Jury

An empty jury box at an American courtroom in Pershing County, Nevada

A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment. Modern juries tend to be found in courts to ascertain the guilt, or lack thereof, in a crime. In Anglophone jurisdictions, the verdict may be guilty or not guilty (not proven; a verdict of acquittal, based on the state's failure to prove guilt rather than any proof of innocence, is also available in Scotland). The old institution of grand juries still exists in some places, particularly the United States, to investigate whether enough evidence of a crime exists to bring someone to trial.

The modern criminal court jury arrangement has evolved out of the medieval juries in England. Members were supposed to inform themselves of crimes and then of the details of the crimes. Their function was therefore closer to that of a grand jury than that of a jury in a trial.

Etymology

The word jury derives from Anglo-Norman juré ("sworn"). Juries are most common in common law adversarial-system jurisdictions. In the modern system, juries act as triers of fact, while judges act as triers of law (but see nullification). A trial without a jury (in which both questions of fact and questions of law are decided by a judge) is known as a bench trial.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Andlı iclasçı
català: Jurat popular
čeština: Soudní porota
Ελληνικά: Ένορκος
español: Jurado
Esperanto: Ĵurio
français: Jury
Gàidhlig: Coiste
galego: Xurado
한국어: 배심제
Ido: Jurio
Bahasa Indonesia: Juri
italiano: Giuria
қазақша: Өкілдік сот
Kiswahili: Jopo la majaji
Latina: Iurata
lietuvių: Žiuri
magyar: Esküdtszék
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျူရီ
Nederlands: Juryrechtspraak
日本語: 陪審制
norsk: Jury
norsk nynorsk: Jury
português: Júri
Simple English: Jury
српски / srpski: Порота
svenska: Jury
Tagalog: Hurado
Türkçe: Jüri
українська: Суд присяжних
اردو: جیوری
Tiếng Việt: Bồi thẩm đoàn
ייִדיש: זשורי
Zazaki: Juri
中文: 陪审制