Kathmandu

Kathmandu

काठमाडौं (Nepali)
Metropolitan City
Kathmandu collage.jpg
Flag of Kathmandu
Flag
Motto(s): 
English: My legacy, My pride, My Kathmandu; Nepali: मेरो पौरख, मेरो गौरव, मेरो काठमाण्डौ; Nepal Bhasa: जिगु पौरख, जिगु गौरव, जिगु येँ देय्
Kathmandu is located in Nepal
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°42′41″N 85°18′31″E / 27°42′41″N 85°18′31″E / 27.71139; 85.30861
CountryNepal
ProvinceProvince No. 3
DistrictKathmandu
Settled723 BCE
Established as municipality1931
Upgraded to Metro city1990
Government
 • MayorBidya Sundar Shakya (NCP)
 • Deputy MayorHari Prabha Khadgi (NC)
Area
 of Metro
 • Capital of Nepal899 km2 (347 sq mi)
Elevation
1,400 m (4,600 ft)
Population
(2017)
 • Density29,443/km2 (76,260/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,500,000
 • Metro density6,313/km2 (16,350/sq mi)
Languages
 • LocalNepali, Newar language, Sherpa, Tamang, Limbu, Gurung, Magar, Sunuwar/Kiranti, Tibetan
 • OfficialNepali, Nepal Bhasa
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
Postal Code
44600 (GPO), 44601, 44602, 44604, 44605, 44606, 44608, 44609, 44610, 44611, 44613, 44614, 44615, 44616, 44617, 44618, 44619, 44620, 44621
Area code(s)01
HDIIncrease 0.710 High[1]
HPIDecrease 20.8 Very Low
Literacy RateIncreaseLiteracy RateIncreasewww.kathmandu.gov.np

Kathmandu (/;[2] Nepali: काठमाडौं, Nepal Bhasa: ये: Yei, Nepali pronunciation: [kaʈʰmaɳɖu]) is the capital city of Nepal. It is the largest metropolis in Nepal, with a population of 1.5 million in the city proper, and 3 million in its urban agglomeration across the Kathmandu Valley, which includes the towns of Lalitpur, Kirtipur, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur making the total population to roughly 5 million people and the municipalities across Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is also the largest metropolis in the Himalayan hill region. Nepali is the most spoken language in the city, while English is widely understood.

The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 feet) above sea level in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal. The valley is historically termed as "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of Newar culture, a cosmopolitan urban civilisation in the Himalayan foothills. The city was the royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal and hosts palaces, mansions and gardens of the Nepalese aristocracy. It has been home to the headquarters of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) since 1985. Today, it is the seat of government of the Nepalese republic established in 2008; and is part of the Province No. 3 in Nepalese administrative geography.

Kathmandu is and has been for many years the centre of Nepal's history, art, culture and economy. It has a multiethnic population within a Hindu and Buddhist majority. It is also the home of the Newars. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu.

Tourism is an important part of the economy; in 2013, Kathmandu was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by TripAdvisor, and ranked first in Asia. The city is the gateway to the Nepalese Himalayas, and home to seven world heritage sites: the Durbar Squares of Hanuman Dhoka, Patan and Bhaktapur; the Stupas of Swayambhunath and Baudhanath; and the temples of Pashupati and Changu Narayan. There are also seven casinos in the city.

Historic areas of Kathmandu were devastated by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25th April 2015 and are in the process of reconstruction.

NCP’s Bidya Sundar Shakya is the Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan city and Hari Prabha Khadgi of Nepali Congress is the deputy mayor.[3]

Etymology

Kathmandu is not the native name used by the indigenous Kathmandu Newar people of the valley. Yei is the classical Nepalese name for it. The Pahari name Kathmandu comes from Kasthamandap temple, that stood in Durbar Square. In Sanskrit, Kāṣṭha (काष्ठ) means "wood" and Maṇḍap (/मण्डप) means "covered shelter". This public pavilion, also known as Maru Satta: in the Newar language, was rebuilt in 1596 by Biseth in the period of King Laxmi Narsingh Malla. The three-story structure was made entirely of wood and used no iron nails nor supports. According to legend, all the timber used to build the pagoda was obtained from a single tree.[4] The structure collapsed during a major earthquake on 25 April 2015.

The colophons of ancient manuscripts, dated as late as the 20th century, refer to Kathmandu as Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap Mahānagar in Nepal Mandala. Mahānagar means "great city". The city is called "Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap" in a vow that Buddhist priests still recite to this day. Thus, Kathmandu is also known as Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap. During medieval times, the city was sometimes called Kāntipur (कान्तिपुर). This name is derived from two Sanskrit words – Kānti and pur. "Kānti" is a word that stands for "beauty" and is mostly associated with light and "pur" means place. Thus, giving it a meaning as "City of light".

Among the indigenous Newar people, Kathmandu is known as Yeṃ Deśa (येँ देश), and Patan and Bhaktapur are known as Yala Deśa (यल देश) and Khwopa Deśa (ख्वप देश).[5] "Yen" is the shorter form of Yambu (यम्बु), which originally referred to the northern half of Kathmandu.[clarification needed][6]

Other Languages
Acèh: Kathmandu
Afrikaans: Katmandoe
አማርኛ: ካትማንዱ
العربية: كاتماندو
aragonés: Katmandú
armãneashti: Kathmandu
অসমীয়া: কাঠমাণ্ডু
asturianu: Katmandú
Avañe'ẽ: Katemandu
azərbaycanca: Katmandu
Bân-lâm-gú: Kathmandu
беларуская: Катманду
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Катманду
भोजपुरी: काठमांडो
Bikol Central: Kathmandu
български: Катманду
བོད་ཡིག: ཀ་ཏ་མན་ཏུ།
bosanski: Katmandu
brezhoneg: Kathmandu
буряад: Катманду
català: Katmandú
čeština: Káthmándú
chiShona: Kathmandu
Cymraeg: Kathmandu
dansk: Katmandu
davvisámegiella: Kathmandu
Deutsch: Kathmandu
dolnoserbski: Katmandu
डोटेली: काठमाडौं
eesti: Katmandu
Ελληνικά: Κατμαντού
español: Katmandú
Esperanto: Katmanduo
euskara: Katmandu
فارسی: کاتماندو
Fiji Hindi: Kathmandu
français: Katmandou
Frysk: Katmandû
Gaeilge: Kathmandu
Gàidhlig: Kathmandu
galego: Katmandú
ગુજરાતી: કાઠમંડુ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kathmandu
한국어: 카트만두
հայերեն: Կատմանդու
हिन्दी: काठमाण्डु
hornjoserbsce: Katmandu
hrvatski: Katmandu
Ilokano: Katmandu
Bahasa Indonesia: Kathmandu
interlingua: Kathmandu
Interlingue: Kathmandu
íslenska: Katmandú
italiano: Katmandu
עברית: קטמנדו
kalaallisut: Kathmandu
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಠ್ಮಂಡು
ქართული: კატმანდუ
қазақша: Катманду
Kiswahili: Kathmandu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Katmandou
Кыргызча: Катманду
لۊری شومالی: کاتماندو
Latina: Catmandum
latviešu: Katmandu
Lëtzebuergesch: Katmandu
lietuvių: Katmandu
Ligure: Katmandu
Limburgs: Kathmandu
lumbaart: Kathmandu
magyar: Katmandu
मैथिली: काठमाडौं
македонски: Катманду
Malagasy: Kathmandu
മലയാളം: കാഠ്മണ്ഡു
मराठी: काठमांडू
მარგალური: კატმანდუ
مازِرونی: کاتماندو
Bahasa Melayu: Kathmandu
Baso Minangkabau: Kathmandu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kathmandu
Mirandés: Kathmandu
монгол: Катманду
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ခတ္တမန္ဒုမြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Kathmandu
Nederlands: Kathmandu (stad)
Nedersaksies: Katmandoe
नेपाली: काठमाडौं
日本語: カトマンズ
нохчийн: Катманду
Nordfriisk: Kathmandu (Steed)
norsk: Katmandu
norsk nynorsk: Katmandu
occitan: Katmandó
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Katmandu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਠਮੰਡੂ
پنجابی: کٹھمنڈو
Papiamentu: Katmandu
Piemontèis: Kathmandu
polski: Katmandu
português: Catmandu
Qaraqalpaqsha: Katmandu
română: Kathmandu
русский: Катманду
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱢᱟᱱᱰᱩ
संस्कृतम्: काठमाण्डू
Scots: Kathmandu
sicilianu: Katmandu
සිංහල: කත්මන්ඩු
Simple English: Kathmandu
سنڌي: کٽمنڊو
slovenčina: Káthmandu
slovenščina: Katmandu
ślůnski: Katmandu
کوردی: کاتماندوو
српски / srpski: Катманду
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Katmandu
suomi: Kathmandu
svenska: Katmandu
Tagalog: Katmandu
татарча/tatarça: Катманду
తెలుగు: కాఠ్మండు
тоҷикӣ: Катманду
Türkçe: Katmandu
українська: Катманду
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كاتماندۇ
vepsän kel’: Katmandu
Tiếng Việt: Kathmandu
Volapük: Kathmandau
Winaray: Kathmandu
吴语: 加德满都
ייִדיש: קאטמאנדו
Yorùbá: Kathmandu
粵語: 加德滿都
žemaitėška: Katmandū
中文: 加德滿都