Khafra (also read as Khafre, Khefren and Greek: Χεφρήν Chephren) was an ancient Egyptian king (pharaoh) of the 4th dynasty during the Old Kingdom. He was the son of Khufu and the throne successor of Djedefre. According to the ancient historian Manetho, Khafra was followed by king Bikheris, but according to archaeological evidences he was rather followed by king Menkaure. Khafra was the builder of the second largest pyramid of Giza. The view held by modern Egyptology at large remains that the Great Sphinx was built in approximately 2500 BC for Khafra.[2] There is not much known about Khafra, except the historical reports of Herodotus, writing 2,000 years after his life and who describes him as a cruel and heretic ruler, who kept the Egyptian temples closed after Khufu had sealed them.


Cartouche name Kha'afre in the Abydos King List

Khafra was a son of king Khufu and the brother and successor of Djedefre.[3] Khafra is thought by some to be the son of Queen Meritites I due to an inscription where he is said to honor her memory.

Kings-wife, his beloved, devoted to Horus, Mertitytes.
King's-wife, his beloved, Mertitytes; beloved of the Favorite of
the Two Goddesses; she who says anything whatsoever and it is done
for her. Great in the favor of Snefr[u] ; great in the favor
of Khuf[u], devoted to Horus, honored under Khafre. Merti[tyt]es.

[Breasted; Ancient Records]

Others argue that the inscription just suggests that this queen died during the reign of Khafre.[4] Khafre may be a son of Queen Henutsen instead.[5]

Khafra had several wives and he had at least 12 sons and 3 or 4 daughters.

Other children of Khafra are known, but no mothers have been identified. Further sons include Ankhmare, Akhre, Iunmin, and Iunre. Two more daughters named Rekhetre and Hemetre are known as well.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Chafra
العربية: خفرع
বাংলা: খাফরে
беларуская: Хефрэн
български: Хефрен
brezhoneg: C'hafra
català: Khefren
čeština: Rachef
Deutsch: Chephren
eesti: Hafra
Ελληνικά: Χεφρήν
español: Kefrén
Esperanto: Ĥafra
euskara: Kefren
فارسی: خفرع
français: Khéphren
Gaeilge: Ceafra
galego: Quefrén
한국어: 카프레
हिन्दी: खफरे
hrvatski: Kafra
Bahasa Indonesia: Khafra
italiano: Chefren
עברית: חאפרו
ქართული: ხეფრენი
Latina: Chephren
latviešu: Hefrens
lietuvių: Chefrenas
magyar: Hafré
مصرى: خفرع
Nederlands: Chefren
日本語: カフラー
occitan: Khafra
polski: Chefren
português: Quéfren
română: Khafra
русский: Хафра
slovenščina: Kefren
کوردی: خه‌فره‌ع
српски / srpski: Кефрен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kefren
suomi: Khafre
svenska: Chefren
Tagalog: Khafra
Türkçe: Kefren
українська: Хафра
Tiếng Việt: Khafre
Winaray: Khafra
Yorùbá: Khafra
中文: 卡夫拉