Kōfu

Kōfu

甲府市
View from Sakaorimiya Kai-Zenko-ji, Kakueno in autumn Moats of Kofu Castle, Takeda Shingen festival Night view of Kofu, Kofu motsu-ni stew Kose Sports Stadium
View from Sakaorimiya
Kai-Zenko-ji, Kakueno in autumn
Moats of Kofu Castle, Takeda Shingen festival
Night view of Kofu, Kofu motsu-ni stew
Kose Sports Stadium
Flag of Kōfu
Flag
Official seal of Kōfu
Seal
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Kōfu is located in Japan
Kōfu
Kōfu
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°39′43.7″N 138°34′5.6″E / 35°39′43.7″N 138°34′5.6″E / 35.662139; 138.568222
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureYamanashi Prefecture
Government
 • MayorYūichi Higuchi (since February 2015)
Area
 • Total212.47 km2 (82.04 sq mi)
Population
(November 2015)
 • Total193,127
 • Density909/km2 (2,350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeQuercus
- FlowerDianthus
- Birdhttp://www.city.kofu.yamanashi.jp/

Kōfu (甲府市, Kōfu-shi, Japanese: [ko̞ːɸɯᵝ]) is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.

As of November 1, 2015, the city had an estimated population of 193,127, and a population density of 909 persons per km2. The total area is 212.41 square kilometres (82.01 sq mi). Kōfu's name means "capital of Kai Province". During the Sengoku period, it was famous as the stronghold of Takeda Shingen.

History

Archaeologists have discovered evidence of human settlement in the Kōfu area dating to the Japanese Paleolithic period, with continuous settlement through the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods. During the Nara period, the provincial temple of Kai Province was established in what is now Kōfu, indicating that the Nara period provincial capital was located nearby, as the name of the city implies. During the Heian period, a branch of the Minamoto clan, the “Kai-Genji” ruled over vast shōen estates, and developed a military force noted for its use of cavalry. By the Muromachi period, a branch of the Kai-Genji, the Takeda clan came to dominate the area, and built a castle in what is now part of Kōfu.

Under the rule of Takeda Nobutora, Kōfu was rebuilt as a castle town starting in 1519, and remained the capital of the Takeda clan under Takeda Shingen and his son Takeda Katsuyori. During the Edo period, Kai Province was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, and Kōfu Castle remained its administrative center. Following the Meiji restoration, with the establishment of the municipalities system, the town of Kōfu was proclaimed on July 1, 1889.

During World War II, much of the city was destroyed by United States Army Air Forces B-29 Superfortress bombers during a major air raid during the night of 6 July 1945.[1]

Kōfu is designated as one of the special cities of Japan. On March 1, 2006, Kōfu, with a population of 193,795, absorbed the town of Nakamichi (from Higashiyatsushiro District), and the northern part of the village of Kamikuishiki (from Nishiyatsushiro District) increasing the population to 201,184.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Kofu
Bân-lâm-gú: Kôhu-chhī
български: Кофу
català: Kōfu
čeština: Kófu
chiTumbuka: Kōfu
Deutsch: Kōfu
Esperanto: Kofu
euskara: Kōfu
français: Kōfu
Gaeilge: Kōfu
한국어: 고후시
հայերեն: Կոֆու (քաղաք)
Bahasa Indonesia: Kōfu, Yamanashi
italiano: Kōfu
עברית: קופו
ქართული: კოფუ
Kiswahili: Kofu, Yamanashi
مازِرونی: کوفو، یاماناشی
Nederlands: Kofu
日本語: 甲府市
norsk: Kōfu
polski: Kōfu
português: Kōfu
русский: Кофу (город)
Scots: Kōfu
Simple English: Kōfu
ślůnski: Kōfu
српски / srpski: Кофу
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kofu
Basa Sunda: Kofu, Yamanashi
suomi: Kōfu
svenska: Kōfu
ไทย: โคฟุ
тоҷикӣ: Кофу
Türkçe: Kōfu
українська: Кофу (Яманасі)
Tiếng Việt: Kōfu, Yamanashi
文言: 甲府市
粵語: 甲府
中文: 甲府市