Kalpana Chawla

Kalpana Chawla
Kalpana Chawla, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
Born(1962-03-17)March 17, 1962
Karnal, East Punjab, India
(now in Haryana, India)
DiedFebruary 1, 2003(2003-02-01) (aged 40)
Aboard Space Shuttle Columbia over Texas, U.S.
Alma materPunjab Engineering College
University of Texas at Arlington
University of Colorado at Boulder
AwardsCongressional Space Medal of Honor
Space career
Time in space
31 days, 14 hours, 54 minutes[1]
Selection1994 NASA Group
MissionsSTS-87, STS-107
Mission insignia
Sts-87-patch.svg STS-107 Flight Insignia.svg

Kalpana Chawla (March 17, 1962 – February 1, 2003) was an American astronaut, engineer, and the first woman of Indian descent to go to space.[2][3] She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator. In 2003, Chawla was one of the seven crew members who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster when the spacecraft disintegrated during its re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere.[4] Chawla was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor,[5] and several streets, universities and institutions have been named in her honor.[6][7][8] The late astronaut is recognized as a national hero in India.[9]

Early life

Chawla was born on March 17, 1962, in Karnal, India, but her official date of birth was altered to July 1, 1961, to allow her to become eligible for the matriculation exam.[10] As a child, Kalpana liked to draw pictures of airplanes.[11] She went to local flying clubs and watched planes with her father.[12] Chawla said "Every once in a while we'd ask my dad if we could get a ride in one of these planes. And, he did take us to the flying club and get us a ride in the Pushpak and a glider that the flying club had."[12]

In 1976, Chawla graduated from the Tagore School, where she was a high-performing student.[13] After getting a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, India, she moved to the United States in 1982 and obtained a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington in 1984.[14] Chawla went on to earn a second Masters in 1986 and a PhD[15] in aerospace engineering in 1988 from the University of Colorado Boulder.

Other Languages
অসমীয়া: কল্পনা চাওলা
asturianu: Kalpana Chawla
беларуская: Калпана Чаўла
български: Калпана Чаула
español: Kalpana Chawla
français: Kalpana Chawla
ગુજરાતી: કલ્પના ચાવલા
한국어: 칼파나 촐라
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalpana Chawla
íslenska: Kalpana Chawla
italiano: Kalpana Chawla
Malagasy: Kalpana Chawla
മലയാളം: കൽപന ചൗള
Nederlands: Kalpana Chawla
پنجابی: کلپنا چاولہ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: Kalpana Chawla
português: Kalpana Chawla
română: Kalpana Chawla
संस्कृतम्: कल्पना चावला
Simple English: Kalpana Chawla
slovenčina: Kalpana Chawlová
Türkçe: Kalpana Chawla
українська: Калпана Чавла