Kassia

Saint Kassiani
Kassia
Born810 CE
Died865 CE
Venerated inEastern Orthodox Church
FeastSeptember 7

Kassia or Kassiani (Greek: Κασσιανή Medieval Greek: [kasia'ni]; 805/810 - before 865) was an Eastern Roman abbess, poet, composer, and hymnographer. She is one of the first medieval composers whose scores are both extant and able to be interpreted by modern scholars and musicians. Approximately fifty of her hymns are extant and twenty-three are included in Orthodox Church liturgical books. The exact number is difficult to assess, as many hymns are ascribed to different authors in different manuscripts and are often identified as anonymous.

In addition, some 789 of her non-liturgical verses survive. Many are epigrams or aphorisms called "gnomic verse", for example, "I hate the rich man moaning as if he were poor."

Kassia is notable as one of only two Eastern Roman women known to have written in their own names during the Middle Ages, the other being Anna Comnena.[1]

Name

Her name is a feminine Greek form of the Latin name Cassius. It is variously spelled Κασσιανή (contemporary pronunciation [casˈsjani]), Κασ(σ)ία (Kas[s]ia), Εικασία (Eikasia), Ικασία (Ikasia), Kassiani, Cas[s]ia, Cassiane, Kassiana. Modern English-language references to her as a composer generally use the name "Kassia," while references to her religious life tend to use Kassia or Kassiani.

Other Languages
čeština: Kassia
Deutsch: Kassia
Ελληνικά: Κασσιανή
español: Kassia
italiano: Kassia
Nederlands: Kassia (componist)
norsk: Kassia
português: Kassia
română: Sfânta Casiana
slovenčina: Kassia
slovenščina: Kassia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kasija Carigradska
svenska: Kassia
Türkçe: Kassia