Kremlin (fortification)

The Moscow Kremlin, which is the best-known one

A kremlin (Russian: кремль, tr. kreml’, IPA: [ˈkrʲemlʲ], "castle", or "citadel"[1]) is a major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities.[2] This word is often used to refer to the most famous, the Moscow Kremlin,[3] or metonymically to the government that is based there.[4]

The word perhaps shares a same root as kremen (кремень [krʲɪˈmʲenʲ], "flint").[5]

Short list of Russian cities with kremlins

World Heritage Sites

Intact

The bishop's residence in Rostov, sometimes called a kremlin

In ruins

Existing and unwalled

Traces remain

Modern imitations

[further explanation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kremlin
asturianu: Kremlin
বাংলা: ক্রেমলিন
български: Кремъл
Boarisch: Kreml
català: Kremlin
Чӑвашла: Карман
čeština: Kreml
dansk: Kreml
eesti: Kreml
Ελληνικά: Κρεμλίνο
español: Kremlin
Esperanto: Kremlo
français: Kremlin
Frysk: Kremlyn
galego: Kremlin
한국어: 크레믈
հայերեն: Կրեմլ
हिन्दी: क्रेमलिन
hrvatski: Kremlj
Ido: Kremlin
íslenska: Kreml
italiano: Cremlino
עברית: קרמלין
ქართული: კრემლი
lietuvių: Kremlius
македонски: Кремљ
Bahasa Melayu: Kremlin
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကရင်မလင်
Nederlands: Kremlin
日本語: クレムリ
norsk: Kreml
norsk nynorsk: Kreml
олык марий: Кремль
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kreml
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕ੍ਰੈਮਲਿਨ
پنجابی: کریملن
polski: Kreml
português: Kremlin
русский: Кремль
Simple English: Kremlin
slovenčina: Kremeľ (pevnosť)
slovenščina: Kremelj
српски / srpski: Кремљ
suomi: Kreml
svenska: Kreml
Türkçe: Kremlin
українська: Кремль
Tiếng Việt: Kremli
Winaray: Kremlin
中文: 克里姆林