Kenneth Kaunda

Kenneth Kaunda
Kenneth Kaunda 1983-03-30.jpg
Kaunda during an official visit to the United States in 1983
1st President of Zambia
In office
24 October 1964 – 2 November 1991
Vice PresidentReuben Kamanga
Simon Kapwepwe
Mainza Chona
Preceded byEvelyn Dennison Hone as Governor of Northern Rhodesia
Succeeded byFrederick Chiluba
3rd Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
8 September 1970 – 5 September 1973
Preceded byGamal Abdel Nasser
Succeeded byHouari Boumédienne
Personal details
Born (1924-04-28) 28 April 1924 (age 94)
Chinsali, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia)
NationalityZambian
Political partyUNIP
Spouse(s)Betty Kaunda (1946–2012; her death)
Children8 including Tilyenji Kaunda
ProfessionTeacher
ReligionPresbyterian
Kenneth Kaunda in Frankfurt, West Germany in 1970

Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda (born 28 April 1924),[1] also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991.

Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He followed his father's steps in becoming a teacher. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from British rule. Dissatisfied with Harry Nkumbula's leadership of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party. He was the first President of the independent Zambia. In 1973 following tribal and inter-party violence, all political parties except UNIP were banned through an amendment of the constitution after the signing of the Choma Declaration. At the same time, Kaunda oversaw the acquisition of majority stakes in key foreign-owned companies. The oil crisis of 1973 and a slump in export revenues put Zambia in a state of economic crisis. International pressure forced Kaunda to change the rules that had kept him in power. Multi-party elections took place in 1991, in which Frederick Chiluba, the leader of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy, ousted Kaunda.

Kaunda was briefly stripped of Zambian citizenship in 1999, but the decision was overturned the following year. At 94, he is currently the oldest living former Zambian president.

Early life

Kaunda is the youngest of eight children. He was born at Lubwa Mission in Chinsali, Northern Province of Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia. His father was the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, who was born in Nyasaland (now Malawi) and had moved to Chinsali to work at Lubwa Mission. He attended Munali Training Centre in Lusaka (August 1941 – 1943).

Kaunda was a teacher at the Upper Primary School and Boarding Master at Lubwa and then Headmaster at Lubwa from 1943 to 1945. For a time, he worked at the Salisbury and Bindura Mine. In early 1948, he became a teacher in Mufulira for the United Missions to the Copperbelt (UMCB). He was then assistant at an African Welfare Centre and Boarding Master of a Mine School in Mufulira. In this period, he was leading a Pathfinder Scout Group and was Choirmaster at a Church of Central Africa congregation. He was also Vice-Secretary of the Nchanga Branch of Congress.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kenneth Kaunda
العربية: كينيث كاوندا
asturianu: Kenneth Kaunda
čeština: Kenneth Kaunda
Ελληνικά: Κένεθ Καούντα
español: Kenneth Kaunda
français: Kenneth Kaunda
hrvatski: Kenneth Kaunda
Bahasa Indonesia: Kenneth Kaunda
italiano: Kenneth Kaunda
ქართული: კენეთ კაუნდა
Kiswahili: Kenneth Kaunda
македонски: Кенет Каунда
Bahasa Melayu: Kenneth Kaunda
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကင်းနက် ကွန်ဒါ
Nederlands: Kenneth Kaunda
Plattdüütsch: Kenneth Kaunda
português: Kenneth Kaunda
Runa Simi: Kenneth Kaunda
Simple English: Kenneth Kaunda
српски / srpski: Кенет Каунда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kenneth Kaunda
Türkçe: Kenneth Kaunda
українська: Кеннет Каунда
Tiếng Việt: Kenneth Kaunda
Yorùbá: Kenneth Kaunda