Karbala

Karbala
كَربَلَاء
Karbalāʾ
Kerbala
The Mosques of Imam Hussain (foreground) and Abbas (background), in Karbala
The Mosques of Imam Hussain (foreground) and Abbas (background), in Karbala
Karbala is located in Iraq
Karbala
Karbala
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32.617; 44.033
Country Iraq
GovernorateKarbala
Settled690 CE
Population (2014)
 • Total690,100[1]

Karbala (Arabic: كَرْبَلَاء‎, Karbalā’, Persian: کربلاء) is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh.[2][3] Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 700 thousand people (2015).

The city, best known as the location of the Ma'rakat Karbalā'(Arabic: مَعرَكة كَـربَـلَاء‎, Battle of Karbala) in 680 CE, or the Masjidayn (Arabic: مَـسـجِـدَيـن‎, two mosques) of Imam Husayn and Abbas,[4][5] is considered a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims in the same vein as Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Tens of millions of Shi'ite Muslims visit the site twice a year, rivaling Mecca as a place of pilgrimage.[6][7][8][9] The martyrdom of Imam Husayn ibn Ali is commemorated annually by millions of Shi'ites.[10][11][12][13] Up to 8 million pilgrims visit the city to observe ‘Āshūrā’ (Arabic: عَـاشُـورَاء‎, "Tenth Day" {of the month of Muharram}), which marks the anniversary of Imam Husayn's death, but the main event is the Arba‘īn (Arabic: أَربَـعِـيـن‎, 40th day after Ashura), where up to 30 million visit the holy graves. Most of the pilgrims travel on foot from all around Iraq and more than 56 countries.[14][15]

Etymology

There are many opinions among different investigators, as to the origin of the word "Karbala". Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word "Kar Babel" which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella (Karb Illu. as in Arba Illu [Arbil]), Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. This last name is today known as Al-Hair and is where Imam Imam Hussain ibn Ali's grave is located.

The investigator Yaqut al-Hamawy had pointed out that the meaning of "Karbala" could have several explanations, one of which is that the place where Imam Hussain ibn Ali was martyred is made of soft earth—"Al-Karbalat".

According to Shi'ite belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā’ to Muhammad: a combination of karb (Arabic: كَـرب‎, the land which will cause many agonies) and balā’ (Arabic: بَـلاء‎, afflictions)."[16]

Other Languages
العربية: كربلاء
azərbaycanca: Kərbəla
تۆرکجه: کربلا
বাংলা: কারবালা
башҡортса: Кәрбәлә
беларуская: Кербела
български: Кербала
català: Karbala
Cebuano: Karbala
čeština: Karbalá
dansk: Karbala
Deutsch: Kerbela
Ελληνικά: Καρμπάλα
español: Kerbala
Esperanto: Karbalo
euskara: Karbala
فارسی: کربلا
français: Kerbala
한국어: 카르발라
Հայերեն: Քերբելա
हिन्दी: करबला
Bahasa Indonesia: Karbala
italiano: Kerbela
עברית: כרבלא
ქართული: ქარბალა
қазақша: Кербела
Кыргызча: Кербела
latviešu: Kerbela
lietuvių: Kerbela
lumbaart: Karbala
magyar: Kerbela
മലയാളം: കർബല
مصرى: كربلاء
مازِرونی: کربلا
Bahasa Melayu: Karbala
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကရ်ဘလာ
Nederlands: Karbala
日本語: カルバラー
norsk: Karbala
norsk nynorsk: Karbala
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karbalo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਰਬਲਾ
پنجابی: کربلا
polski: Karbala
português: Carbala
română: Karbala
русский: Кербела
Scots: Karbala
shqip: Qerbelaja
sicilianu: Kerbala
Simple English: Karbala
سنڌي: ڪربلا
کوردی: کەربەلا
српски / srpski: Карбала
Basa Sunda: Karbala
suomi: Karbala
svenska: Karbala
Tagalog: Karbala
தமிழ்: கர்பலா
Türkçe: Kerbela
українська: Кербела
اردو: کربلا
Winaray: Karbala
Zazaki: Kerbela
中文: 卡爾巴拉
Lingua Franca Nova: Carbala