La Foncalada

La Foncalada
UNESCO World Heritage site
Foncalada 5.JPG
LocationOviedo, Asturias, Spain
Part ofMonuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iv)
Reference312-006
Inscription1985 (9th Session)
Extensions1998
Area0.001 ha (0.0025 acres)
Buffer zone1.58 ha (3.9 acres)
Coordinates43°21′55.0″N 5°50′45.6″W / 43°21′55.0″N 5°50′45.6″W / 43.365278; -5.846000
La Foncalada is located in Asturias
La Foncalada
Location of La Foncalada in Asturias.
La Foncalada is located in Spain
La Foncalada
La Foncalada (Spain)

The Foncalada is a fountain of potable water located outside the city walls of Oviedo, Asturias, Spain; it was built by king Alfonso III of Asturias in the 9th century. This building remains the only surviving civil architectural item for public use of the Early Middle Ages. Its name was given after the inscription in Latin: fontem calatam written on it. Built in Pre-Romanesque style, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list since 1998.

It was originally placed near the city walls, next to an ancient Roman road. The decoration on top depicts the Victory Cross, symbol of Asturias.

Building

This public fountain is erected over a spring. The source is a rectangle of about 4 metres (13 ft) wide. It has a shape of a vaulted chapel and is crowned by the royal ensign of the Victory Cross. Below the Asturian Cross, two inscriptions remain:

(Hoc Sign) O Tvetvr Pivs, Hoc Signo Vi (Ncitvr, Inimicvs)
"With this sign the pious are protected, With this sign you shall defeat the enemy"

(Signvm Salvtis Po) Ne Domine In Fonte (Ista Vt Non Permitas) Introire Angelvm Percv (Tientem)
"Lord, put the sign of the salvation on this fountain to not allow hitting angel to enter"

Other Languages
Deutsch: La Foncalada
Ελληνικά: Λα Φονκαλάδα
español: Foncalada
français: La Foncalada
پنجابی: لا فونکلادا
Türkçe: La Foncalada