Kristiansund

Kristiansund kommune
Municipality
View of Kristiansund
View of Kristiansund
Coat of arms of Kristiansund kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kristiansund kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Kristiansund within Møre og Romsdal
Kristiansund within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 63°06′37″N 07°43′40″E / 63°06′37″N 07°43′40″E / Data from Statistics Norway

Kristiansund [krɪstjɑnˈsʉnː] (About this sound listen) (historically Christianssund and earlier Fosna) is a city and municipality on the western coast of Norway in the Nordmøre district of Møre og Romsdal county. It was officially awarded township status in 1742, and it is still the major town for the region. The administrative center of the municipality is the city of Kristiansund. Other settlements in the municipality include the villages of Kvalvåg, Rensvik, and Nedre Frei.

The town of Kristiansund is the largest settlement in the municipality. The 8.15-square-kilometre (2,010-acre) city has a population (2016) of 18,355 which gives the city a population density of 2,252 inhabitants per square kilometre (5,830/sq mi).[2]

The 87-square-kilometre (34 sq mi) municipality is the 388th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Kristiansund is the 46th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 24,442. The municipality's population density is 283.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (735/sq mi) and its population has increased by 8.5% over the last decade.[3]

General information

The parish of Christianssund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1897, the Grip archipelago was separated from Kristiansund Municipality to become a separate municipality. On 1 January 1964, Kristiansund Municipality was merged with the tiny Grip Municipality (population: 104) to the northwest and the Dale area of Bremsnes Municipality on Nordlandet island (population: 963).[4] The neighboring Frei Municipality was merged with Kristiansund on 1 January 2008 creating a much larger Kristiansund Municipality.

Toponymy

The city, formerly named Christianssund, is named after the Danish-Norwegian king Christian VI in 1742. The last element of the name, sund, means "strait". The old name of the town/village (originally the island Kirkelandet) was Fosna or Fosen (Old Norse: fólgsn) which means "hiding place" (here 'hidden port'). It was also often named Lille Fosen ("the small Fosen") to distinguish it from the island Storfosna ("the big Fosen") in Ørland.

Before 1877, the name was written Christianssund, from 1877 to 1888 it was spelled Kristianssund, and since 1889 it has had its present spelling, Kristiansund.

Before the introduction of postal codes in Norway in 1968, it was easy to confuse the name Kristiansund with Kristiansand in the south. It was therefore obligatory to always add an N (for north) to Kristiansund (Kristiansund N) and an S (for south) to Kristiansand (Kristiansand S). This is pretty much still practiced and also occurs in some other contexts than postal addresses.

Coat-of-arms

The Coat-of-arms is from 1742. It shows a waterfall because the old name of the town (Fosen) was misinterpreted as Fossund (as a compound of foss which means waterfall and sund which means strait). There are, however, no waterfalls in the municipality.

Another myth concerning the coat-of-arms is that there was a mix up, between Kristiansund's and Molde's intended shield. The Dano-Norwegian government officials in charge of the giving of the coats, had a party to remember the momentous occasion and became too drunk and hungover to remember which was which, and so Molde got the coat with a whale (which are scarce in between the Romsdal fjords) and Kristiansund got the waterfall (since Molde is on the mainland and Kristiansund lies in the open sea, it would be more likely that the waterfall was intended for Molde's mountains and the whales for Kristiansund.)

Churches

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Kristiansund. It is part of the Ytre Nordmøre deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Kristiansund
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kristiansund Kirkelandet Church Kirkelandet island 1964
Grip Stave Church Grip island 1470
Nordlandet Nordlandet Church Nordlandet island 1914
Frei Frei Church Nedre Frei 1897

St. Eystein Catholic Church is the only Catholic church in Kristiansund.

Other Languages
العربية: كريستيانسوند
Bân-lâm-gú: Kristiansund
български: Кристиансун
català: Kristiansund
čeština: Kristiansund
davvisámegiella: Kristiansund
Deutsch: Kristiansund
Ελληνικά: Κρίστιανσουντ
español: Kristiansund
euskara: Kristiansund
français: Kristiansund
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ক্রিস্টিয়ানসুন্ড
íslenska: Kristjánssund
italiano: Kristiansund
Basa Jawa: Kristiansund
Latina: Kristiansund
lietuvių: Kristiansiundas
Limburgs: Kristiansund
magyar: Kristiansund
Bahasa Melayu: Kristiansund
Nederlands: Kristiansund
norsk nynorsk: Kristiansund kommune
Plattdüütsch: Kommun Kristiansund
polski: Kristiansund
português: Kristiansund
română: Kristiansund
русский: Кристиансунн
slovenščina: Kristiansund
српски / srpski: Кристијансунд
Türkçe: Kristiansund
Tiếng Việt: Kristiansund
Winaray: Kristiansund