Kumamoto

Kumamoto
熊本市
Designated city
Kumamoto City
From top left:Central Kumamoto view from Kumamoto Castle, Kumamoto Castle, Kumamoto City Tramway, Fujisaki hachimangu shrine, Suizenji jojuen
From top left:Central Kumamoto view from Kumamoto Castle, Kumamoto Castle, Kumamoto City Tramway, Fujisaki hachimangu shrine, Suizenji jojuen
Flag of Kumamoto
Flag
Official seal of Kumamoto
Symbol
Location of Kumamoto in Kumamoto Prefecture
Location of Kumamoto in Kumamoto Prefecture
Kumamoto is located in Japan
Kumamoto
Kumamoto
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 32°47′N 130°44′E / 32°47′N 130°44′E / 32.783; 130.733
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureKumamoto Prefecture
Government
 • MayorKazufumi Ōnishi[1][2]
Area
 • Total389.53 km2 (150.40 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2017)
 • Total737,812
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Symbols
 • TreeGinkgo
 • FlowerCamellia
 • BirdGreat tit
Time zoneJapan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address1-1 Tetorisai-machi, Chūō-ku, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto-ken
860-8601
Websitewww.city.kumamoto.jp
A map showing Kumamoto Metropolitan Employment Area.

Kumamoto (熊本市, Kumamoto-shi) is the capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 737,812[3] and a population density of 1,900 persons per km2. The total area is 389.53 km2.

Greater Kumamoto (熊本都市圏) had a population of 1,460,000, as of the 2000 census. As of 2010, Kumamoto Metropolitan Employment Area has a GDP of US$39.8 billion.[4][5] It is not considered part of the Fukuoka–Kitakyushu metropolitan area, despite their shared border. The city was designated on April 1, 2012 by government ordinance.

History

Katō Kiyomasa, a contemporary of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was made daimyōs of half of the (old) administrative region of Higo in 1588. After that, Kiyomasa built Kumamoto Castle. Due to its many innovative defensive designs, Kumamoto Castle was considered impregnable, and Kiyomasa enjoyed a reputation as one of the finest castle-builders in Japanese history. After Kiyomasa died in 1611, his son, Tadahiro, succeeded him. Tadahiro was removed by Tokugawa Iemitsu in 1632, replacing him with the Hosokawa clan.

The current administrative body of the City of Kumamoto was founded on April 1, 1889.

Near the end of World War II, Kumamoto experienced several air raids. The greatest one was on the night of June 30 to July 1, 1945. About one third of the city was burned, and more than 300 people died.

After the effects of the air raids, the Japanese Buddhist monk Nichidatsu Fujii decided to construct a Peace Pagoda atop Mount Hanaoka in the city to commemorate all those lost in war and to promote peace. Inaugurated in 1954,[citation needed] this pagoda held significance: It inspired[citation needed] Fujii and his followers to build over 80 more around the world including India, Sri Lanka, the United States and the United Kingdom.

On February 1, 1991, the towns of Akita, Kawachi, Tenmei and Hokubu (all from Hōtaku District) were merged into Kumamoto.

On October 6, 2008, the town of Tomiai (from Shimomashiki District) was merged into Kumamoto.

On March 23, 2010, the town of Jōnan (also from Shimomashiki District) and the town of Ueki (from Kamoto District) were merged into Kumamoto.[6]

A series of earthquakes struck the area beginning April 14, 2016, including a tremor with moment magnitude 7.1 early in the morning of April 16, 2016, local time.[7]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Kumamoto (şəhər)
Bân-lâm-gú: Kumamoto-chhī
беларуская: Кумамота
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кумамота (горад)
български: Кумамото
català: Kumamoto
čeština: Kumamoto
chiTumbuka: Kumamoto
Cymraeg: Kumamoto
Deutsch: Kumamoto
eesti: Kumamoto
español: Kumamoto
Esperanto: Kumamoto (urbo)
euskara: Kumamoto
français: Kumamoto
Gaeilge: Kumamoto
galego: Kumamoto
Gĩkũyũ: Kumamoto
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kumamoto-sṳ
한국어: 구마모토 시
hrvatski: Kumamoto
Bahasa Indonesia: Kumamoto, Kumamoto
italiano: Kumamoto
ქართული: კუმამოტო
Кыргызча: Кумамото шаары
lietuvių: Kumamotas
magyar: Kumamoto
مازِرونی: کوماموتو (شهر)
Bahasa Melayu: Kumamoto
монгол: Күмамото
Nederlands: Kumamoto (stad)
日本語: 熊本市
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kumamoto
polski: Kumamoto
português: Kumamoto (cidade)
română: Kumamoto
Runa Simi: Kumamoto
Scots: Kumamoto
Simple English: Kumamoto, Kumamoto
српски / srpski: Кумамото
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kumamoto
suomi: Kumamoto
svenska: Kumamoto
тоҷикӣ: Кумамото
Türkçe: Kumamoto
українська: Кумамото
Tiếng Việt: Kumamoto (thành phố)
文言: 熊本市
Winaray: Kumamoto
吴语: 熊本市
粵語: 熊本市
中文: 熊本市