June

0102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930

June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern Hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June (meteorological summer begins on 1 June). In the Southern Hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.[1]

At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.[citation needed]

Etymology and history

Flaming June (1895) by Lord Leighton

The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.[2] Another source claims June is named after Lucius Junius Brutus, founder of the roman Republic and ancestor of the Roman gens Junia [3].

In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15.[4] Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.[5]

Certain meteor showers take place in June. The Arietids takes place May 22 to July 2 each year, and peaks on June 7. The Beta Taurids June 5 to July 18. The June Bootids take place roughly between 26 June and 2 July each year.

Ancient Roman observances

Under the calendar of ancient Rome, the festival of Ludi Fabarici took place on May 29 – June 1, Kalendae Fabariae took place on June 1, the Festival to Bellona took place on June 3, Ludi Piscatorii took place on June 7, and Vestalia took place from June 7 – June 15. A Rosalia was held on June 20. The Secular Games were held roughly every 100 years in either May or June. These dates does not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Junie
Alemannisch: Juni
አማርኛ: ጁን
Ænglisc: Sēremōnaþ
Аҧсшәа: Рашәара
العربية: يونيو
aragonés: Chunio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܚܙܝܪܢ
armãneashti: Cirișaru
arpetan: Jouen
অসমীয়া: জুন
asturianu: Xunu
Atikamekw: Otehimin pisimw
Avañe'ẽ: Jasypoteĩ
авар: Июн
Aymar aru: Juyphi phaxsi
azərbaycanca: İyun
বাংলা: জুন
Bahasa Banjar: Juni
Bân-lâm-gú: 6 goe̍h
башҡортса: Июнь
беларуская: Чэрвень
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Чэрвень
भोजपुरी: जून
Bikol Central: Hunyo
български: Юни
Boarisch: Juni
bosanski: Juni
brezhoneg: Mezheven
català: Juny
Чӑвашла: Çĕртме уйăхĕ
Cebuano: Hunyo
čeština: Červen
chiTumbuka: Juni
corsu: Ghjugnu
Cymraeg: Mehefin
dansk: Juni
davvisámegiella: Geassemánnu
Deitsch: Yuni
Deutsch: Juni
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖޫން
dolnoserbski: Junij
eesti: Juuni
Ελληνικά: Ιούνιος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Zógn
эрзянь: Аштемков
español: Junio
Esperanto: Junio
estremeñu: Juñu
euskara: Ekain
eʋegbe: Masa
فارسی: ژوئن
Fiji Hindi: June
føroyskt: Juni
français: Juin
Frysk: Juny
furlan: Zugn
Gaeilge: An Meitheamh
Gagauz: Kirez ay
Gàidhlig: An t-Ògmhios
galego: Xuño
贛語: 六月
ગુજરાતી: જૂન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 6-ngie̍t
хальмг: Мөчин сар
한국어: 6월
Hausa: Yuni
Hawaiʻi: Iune
հայերեն: Հունիս
हिन्दी: जून
hornjoserbsce: Junij
hrvatski: Lipanj
Ido: Junio
Ilokano: Hunio
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জুন
Bahasa Indonesia: Juni
interlingua: Junio
Interlingue: Junio
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᔪᓂ
Ирон: Июнь
isiXhosa: Eyesilimela
íslenska: Júní
italiano: Giugno
עברית: יוני
Basa Jawa: Juni
kalaallisut: Juuni
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜೂನ್
ქართული: ივნისი
kaszëbsczi: Czerwińc
қазақша: Маусым
kernowek: Mis Metheven
Kinyarwanda: Kamena
Kiswahili: Juni
Kreyòl ayisyen: Jen
kurdî: Pûşper
Кыргызча: Июнь
кырык мары: Июнь
Ladino: Djunio
лакку: Июнь
лезги: Июнь
latgaļu: Vosorys mieness
Latina: Iunius
latviešu: Jūnijs
Lëtzebuergesch: Juni
lietuvių: Birželis
Ligure: Zûgno
Limburgs: Juni
Livvinkarjala: Kezäkuu
lumbaart: Giügn
magyar: Június
मैथिली: जुन
македонски: Јуни
Malagasy: Jona
മലയാളം: ജൂൺ
Malti: Ġunju
Māori: Pipiri
मराठी: जून महिना
მარგალური: მანგი
مصرى: يونيه
Bahasa Melayu: Jun
Baso Minangkabau: Juli
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 6 nguŏk
Mirandés: Júnio
мокшень: Лямбеков
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇွန်
Na Vosa Vakaviti: June
Nederlands: Juni
Nedersaksies: Juni
नेपाली: जुन
नेपाल भाषा: जुन
日本語: 6月
Napulitano: Giùgno
нохчийн: Июнь
Nordfriisk: Jüüne
Norfuk / Pitkern: Juun
norsk: Juni
norsk nynorsk: Juni
Nouormand: Juîn
Novial: June
occitan: Junh
олык марий: Пеледыш (тылзе)
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜୁନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iyun
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੂਨ
Pangasinan: June
پنجابی: جون
پښتو: جون
Перем Коми: Юнь
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខែមិថុនា
Piemontèis: Giugn
Tok Pisin: Jun
Plattdüütsch: Juni
polski: Czerwiec
Ποντιακά: Κερασινός
português: Junho
Qaraqalpaqsha: İyun
qırımtatarca: İyün
Ripoarisch: Juuni (Moohndt)
română: Iunie
Runa Simi: Inti raymi killa
русиньскый: Юн
русский: Июнь
саха тыла: Бэс ыйа
Gagana Samoa: Iuni
संस्कृतम्: जून
sardu: Làmpadas
Scots: Juin
Sesotho sa Leboa: Phuphu
shqip: Qershori
sicilianu: Giugnu
Simple English: June
سنڌي: جون
SiSwati: ÍNhlaba
slovenčina: Jún
slovenščina: Junij
ślůnski: Czyrwjec
Soomaaliga: Juun
کوردی: حوزەیران
српски / srpski: Јун
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jun
Basa Sunda: Juni
suomi: Kesäkuu
svenska: Juni
Tagalog: Hunyo
தமிழ்: சூன்
Taqbaylit: Yunyu
tarandíne: Sciugne
татарча/tatarça: Июнь
తెలుగు: జూన్
tetun: Juñu
тоҷикӣ: Июн
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏕᎭᎷᏱ
Türkçe: Haziran
Türkmençe: Iýun
удмурт: Инвожо
українська: Червень
اردو: جون
Vahcuengh: 6 nyied
vèneto: Giugno
vepsän kel’: Kezaku
Tiếng Việt: Tháng sáu
Volapük: Yunul
Võro: Piimäkuu
West-Vlams: Juni
Winaray: Hunyo
Wolof: Suwe
吴语: 6月
Xitsonga: Khotavuxika
ייִדיש: יוני
Yorùbá: Oṣù Kẹfà
粵語: 6月
Zazaki: Heziran
žemaitėška: Biržielis
中文: 6月
Bahasa Hulontalo: Juni
ГӀалгӀай: Этинга бутт