La Paz, Baja California Sur

La Paz
City
Cathedral of La Paz, Baja California .jpg
Parque Acuatico El Coromuel.jpg
Catedral de nuestra señora de La Paz.JPG
Balandra.jpeg
Cathedral of La Paz, Baja California 02.jpg
La Paz coastline.jpg
From up to down and left to right: Cathedral of La Paz, El Coromuel Water Park, Cathedral of our lady of La Paz, Stone in Playa Balandra, Inside the Cathedral of La Paz and Playa Balandra
Flag of La Paz
Flag
Coat of arms of La Paz
Coat of arms
La Paz is located in Baja California Sur
La Paz
La Paz
Location of La Paz in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 24°08′32″N 110°18′39″W / 24°08′32″N 110°18′39″W / 24.14222; -110.31083
CountryMexico
StateBaja California Sur
MunicipalityLa Paz
FoundedMay 3, 1535
named La Paz1596
Government
 • Municipal presidentLic. Armando Martinez Vega (PAN)
Elevation27 m (89 ft)
Population (2015 [1])
 • City244,219 [1]
 • Metro290,286 [1]
 Data source: INEGI
Time zoneMST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC−6)
Websitewww.lapaz.gob.mx
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

La Paz (pronounced [la ˈpas] (About this sound listen), Peace) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants,[1] making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).[2]

The population of La Paz has grown greatly since the 2000s. The growth is largely because the city has one of the highest standards of living and quality of life in Mexico. Many workers migrate to La Paz and other areas in Baja California Sur.

La Paz is served by the Manuel Márquez de León International Airport with flights to the most important cities of Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey. Airlines flying into La Paz include Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris and VivaAerobus. Two ferry services operate from the port of Pichilingue outside the city, connecting the Baja California peninsula to the mainland at Mazatlán and Topolobampo, near Los Mochis.

History

La Paz was first inhabited by Neolithic hunter-gatherers at least 10,000 years ago who left traces of their existence in the form of rock paintings near the city and throughout the Baja California Peninsula. Fortun Ximenez piloted the Concepcion into the bay in late 1533. He and twenty-two of his crew were killed by the native population.[3] On May 3, 1535, Hernán Cortés arrived in the bay by La Paz and named it "Santa Cruz"; he attempted to start a colony but abandoned his efforts after several years due to logistical problems.[4] In 1596 Sebastián Vizcaíno arrived, giving the area its modern name, La Paz.

From January 10, 1854 to May 8, 1854 it served as the capital of William Walker's Republic of Sonora. The project collapsed due to lack of US support and pressure from the Mexican government to retake the region.

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: La Paz, Baja California Sur
српски / srpski: Ла Паз (Мексико)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: La Paz, La Paz