
български: Лахор
bosanski: Lahore
буряад: Лахор
català: Lahore
čeština: Láhaur
Cymraeg: Lahore
dansk: Lahore
Deutsch: Lahore
eesti: Lahore
Ελληνικά: Λαχόρη
español: Lahore
Esperanto: Lahore
euskara: Lahore
فارسی: لاهور
Fiji Hindi: Lahore
français: Lahore
Gaeilge: Lahore
galego: Lahore
ગુજરાતી: લાહોર
한국어: 라호르
Հայերեն: Լահոր
हिन्दी: लाहौर
hrvatski: Lahore
Ido: Lahore
Bahasa Indonesia: Lahore
Interlingue: Lahore
íslenska: Lahore
italiano: Lahore
עברית: לאהור
Basa Jawa: Lahore
kalaallisut: Lahore
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಲಾಹೋರ್
ქართული: ლაჰორი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: لوہوٗر
Кыргызча: Лахор
Latina: Lahorium
latviešu: Lahora
lietuvių: Lahoras
magyar: Lahor
македонски: Лахор
മലയാളം: ലാഹോർ
Māori: Lahore
मराठी: लाहोर
მარგალური: ლაჰორი
مازِرونی: لاهور
Bahasa Melayu: Lahore
монгол: Лахор
Nederlands: Lahore
नेपाली: लाहोर
日本語: ラホール
нохчийн: Лахор
norsk: Lahore
norsk nynorsk: Lahore
олык марий: Лахор
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lohur
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲਹੌਰ
پنجابی: لہور
پښتو: لاهور
polski: Lahaur
português: Lahore
română: Lahore
русский: Лахор
संस्कृतम्: लाहोर
Scots: Lahore
shqip: Lahore
Simple English: Lahore
سنڌي: لاهور
slovenčina: Láhaur
ślůnski: Lahaur
کوردی: لاھۆر
српски / srpski: Лахор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lahore
suomi: Lahore
svenska: Lahore
தமிழ்: லாகூர்
татарча/tatarça: Lahor
తెలుగు: లాహోర్
Türkçe: Lahor
українська: Лахор
اردو: لاہور
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Lahor
vepsän kel’: Lahor
Tiếng Việt: Lahore
Winaray: Lahore
吴语: 拉合尔
Yorùbá: Lahore
粵語: 拉合爾
中文: 拉合爾