Karbala

For other uses, see Karbala (disambiguation).
"Kerbela" redirects here. For the moth genus, see Kerbela (moth).
Karbala
كربلاء
Karbalāʾ
Kerbala and old name "kofa"
The Holy Shrines in Karbala
The Holy Shrines in Karbala
Karbala is located in Iraq
Karbala
Karbala
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32.617; 44.033
Country   Iraq
Governorate Karbala
Settled 690 AD
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,151,200 [1]

Karbala ( Arabic: كربلاء‎‎) Karbalā’;is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad. Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 1.15 million people (2012).

The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala (680), is considered as holy a city for Shia Muslims as Mecca, Medina and the noble sanctuary in Jerusalem, and tens of millions of Shia Muslims visit the site twice a year, rivalling Mecca as a place of pilgrimage. [2] [3] [4] [5] Karbala is home to the Imam Hussain Shrine. The martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali (Imam Hussain) is commemorated annually by millions of Shias. [6] [7] [8] [9]

Etymology

Several theories address the origin of the name Karbala. The geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi expressed the traditional hypothesis: that the name is an alternate Arabic feminine version of karbalah "soft earth". [10] Alternatively, it has been said to be derived from the Aramaic word Kora, meaning place for making bricks, for the nearby ancient city of Babil, hence Karbabil, which became Karbala by contraction.[ citation needed] According to Shia belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā to Muhammad: the land which will cause many agonies (karb) and afflictions (balā)." [11]

The word derived from the Aramaic word כַרְבָלָא / ܟܪܒܠܐ [ krblh | karbālā ], ultimately derived from Akkadian karballatu. It means a type of head covering and also cock's comb.r

Other Languages
العربية: كربلاء
azərbaycanca: Kərbəla
تۆرکجه: کربلا
বাংলা: কারবালা
беларуская: Горад Кербела
български: Кербала
català: Karbala
Cebuano: Karbala
čeština: Karbalá
dansk: Karbala
Deutsch: Kerbela
Ελληνικά: Καρμπάλα
español: Kerbala
Esperanto: Karbalo
euskara: Karbala
فارسی: کربلا
français: Kerbala
한국어: 카르발라
Հայերեն: Քերբելա
हिन्दी: करबला
Bahasa Indonesia: Karbala
italiano: Kerbela
עברית: כרבלא
ქართული: ქარბალა
қазақша: Кербела
Кыргызча: Кербела
lietuvių: Kerbela
magyar: Kerbela
മലയാളം: കർബല
مصرى: كربلاء
مازِرونی: کربلا
Bahasa Melayu: Karbala
Nederlands: Karbala
日本語: カルバラー
norsk bokmål: Karbala
norsk nynorsk: Karbala
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karbalo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਰਬਲਾ
پنجابی: کربلا
polski: Karbala
português: Karbala
română: Karbala
русский: Кербела
Scots: Karbala
shqip: Qerbelaja
sicilianu: Kerbala
Simple English: Karbala
سنڌي: ڪربلا
کوردیی ناوەندی: کەربەلا
српски / srpski: Карбала
suomi: Karbala
svenska: Karbala
Tagalog: Karbala
தமிழ்: கர்பலா
Türkçe: Kerbela
українська: Кербела
اردو: کربلا
Winaray: Karbala
Zazaki: Kerbela
中文: 卡爾巴拉