Kary Mullis

Kary Mullis
Kary Mullis.jpg
Born (1944-12-28) December 28, 1944 (age 73)
Lenoir, North Carolina, United States
Alma materGeorgia Institute of Technology (BS, 1966)
University of California, Berkeley (PhD, 1973)
Known forInvention of polymerase chain reaction
AwardsWilliam Allan Award (1990)
Robert Koch Prize (1992)
Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1993)
Japan Prize (1993)[1]
Scientific career
FieldsMolecular biology
Schizokinen: structure and synthetic work (1973)
Doctoral advisorJ.B. Neilands

Kary Banks Mullis (born December 28, 1944) is a Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist. In recognition of his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, he shared the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Michael Smith[3] and earned the Japan Prize in the same year. The process was first described by Kjell Kleppe and 1968 Nobel laureate H. Gobind Khorana, and allows the amplification of specific DNA sequences.[4][5][6] The invention made by Mullis allowed PCR to become a central technique in biochemistry and molecular biology, described by The New York Times as "highly original and significant, virtually dividing biology into the two epochs of before P.C.R. and after P.C.R."[7]

He has defended AIDS denialism,[8][9][10][11][12][13] and climate change denial,[8] and has attacked sociology as a "worthless science" for not taking astrology seriously.[14]

Early life

Mullis was born in Lenoir, North Carolina, near the Blue Ridge Mountains,[2] on December 28, 1944. His family had a background in farming in this rural area. As a child, Mullis recalls, he was interested in observing organisms in the countryside.[5] He grew up in Columbia, South Carolina,[5] where he attended Dreher High School.[15] He has described his early interest in chemistry, and claims to have learned how to chemically synthesize and build solid state fuel propulsion rockets as a high school student during the 1950s.[16]

Mullis earned a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in chemistry[2] from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta in 1966, during which time he got married and started a business.[17] He then received a PhD in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 1973; his research done in J. B. Neilands' laboratory focused on synthesis and structure of bacterial iron transporter molecules.[18] Following his graduation, Mullis became a postdoctoral fellow in pediatric cardiology at the University of Kansas Medical School, going on to complete two years of postdoctoral work in pharmaceutical chemistry at the University of California, San Francisco.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kary Mullis
العربية: كاري موليس
تۆرکجه: کری مالیس
беларуская: Кэры Муліс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кэры Муліс
čeština: Kary Mullis
Deutsch: Kary Mullis
español: Kary Mullis
euskara: Kary Mullis
فارسی: کری مالیس
français: Kary Mullis
Gàidhlig: Kary B. Mullis
galego: Kary Mullis
한국어: 캐리 멀리스
hrvatski: Kary Mullis
Bahasa Indonesia: Kary Mullis
italiano: Kary Mullis
Kiswahili: Kary Mullis
Nederlands: Kary Mullis
occitan: Kary Mullis
پنجابی: کیری مولیس
polski: Kary Mullis
português: Kary Mullis
română: Kary Mullis
русский: Муллис, Кэри
sicilianu: Kary Mullis
Simple English: Kary Mullis
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kary Mullis
svenska: Kary Mullis
Türkçe: Kary Mullis
українська: Кері Малліс
Tiếng Việt: Kary Mullis
Yorùbá: Kary Mullis