Kingdom of Serbia

Kingdom of Serbia

Краљевина Србија
Kraljevina Srbija
1882–1918
Anthem: 
"Боже правде" / "Bože pravde"
(English: "God of Justice")
The Kingdom of Serbia in 1914
The Kingdom of Serbia in 1914
CapitalBelgrade
Common languagesSerbian
Religion
Serbian Orthodoxy
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King 
• 1882–1889
Milan I
• 1889–1903
Alexander I
• 1903–1918
Peter I
Prime Minister 
• 1882–1883
Milan Piroćanac (first)
• 1912–1918
Nikola Pašić (last)
LegislatureNational Assembly
Historical eraNew Imperialism, World War I
• Proclamation
6 March 1882
1 December 1918
CurrencySerbian dinar
ISO 3166 codeRS
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Today part of Serbia
 Macedonia
 Montenegro

The Kingdom of Serbia (Serbian: Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija) was created when Milan I, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was proclaimed king in 1882.

Since 1817, the Principality was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty (replaced by the Karađorđević dynasty for a short time). The Principality, suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, de facto achieved full independence when the last Ottoman troops left Belgrade in 1867. The Congress of Berlin in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia, and in its composition Nišava, Pirot, Toplica and Vranje districts entered the South part of Serbia.

In 1882, King Milan I proclaimed the Kingdom of Serbia and maintained a foreign policy friendly to Austria-Hungary.

Between 1912 and 1913, Serbia greatly enlarged its territory through engagement in the First and Second Balkan WarsSandžak-Raška, Kosovo Vilayet and Vardar Macedonia were annexed. As outcome of the World War I in 1918 it united with Vojvodina and Kingdom of Montenegro. Towards the end of 1918, Serbia joined with the newly created State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to form the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as Kingdom of Yugoslavia) under the continued rule of the Serbian Karađorđević dynasty.

Principality of Serbia

The Principality of Serbia was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian revolution which lasted between 1804 and 1817. Despite brutal oppression and retaliation by the Ottoman authorities, the revolutionary leaders, first Karađorđe and then Miloš Obrenović, succeeded in their goal to liberate Serbia after centuries of Turkish rule.

At first, the principality included only the territory of the former Pashaluk of Belgrade, but in 1831–1833 it expanded to the east, south, and west. In 1867 the Ottoman army left the Principality, securing its de facto independence.[1] Serbia expanded further to the south-east in 1878, when it won full international recognition at the Congress of Berlin. In 1882 it was raised to the level of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Other Languages
العربية: مملكة صربيا
asturianu: Reinu de Serbia
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каралеўства Сэрбія
български: Кралство Сърбия
español: Reino de Serbia
Bahasa Indonesia: Kerajaan Serbia
italiano: Regno di Serbia
Lingua Franca Nova: Rena de Serbia
македонски: Кралство Србија
Bahasa Melayu: Kerajaan Serbia
Nederlands: Koninkrijk Servië
português: Reino da Sérvia
română: Regatul Serbiei
slovenščina: Kraljevina Srbija
српски / srpski: Краљевина Србија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kraljevina Srbija
Tiếng Việt: Vương quốc Serbia