Ko Chang District

Ko Chang
เกาะช้าง
Amphoe
Ko Chang
Ko Chang
Amphoe location in Trat Province
Amphoe location in Trat Province
Coordinates: 12°6′13″N 102°21′7″E / 12°6′13″N 102°21′7″E / 12.10361; 102.35194
CountryThailand
ProvinceTrat
SeatKo Chang
Area
 • Total212.9 km2 (82.2 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total5,356
 • Density34.6/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zoneICT (UTC+7)
Postal code23170
Geocode2307

Ko Chang (Thai: เกาะช้าง, pronounced [kɔ̀ʔ t͡ɕʰáːŋ]) is an amphoe (district) in Trat Province, Thailand. It is on the Gulf of Thailand's eastern seaboard, 310 km from Bangkok, near the border with Cambodia.[1]

Ko Chang (Chang Island) is the most notable geographic feature in the district. Ko Chang by itself occupies 212.947 km2.[2][1] The district of which it is part occupies some 419 km2.

Confusion has arisen over the size of Ko Chang and whether it is the second (after Phuket) or third (after Phuket and Ko Samui) largest island in Thailand. The confusion likely arises from Ko Chang's inclusion in the Ko Chang District (419 km2) and as the largest island of the Mu Ko Chang National Park (650 km2).[3][4]

Ko Chang's means 'Elephant Island' and derives from its elephant-shaped headland. Despite the presence of elephants on the island, they are not indigenous. At present, there are eight villages on the island.[1]

History

Plaque commemorating the Ko Chang battle

Prior to World War II, Ko Chang was little known. During this period, the few families there made a living growing coconuts and fruits.[citation needed]

On 17 January 1941, Ko Chang was the scene of the Battle of Ko Chang between the Royal Thai Navy and a Vichy French naval squadron, in which the French won a decisive victory. Ko Chang Yutthanawi Day, which occurs in late–January at the Ko Chang Yutthanawi Memorial on Laem Ngop, commemorates the Royal Thai Navy's engagement against the French. There is an exhibition by the Royal Thai Navy, and merit-making and tribute rites are performed.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Ko Chang Kūn
dansk: Koh chang
eesti: Chang
español: Ko Chang
français: Ko Chang
한국어: 꼬 창
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আম্ফোয়ে কো চাং
italiano: Koh Chang
Nederlands: Koh Chang
日本語: チャーン島
polski: Ko Chang
русский: Чанг (остров)
suomi: Ko Chang
svenska: Ko Chang
Tiếng Việt: Ko Chang