Kyushu

Kyushu
Native name:
九州
Terra Kyushu 20091028.jpg
Satellite picture of Kyushu
Japan kyushu map small.png
Kyushu region of Japan and the current prefectures on the island of Kyushu
Geography
LocationEast Asia
ArchipelagoJapanese Archipelago
Area36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi)
Area rank37th
Coastline12,221 km (7,593.8 mi)
Highest elevation1,791 m (5,876 ft)
Highest pointMount Kujū[1]
Administration
Prefectures Fukuoka Prefecture
 Kagoshima Prefecture
 Kumamoto Prefecture
 Miyazaki Prefecture
 Nagasaki Prefecture
 Ōita Prefecture
 Okinawa Prefecture
 Saga Prefecture
Largest settlementFukuoka
Demographics
Population12,970,479 (2016)
Pop. density307.13 /km2 (795.46 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Kyushu (九州, Kyūshū, literally "Nine Provinces"; Japanese: [kʲɯːꜜɕɯː]) is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.[2] Its alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国, "Nine Provinces"), Chinzei (鎮西, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaidō (西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

In the 8th century Taihō Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.[3]

As of 2016, Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).[4]

Geography

The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits.

The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.

Today's Kyushu Region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

Other Languages
Acèh: Kyushu
Afrikaans: Kioesjoe
العربية: كيوشو
azərbaycanca: Kyuşu
বাংলা: কিউশু
Bân-lâm-gú: Kyûsyû
башҡортса: Кюсю
беларуская: Кюсю
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кюсю
български: Кюшу
bosanski: Kjušu
brezhoneg: Kyūshū
català: Kyūshū
Cebuano: Kyushu
čeština: Kjúšú
Cymraeg: Kyūshū
dansk: Kyushu
Deutsch: Kyūshū
eesti: Kyūshū
Ελληνικά: Κιούσου
español: Kyūshū
Esperanto: Kjuŝuo
euskara: Kyushu
فارسی: کیوشو
føroyskt: Kyushu
français: Kyūshū
Frysk: Kjûsjû
Gaeilge: Kyushu
Gàidhlig: Kyūshū
galego: Kyūshū
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kyūshū
한국어: 규슈
Hausa: Kyushu
հայերեն: Կյուսյու
हिन्दी: क्यूशू
hrvatski: Kyushu
Ilokano: Kyushu
Bahasa Indonesia: Kyushu
Interlingue: Kyūshū
italiano: Kyūshū
עברית: קיושו
Kapampangan: Kyūshū
ქართული: კიუსიუ
қазақша: Кюсю
Kiswahili: Kyushu
Кыргызча: Кюшю
Latina: Ximum
latviešu: Kjusju
lietuvių: Kiūšiū
magyar: Kjúsú
македонски: Кјушу
മലയാളം: ക്യൂഷൂ
मराठी: क्युशू
Bahasa Melayu: Kyūshū
Nederlands: Kyushu
日本語: 九州
norsk: Kyushu
norsk nynorsk: Kyushu
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kyusyu
پنجابی: کیوشو
ភាសាខ្មែរ: តំបន់ឃ្ជឺស្សឺ
Tok Pisin: Kyushu
polski: Kiusiu
português: Kyushu
română: Kyushu
Runa Simi: Kyushu
русский: Кюсю
саха тыла: Кюсю
Scots: Kyushu
shqip: Kyūshū
සිංහල: කියුෂූ
Simple English: Kyūshū
slovenčina: Kjúšu
slovenščina: Kjušu
کوردی: کیووشو
српски / srpski: Кјушу
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kjūshū
Basa Sunda: Kyūshū
suomi: Kyūshū
svenska: Kyushu
தமிழ்: கியூஷூ
татарча/tatarça: Кюсю
Türkçe: Kyūshū
українська: Кюсю
اردو: کیوشو
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كيۇسيۇ ئارىلى
Tiếng Việt: Kyushu
Winaray: Kyushu
吴语: 九州岛
粵語: 九州
žemaitėška: Kiūšiū