La Recoleta Cemetery

La Recoleta Cemetery
La Recoleta Cemetery (41054043562).jpg
Aerial view of the cemetery in 2018
La Recoleta Cemetery is located in Buenos Aires
La Recoleta Cemetery
Location in Buenos Aires
Details
Established1822[1]
Location
Junín 1760,[2] Buenos Aires
CountryArgentina
Coordinates34°35′17″S 58°23′35″W / 34°35′17″S 58°23′35″W / -34.58806; -58.39306
TypePublic
Size5.5 hectares (14 acres)[3]
No. of graves4691 vaults[4]
La Recoleta Cemetery

La Recoleta Cemetery (Spanish: Cementerio de la Recoleta) is a cemetery located in the Recoleta neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It contains the graves of notable people, including Eva Perón, presidents of Argentina, Nobel Prize winners, the founder of the Argentine Navy, and a granddaughter of Napoleon. In 2011, the BBC hailed it as one of the world's best cemeteries,[5] and in 2013, CNN listed it among the 10 most beautiful cemeteries in the world.[6]

History

The monks of the Order of the Recoletos arrived in this area, then the outskirts of Buenos Aires, in the early eighteenth century. The cemetery is built around their convent and a church, Our Lady of Pilar (Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Pilar), built in 1732. The order was disbanded in 1822, and the garden of the convent was converted into the first public cemetery in Buenos Aires. Inaugurated on 17 November of the same year under the name of Cementerio del Norte (Northern Cemetery),[7] those responsible for its creation were the then-Governor Martin Rodríguez, who would be eventually buried in the cemetery, and government minister Bernardino Rivadavia.[1] The 1822 layout was done by French civil engineer Próspero Catelin, who also designed the current facade of the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral.[8] The cemetery was last remodeled in 1881, while Torcuato de Alvear was mayor of the city, by the Italian architect Juan Antonio Buschiazzo.[9]