Sengoku period battle.jpg
Centuries of feudal warfare in Japan, and the desire to perfect the skills for war, led to the creation of the traditional schools of Japanese martial arts.
Japanese name
Kanji古流 (Koryū) or
古武道 (Kobudō)

Ko-ryū (古流, "old style") is a Japanese term for Japanese martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration (1868). The term is synonymous with Kobudo (古武道, ancient martial arts) and contrasted with Gendai budō "modern martial arts" (or shinbudō "new martial arts") which refer to schools developed after the Meiji Restoration.[1][2]


In Japanese, Ko-ryū (古流) Kobudō (古武道) are normally treated as synonyms (for example, All Japan Kendo Federation,[3]). But in English, the International Hoplology Society makes a distinction between Ko-ryū and Kobudō concerned the origin and the difference between the ranking of priorities concerning combat, morals, discipline and/or aesthetic form.[4]

Description of Koryū

The term Ko-ryū (古流) literally translates as "old school" (ko—old, ryū—school) or "traditional school". Koryū is also a general term for Japanese schools of martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration (1868) which sparked major socio-political changes and led to the modernization of Japan.[5]

The system of Koryū is considered in following priorities order: 1) combat, 2) discipline 3) morals.[6][7]

Description of Kobudō

Kobudō (古武道) is a Japanese term for a system that can be translated as (old) (martial) (way) "old martial art"; the term appeared in the first half of the seventeenth century.[8] Kobudō marks the beginning of the Tokugawa period (1603–1868) also called the Edo period, when the total power was consolidated by the ruling Tokugawa clan.[9]

The system of kobudō is considered in following priorities order: 1) morals, 2) discipline 3) aesthetic form.[6][7]

Other Languages
العربية: كوبودو
asturianu: Koryu
català: Koryū
čeština: Korjú
dansk: Kobudo
Deutsch: Koryū
español: Koryū budō
فارسی: کوبودو
français: Kobudō
galego: Koryu
한국어: 고류무술
hrvatski: Kobudo
italiano: Kobudo
עברית: קוריו
Nederlands: Kobudo
日本語: 古武道
português: Koryū
română: Kobudo
русский: Корю
slovenčina: Korjú
slovenščina: Korju
suomi: Koryū
svenska: Koryu bujutsu
Türkçe: Kobudō
Tiếng Việt: Kobudō