Kingdom of Naples

Kingdom of Sicily (Naples)
Regnum Neapolitanum (in Latin)
Regne de Nàpols (in Catalan)
Reino de Nápoles (in Spanish)
Regno di Napoli (in Italian)
'Royaume de Naples (in French)
Regno 'e Napule (in Neapolitan)
Sovereign state under Capetian Angevins (1282–1442)
Part of the Crown of Aragon
(1442–1458)
Sovereign state under a cadet branch of the Aragonese House of Trastámara (1458–1501)
Personal union with the Kingdom of France (1501–1504)
Part of the Spanish Empire (1504–1714)
Part of the Habsburg Empire (1714–1735)
Sovereign state under the Bourbons (1735–1806) and (1815–1816)
Client state of the French Empire (1806–1815)

 

1282–1799
1799–1816

 

FlagCoat of arms
Flag under the Aragonese Regime (1442–1458)Coat of arms under the Aragonese Regime
Location of Naples
The territory of the Kingdom of Naples
CapitalNaples
GovernmentFeudal absolute monarchy
King
 • 1282–1285Charles I (first)
 • 1815–1816Ferdinand IV (last)
History
 • Sicilian Vespers1282
 • Peace of Caltabellotta31 August 1302
 • Neapolitan rebellion7 July 1647
 • Treaty of Rastatt7 March 1714
 • Battle of Campo Tenese10 March 1806
 • Two Sicilies established8 December 1816
Area
 • 1450[1]73,223 km2 (28,272 sq mi)
Population
 • 1450[1]+1,500,000 
Density20.5 /km2  (53.1 /sq mi)
Today part of Italy

The Kingdom of Naples (Latin: Regnum Neapolitanum; Catalan: Regne de Nàpols; Spanish: Reino de Nápoles; French: Royaume de Naples; Italian: Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816. It was created as a result of the War of the Sicilian Vespers (1282–1302), when the island of Sicily revolted and was conquered by the Crown of Aragon, becoming a separate Kingdom of Sicily.[2] Naples continued to be officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily, the name of the formerly unified kingdom. For much of its existence, the realm was contested between French and Spanish dynasties. In 1816, it was reunified with the island kingdom of Sicily once again to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Nomenclature

The name "Kingdom of Naples" was not used officially. Officially, under the Angevins it was still the Kingdom of Sicily (regnum Siciliae). The Peace of Caltabellotta (1302) that ended the War of the Vespers provided that the name of the island kingdom would be Trinacria (regnum Trinacriae). This usage did not become established. In the late Middle Ages, it was common to distinguish the two kingdoms named Sicily as being on this or that side of the Punta del Faro, i.e., the Strait of Messina. Naples was citra Farum or al di qua del Faro (on this side of Faro) and Sicily was ultra Farum or di la del Faro (on the other side). When both kingdoms came under the rule of Alfonso the Magnanimous in 1442, this usage became official, although Ferdinand I (1458–94) preferred the simple title King of Sicily (rex Sicilie).[3]

In regular speech and in unofficial documents, especially narrative histories, the Kingdom of Sicily citra Farum was commonly called the Kingdom of Naples (regnum Neapolitanum or regno di Napoli) by the late Middle Ages. It was sometimes even called the regno di Puglia, kingdom of Apulia. In the 18th century, the Neapolitan intellectual Giuseppe Maria Galanti argued that the latter was the true "national" name of the kingdom. By the time of Alfonso the Magnanimous, the two kingdoms were sufficiently distinct that they were no longer seen as divisions of a single kingdom. They remained administratively separate, despite being repeatedly in personal union, until 1816.[3]

The term "Kingdom of Naples" is in near universal use among historians.[3]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Königreich Neapel
العربية: مملكة نابولي
aragonés: Reino de Nápols
azərbaycanca: Napoli Krallığı
Bân-lâm-gú: Napoli Ông-kok
한국어: 나폴리 왕국
Bahasa Indonesia: Kerajaan Napoli
italiano: Regno di Napoli
Lëtzebuergesch: Kinnekräich Neapel
Nederlands: Koninkrijk Napels
日本語: ナポリ王国
Napulitano: Regno 'e Napule
norsk nynorsk: Kongedømet Napoli
português: Reino de Nápoles
sicilianu: Regnu di Napuli
slovenščina: Neapeljsko kraljestvo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Napuljsko Kraljevstvo
Tiếng Việt: Vương quốc Napoli