La finta giardiniera

La finta giardiniera
Opera by W. A. Mozart
Martini bologna mozart 1777.jpg
The composer in 1777, by an unknown painter
Language Italian
Premiere 13 January 1775 (1775-01-13)
Munich

La finta giardiniera ("The Pretend Garden-Girl"), K. 196, is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart wrote it in Munich in January 1775 when he was 18 years old and it received its first performance on January 13 at the Salvator theater in Munich. There is debate over the authorship of the libretto; often ascribed to Calzabigi, some have attributed it to Giuseppe Petrosellini, but it is questioned whether it is in the latter's style. [1]

In 1780 Mozart converted the opera into a German Singspiel called Die Gärtnerin aus Liebe (also Die verstellte Gärtnerin), which involved rewriting some of the music. Until a copy of the complete Italian version was found in the 1970s, the German translation was the only known complete score.

Roles

Role Voice type Premiere cast, January 13, 1775
(Conductor: Johann Nepomuk Cröner)
Don Anchise, the Podestà (Mayor) of
Lagonero, in love with Sandrina
tenor Augustin Sutor
Marchioness Violante Onesti (Sandrina),
disguised as a gardener
soprano Rosa Manservisi
Arminda, niece of Don Anchise,
engaged to Belfiore, formerly in love with Ramiro
soprano Sutor
Contino Belfiore, engaged to Arminda tenor Giovanni Valesi
Cavalier Ramiro, Arminda's rejected suitor mezzo-soprano castrato Tommaso Consoli
Serpetta, the Podestà's servant, in love
with the Podestà
soprano Teresina Manservisi
Roberto (Nardo), Violante's servant,
disguised as a gardener
bass Giovanni Rossi