Karbala

Karbala
كَربَلَاء
Karbalāʾ
Kerbala
Karbala is located in Iraq
Karbala
Karbala
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32.617; 44.033
Country   Iraq
Governorate Karbala
Settled 690  CE
Population (2014)
 • Total 690,100 [1]

Karbala ( Arabic: كَرْبَلَاء‎‎, Karbalā’, Persian: کربلاء) is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh. [2] [3] Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 0.7 million people (2015).

The city, best known as the location of the Ghazwaṫ Karbalā’ ( Arabic: غَـزوَة كَـربَـلَاء‎‎, Battle of Karbala) in 680 CE, or the Masjidayn ( Arabic: مَـسـجِـدَيـن‎‎, two Mosques) of Imam Husayn and Abbas, [4] [5] is considered as a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims as Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Tens of millions of Shi'ite Muslims visit the site twice a year, rivaling Mecca as a place of pilgrimage. [6] [7] [8] [9] The martyrdom of Imam Husayn ibn Ali is commemorated annually by millions of Shi'ites, [10] [11] [12] [13] Up to 8 million pilgrims visit the city to observe ‘Āshūrā’ ( Arabic: عَـاشُـورَاء‎‎, "Tenth Day" {of the month of Muharram}), which marks the anniversary of Imam Husayn's death, but the main event is the Arba‘īn ( Arabic: أَربَـعِـيـن‎‎, 40th day after Ashura), where up to 22 million visit the holy graves. Most of the pilgrims travel barefooted from all around Iraq and more than 56 countries. [14]

Etymology

Several theories address the origin of the name Karbalā’. The geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi expressed the traditional hypothesis: that the name is an alternate Arabic feminine version of karbalah ("soft earth"). [15] Alternatively, it has been said to be derived from the Aramaic word Kora, meaning place for making bricks, for the nearby ancient city of Bābil ( Arabic: بَـابِـل‎‎, Babylon), hence Karbābil ( Arabic: كَـرْبَـابِـل‎‎), which became Karbalā’ by contraction.[ citation needed] According to Shi'ite belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā’ to Muhammad: a combination of karb ( Arabic: كَـرب‎‎, the land which will cause many agonies) and balā’ ( Arabic: بَـلاء‎‎, afflictions)." [16]

The word could also be derived from the r

Other Languages
العربية: كربلاء
azərbaycanca: Kərbəla
تۆرکجه: کربلا
বাংলা: কারবালা
беларуская: Кербела
български: Кербала
català: Karbala
Cebuano: Karbala
čeština: Karbalá
dansk: Karbala
Deutsch: Kerbela
Ελληνικά: Καρμπάλα
español: Kerbala
Esperanto: Karbalo
euskara: Karbala
فارسی: کربلا
français: Kerbala
한국어: 카르발라
Հայերեն: Քերբելա
हिन्दी: करबला
Bahasa Indonesia: Karbala
italiano: Kerbela
עברית: כרבלא
ქართული: ქარბალა
қазақша: Кербела
Кыргызча: Кербела
lietuvių: Kerbela
magyar: Kerbela
മലയാളം: കർബല
مصرى: كربلاء
مازِرونی: کربلا
Bahasa Melayu: Karbala
Nederlands: Karbala
日本語: カルバラー
norsk: Karbala
norsk nynorsk: Karbala
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karbalo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਰਬਲਾ
پنجابی: کربلا
polski: Karbala
português: Karbala
română: Karbala
русский: Кербела
Scots: Karbala
shqip: Qerbelaja
sicilianu: Kerbala
Simple English: Karbala
سنڌي: ڪربلا
کوردی: کەربەلا
српски / srpski: Карбала
Basa Sunda: Karbala
suomi: Karbala
svenska: Karbala
Tagalog: Karbala
தமிழ்: கர்பலா
Türkçe: Kerbela
українська: Кербела
اردو: کربلا
Winaray: Karbala
Zazaki: Kerbela
中文: 卡爾巴拉