Kali Yuga

Kali Yuga (Sanskrit: कलियुग, translit. kaliyuga, lit. 'age of Kali') in Hinduism is the last of the four stages (or ages or yugas) the world goes through as part of a 'cycle of yugas' (i.e. Mahayuga) described in the Sanskrit scriptures.[1] The other ages are called Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, and Dvapara Yuga.

Kali Yuga is associated with the demon Kali (not to be confused with the goddess Kālī). The "Kali" of Kali Yuga means "strife", "discord", "quarrel" or "contention".

According to Puranic sources,[2] Krishna's departure marks the end of Dvapara Yuga and the start of Kali Yuga, which is dated to 17/18 February 3102 BCE.[3]

Current Kali Yuga and possible starting dates

According to the Surya Siddhanta, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE.[4] This is also considered the date on which Lord Krishna left the earth to return to Vaikuntha.[5] This information is placed at the temple of Bhalka, the place of this incident (see photo).

Information kiosk at Bhalka, the place from where Lord Krishna returned to his heavenly abode

According to the astronomer and mathematician Aryabhatta the Kali Yuga started in 3102 BCE. He finished his book "Aryabhattiya" in 499 CE, in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of Kali Yuga. He writes that he wrote the book in the "year 3600 of the Kali Age" at the age of 23. As it was the 3600th year of the Kali Age when he was 23 years old, and given that Aryabhatta was born in 476 CE, the beginning of the Kali Yuga would come to (3600 - (476 + 23) + 1 (As only one year elapses between 1 BCE and 1 CE) = ) 3102 BCE.[6]

According to KD Abhyankar, the starting point of Kali Yuga is an extremely rare planetary alignment, which is depicted in the Mohenjo-Daro seals.[7] Going by this alignment the year 3102 BCE is slightly off. The actual date for this alignment is 7 February of 3104 BCE. There is also sufficient proof to believe that Vrdhha Garga knew of precession at least by 500 BCE. Garga had calculated the rate of precession to within 30% of what the modern scholars estimate.[8][9]

Most interpreters of vedic scriptures, as Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Goswami and his recent disciple Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada believe that Earth is currently in Kali Yuga and lasts 432,000 years. Other authors, such as Swami Sri Yukteswar[10] and Paramhansa Yogananda,[11] believe that it is now an ascending Dvapara Yuga, indicating levels of cycles within each major Yuga period as each being a development, the smaller cycles within cycles eventually leading to full development of the qualities of the ages. The Kali Yuga is thought by some authors to last 6480 years although other durations have been proposed.[12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kali-joega
العربية: كالي يوغا
asturianu: Kali-iuga
azərbaycanca: Kali-yuqa
বাংলা: কলি যুগ
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Калі-юга
भोजपुरी: कलियुग
brezhoneg: Kali Yuga
català: Kali Yuga
čeština: Kalijuga
dansk: Kali Yuga
Deutsch: Kali-Yuga
Ελληνικά: Κάλι Γιούγκα
español: Kali-iuga
Esperanto: Kali Juga
euskara: Kali Yuga
فارسی: کالی یوگا
français: Kali Yuga
Frysk: Kali Yuga
furlan: Kali Yuga
galego: Kali Yuga
ગુજરાતી: કળિયુગ
հայերեն: Կալի յուգա
हिन्दी: कलियुग
Bahasa Indonesia: Kaliyuga
íslenska: Kali Yuga
italiano: Kali Yuga
Basa Jawa: Kali Yuga
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಲಿಯುಗ
ქართული: კალი-იუგა
Kiswahili: Kali Yuga
latviešu: Kali Juga
lietuvių: Kalijuga
magyar: Kali-juga
македонски: Кали-југа
മലയാളം: കലിയുഗം
मराठी: कलि युग
Nederlands: Kali yuga
नेपाली: कलि युग
नेपाल भाषा: कलि युग
日本語: カリ・ユガ
norsk: Kali Yuga
norsk nynorsk: Kali Yuga
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਲ ਯੁੱਗ
पालि: कलि युग
polski: Kalijuga
português: Kali Yuga
русский: Кали-юга
संस्कृतम्: कलियुगम्
Simple English: Kali Yuga
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kali Yuga
Basa Sunda: Kali Yuga
suomi: Kali Yuga
svenska: Kaliyuga
Tagalog: Kali Yuga
தமிழ்: கலி யுகம்
తెలుగు: కలియుగము
Türkçe: Kali Yuga
українська: Калі Юґа
اردو: کل یگ
中文: 争斗时